101 F.3d 705
Mitchell Harrell JACKSON, Plaintiff-Appellant,
Jerry A. O'REAR, Sergeant; LT. Branch; CSO Buffton; CPO
Fischer; CSO Neponen; SGT. Severson; CSO Young;
CSO Meyer; Tom House, Deputy Warden,
United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.
Submitted Nov. 5, 1996.*
Decided Nov. 13, 1996.
NOTICE: Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3 provides that dispositions other than opinions or orders designated for publication are not precedential and should not be cited except when relevant under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, or collateral estoppel.
Before: PREGERSON, REINHARDT, and T.G. NELSON, Circuit Judges.
Mitchell Harrell Jackson, an Arizona state prisoner, appeals pro se the district court's grant of summary judgment for defendants in his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action alleging retaliation in violation of the First Amendment and denial of due process in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment. We have jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review de novo the district court's grant of summary judgment, McGuckin v. Smith, 974 F.2d 1050, 1059 (9th Cir.1992), and we vacate and remand.
Before entering summary judgment, district courts are obligated to advise pro se prisoner litigants that they need to submit responsive evidence to ward off summary judgment. Anderson v. Angelone, 86 F.3d 932, 934 (9th Cir.1996); Arreola v. Angaong, 65 F.3d 801, 802 (9th Cir.1995) (per curiam); Klingele v. Eikenberry, 849 F.2d 409, 411-12 (9th Cir.1988). A review of the district court record in this appeal reveals that the district court failed to provide Jackson with this notice. Accordingly, we vacate the district court's summary judgment and remand to allow the district court to advise Jackson of the Fed.R.Civ.P. 56 requirements and to give him an opportunity to respond adequately to defendants' motion for summary judgment. See Anderson, 86 F.3d at 934.
VACATED and REMANDED.