PALMENBINGV. BUCHHOLZ. SAME 'U. BAUMAN. SAME V. HOHLWECK.
(Circuit Court, 8. D. New York. October 2, 1882.)
.A. patent for a dummy to display clothing In form, substantially like the wire dUrIunies i-n previous use, but made of papier maw, a material that had been previously used to mal!:e lay figures, representing various personages, many of whom were draped in suitable clothing, cannot be considered as valid because the device is destitute of patentable novcltv.
Frank V. Briesen, for complainant. Frost et Cae, for defendants.
WALLACE, C. J. These Eluits are founded upon letters patent No. 76,394, granted to W. E. Brock, and bearing date April 7, 1868, for an improvement in dummies for displaying clothing. Such devices are nsed by designers and sellers of wearing apparel to test and display the cut, style, and general appearance of the garments.ThEl specification describes the invention to consist of a shell of paper or papier macke, resembling in configuration the body of a human being, with legs and arms, if desired. A head-piece of wood or suitable material is secured in the neck or upper, end of the shell, into which is fitted a vertical supporting shaft, which extends centrally through the shell and is furnished at its lower end with an appropriate base. The shaft is provided with radial braces,which serve to retain the shell in proper position upon the shaft. It is designed to be an improvement upon the wire dummy in ordinary use for displaying clothing, and contains the same parts and arrangement of partR, except that the paper or papier mache shelf is substituted for the skeleton frame of the wire dummy. It is shown by the proofs that paper and papier macke had been used in constructing lay figures representing various celebrated personages, and was well known as a suitable material for that purpose previous to its use by the patentee. These lay figures were hollow, and the paper or papier mache was used to form the shell or exterior surface of the fig ares, but the faces and hands were usually made of wax. They were clothed with costumes appropriate to the personages represented. Inasmuch as the wire dummies did not contain the paper or papier machc shell, and the lay figures did not contain head-piece, shaft
GOTTFRIED V. STAHLMANN.
braces, or base of the patented device, they were not anticipations of it. The proofs show that the patented dummy has commended itself to the public interested in such devices. It is a better model of the human figure, and because of the continuous surface of the shell clothing can be made to fit more accurately upon it than upon the intersticial frame or shell of the wire dummy. But the patent cannot be sustained because the device is destitute of patentable novelty. If the substitution of the paper or papier rrtache for the wire of the shell or frame was obviously practicable, the patentee was not an inventor. If mechanics, skilled in the particular department of construction, could have seen at a glance the feasibility of ,the change, then, although the device may have been mechanically ne,W, it. was not intellectually novel. The paper which was substituted for the wire had been used to make the shell of a figure in imitation of the human body, and the figures in whjch it was thus used had been employed for displaying clothing. The displaying of clothing was not the primary purpose for which these lay figures were intended, but that use was not only suggested, but was very obviously one of the ends in view. Not only, therefore, had the mate.rial that the patentee. substituted for the wire been employed, as he employed it, to make the shell or frame of a figure resembling the human body, but it had also been applied to perform the same office. The new application of an old material to a cognate use will not generally support a pattent, but here it was employed in the same use. The bill in the several cases is dismissed.
and thirteen other cases.
October 23, 1882.1
(Circuit Court, D. Mznnesota.
j?ATENTS FOR INvENTIONS- V ALIDI'l'Y.
The validity of letters patent No. 42580, for a new and improved mode of pitching barrels, sustained on the authority of Gottll'ied v. ih-euung 00. anle, 479.
Banning & Banning, for complainants.
J. B. d': W.H. Sanborn. and C. K. Davis, for defendants.
and NELSON, JJ. At the conclusion of the argument on the final hearing in these cases, the court on consultation were convinced that the v.13,no.12-43 Before
MCCRARY PER CURIAM.