125 F3d 863 United States v. Hartsfield

125 F.3d 863

97 CJ C.A.R. 2152

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee,
Bryan Allen HARTSFIELD, Defendant-Appellant.

No. 96-2281.

United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit.

Oct. 2, 1997.

NOTICE: Although citation of unpublished opinions remains unfavored, unpublished opinions may now be cited if the opinion has persuasive value on a material issue, and a copy is attached to the citing document or, if cited in oral argument, copies are furnished to the Court and all parties. See General Order of November 29, 1993, suspending 10th Cir. Rule 36.3 until December 31, 1995, or further order.

Before BRORBY, EBEL and KELLY, Circuit Judges.




Bryan Allen Hartsfield ("Hartsfield") was sentenced to 188 months' imprisonment as a result of his convictions for conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine, 21 U.S.C. § 846, and possession with intent to distribute cocaine and cocaine base, 21 U.S.C. § 841. His convictions and sentence were affirmed. United States v. Hartsfield, 976 F.2d 1349 (10th Cir.1992). In this motion to vacate, set aside, or correct his sentence pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (1996), he contends that the United States did not have jurisdiction to prosecute him for his drug trafficking offenses because (1) his actions took place within the boundaries of the state of New Mexico, where the federal government has no jurisdiction to punish criminal offenses, and (2) it was the state who initiated the investigation, not the federal government. He also alleges that his counsel was ineffective for failing to contest the district court's jurisdiction. The district court denied the motion and dismissed it with prejudice. (R. 18.) Hartsfield appeals. Because Hartsfield has not made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right, see 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c) (1996), we deny the certificate of appealability and dismiss the appeal.1


Contrary to Hartsfield's arguments, this court has determined that Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 is constitutional; the Commerce Clause allows the United States Congress to prohibit drug trafficking so long as such conduct affects interstate commerce. See United States v. Wacker, 72 F.3d 1453, 1475 (10th Cir.1995), cert. denied, 117 S.Ct. 136 (1996). In addition, it is well established that the federal courts have jurisdiction over federal crimes committed within a state's borders. Further, a federal prosecution may stem from state investigatory activities, if the conduct at issue violates federal law. See, e.g., United States v. Morehead, 959 F.2d 1489, 1499 (10th Cir.1992); United States v. Raymer, 941 F.2d 1031, 1037, 1043 (10th Cir.1991); United States v. Andersen, 940 F.2d 593, 596 (10th Cir.1991). Because Hartsfield's jurisdictional arguments are meritless, counsel cannot be considered ineffective for failing to raise them. See Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 687, 694 (1984).


We find no substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right, so we DENY the certificate of appealability and DISMISS the appeal.


The mandate shall issue forthwith.


After examining appellant's brief and the appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not materially assist the determination of this appeal. See Fed. R.App. P. 34(a); 10th Cir. R. 34.1.9. The case is therefore ordered submitted without oral argument. This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. The court generally disfavors the citation of orders and judgments; nevertheless, an order and judgment may be cited under the terms and conditions of 10th Cir. R. 36.3


As a result of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, Pub.L. No. 104-132 (1996), after April 24, 1996, a prisoner seeking relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 must obtain a certificate of appealability in order to appeal the district court's denial of the § 2255 motion. See 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c) (1996)