121 F3d 446 Bonomolo-Hagen v. Clay Central-Everly Community School District
121 F.3d 446
75 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 1284
Karilyn BONOMOLO-HAGEN, Plaintiff-Respondent,
CLAY CENTRAL-EVERLY COMMUNITY SCHOOL DISTRICT, Defendant,
David Holmquist, Defendant-Petitioner.
United States Court of Appeals,
Submitted July 21, 1997.
Decided Aug. 15, 1997.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of Iowa; Donald E. O'Brien, Judge.
Stephen F. Avery, Spencer, IA, for appellant.
Patricia K. Wengert, Des Moines, IA, Charles F. Knudson, Marcus, IA, for appellee.
Before McMILLIAN, BOWMAN, and LOKEN, Circuit Judges.
The District Court, applying precedent from the Northern District of Iowa, and observing that our Court had not yet definitively resolved the question, held that as the plaintiff's supervisor defendant David Holmquist could be held individually liable under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Accordingly, the District Court denied Holmquist's motion to dismiss the plaintiff's Title VII claims against him, but certified the question pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1292(b), thus permitting Holmquist to seek an interlocutory appeal.
Holmquist's petition for permission to appeal is granted, and the District Court's denial of Holmquist's motion to dismiss is reversed. Our Court quite recently has squarely held that supervisors may not be held individually liable under Title VII. See Spencer v. Ripley County State Bank, 123 F.3d 690, 691-92 (8th Cir.1997). Thus the question left open in Lenhardt v. Basic Institute of Technology, Inc., 55 F.3d 377 (8th Cir.1995) (holding that under the Missouri Human Rights Act individual liability may not be imposed on supervisors), has been resolved.
Spencer establishes the law of our circuit. We therefore reverse and remand for entry of an order granting Holmquist's motion to dismiss.