WILBER EUREKA MOWER & REAPER MA.NUFAOTURING COMPANY.
(Circuit Court, S. D. New York. January 20, lS80.j
INVENTION-SPECIFICATION-DUAWING.-In a suit upon a patent a drawing can be looked at, if necessary in order to explain an ambiguous or doubtful specification, but cannot be made to supply the entire want of any part of a specification or claim. SAME-PATENT.-Although a patent gives an exclusive right to the patented invention for all uses to which it could be put, whether contemplated by the inventor or subsequently discovered, still the invention must, in some way, be covered by the patent before such exclusive right can be acquired.
WHEELER, J. This suit is founded upon the second claim of Letters Patent No. 51,364, dated December 5, 1865, granted to John B. Tinker, for an improvement in mowing machines. Among other defences the defendant denies infringement. Both the orator's and the defendant's machines are operatec: by direct dra.ft, and have finger bars resting in shoes, hinged backward to other parts at each end, which are carried by rollers, and alternately run in the standing grass. They are placed forward of the shoes, and roll down the standing grass in their paths, and thereby prevent tangling, which would occur and be detrimental, if the grass should be divided towards the bottom, for them to pass tllrough. One question is whether the plaintiff's patent covers a roller so placed. The only part of the specification describing them, or in any way referring to their location, after referring to the shoes, says: "The shoes also carry rollers, 'F,' in front of the finger bar, which run upon the ground sustain the weight of the finger bar." In other parts it describes the finger bar and cutters as arranged to do their work wholly between the driving wheels, or the courses of their tracks. The drawing shows the rollers, not only in front of the finger bar, but forward of the shoes. The second claim is for "the combination of the carryingrollers, 'F', with the hinged and extended shoes, 'E', arranged and located substantially as herein described." The arrange-
TINKER V. WILBER EUREKA 111. & R. MANUF'G CO.
and location of the rollers and shoes referred to in the claim could only be placing the rollers in front of the finger bar, and the rollers and shoes within the courses of the wheels so as to carry the finger bar there, and could not have referred to placing the rollers in advance of the shoes. They were the arrangement and location therein described, and the location of the rollers in advance of the shoes was not therein described. The drawing could and should be at, if necessary, in order to explain an ambiguous or doubtful specification, and to make the invention capable of being understood and used. Curtis on Pat. § 262. Hog[l v. Emerson, 6 How. 437. But it cannot supply an entire want of any part of a specification or claim in a suit upon a patent, although it might afford ground for a reissue covering the part shown by it. U. S. Rev. St:§ 4916. That the specfication was not intended to cover rollers wholly in advance of the shoes to roll down the grass in their tracks, is evident from the fact that no mention is made of that purpose, nor of doing away with a projection of the shoes ahead of the rollers, which had sometimes been used to divide the grass, nor of a broad tread to the wheels, or any other arrangement calculated to roll down the grass. These things are not referred to in any supposition that it was necessary for the inventor to specify all the uses to which his invention could be put in order to cover them, but for the purpose of ascertaining what invention was in fact specified and covered for any use. There is no doubt but that, as argued for the orator, the patent would give an exclusive right to the patented invention for all uses to which it could be put, whether contemplated by the inventor, or discovered by himself or others afterwards. Roberts v. Ryer, 91 U. S. 150. But the invention must in some way be covered by the patent before he can acquire an exclusive right to it for any purpose. Although Tinker constructed roller3 in advance of the shoes so they would roll down the grass, and without anything before them that would divide the grass and prevent it being rolled, he does not appear to haye llpprehended what their utility would be in preventing tangling of the grass over the
parts of the machine next to the grass left uncut their hindrance, nor to have obtained a patent for that device. The nse of such rollers is what the orator complains of, but the patent she owns does not appear to cover them, therefore the defendant does not appear to infringe her patent 80i it was granted.. Decree dismissing bill.
CROWELL ". NATHANIEL
Court, D. MaMachusau.
UlYENTION-IMPROVED PROCESS OF CURING FISII.-An improvement in lhe process of curing fish by the removal of the mucous membrane is patentable, when it was not formerly Imowil that such membrane was injurious to the keeping quality of the fish.
These causes were tried together, it being agreed that the facts were precisely alike in both. John Atwood obtained a patent, No. 90,334, May 25,1869, for an improved process of curing and putting up fish. He declared in his specification that the cause of the offensive odor of fish cured in the ordinary way was 'the mucous membrane between the skin and the flesh, which when dried and afterwards moistened became slimy and offensive. His new method was thus described: "When the fish is fresh, I take out the principal bones and fins, the fish remaining whole or split in halves. When partially dried and cured with salt I remove the skin, and with it the entire mucous membrane, the cause of the offensive odor of salt fish. I then pack in tight wood boxes, of convenient size, for instance from ten to one hundred pound boxes." He claims: "The method or process for curing and putting tIp fish substantially as described." It was explained that the method wad particularly applicable to cod and lw,Jduck.