GAMEWELL FIRE-ALARJI-TELEGRAPB: CO. V. CITY Oll' BROOKLYN.
GAMEWELL FIRE.ALARM TELEGRAPH CO.
(Circuit Court, E.
n. New York.
PATENT-LxcENSEFOR PARTICUJ,AR II\VENTION.
The holder of a right to make, use, and vend a patented invention "for the foilowing purposes, and no others,-that is to say, for the purpose of constructing and 1>perating telegraph wires and instruments within the corpol'at,e limits of any of the incollporated, cities or Villages, or other incorporated municipalIties analogous to cities and villages, in any of the states ltI;ld territories of the United States, when said telegraph lines and instruments are used solely by the municipal, authorities for'tire-alarms, or the transmission of police or other municipal intelligencc,"-is merely a licensee for a particular employment of the invention.
SAME-DEMURRER WHERE LEGAL OWNER NOT MADE A PARTY.
In an action by such licensee for infringement, a demurrer on the ground that the owner of the legal title to the patent has not been made a party is well taken.
B. S. Clark, for complainant. Joh.n A. Taylor, corporation counsel, (with whom was Geo. Gif. ford.,) for the city of Brooklyn. WALLACE, C. J. The complainant, by mesQe transfers, is vested with the exclusive right to make, use, and vend, the patented invention "for the following purposes and no others; that is to say, for the purpose of constructing and operating telegraph wires ,and instruments within the corporate limits of any of the incorporated cities or villages, or other incorporated municipalities analogous to cities and villages, in any of the states and territories of the United States, when said telegraph lines and instruments are used solely by the municipal authorities for fire· alarms or the transmission of police or other municipal intelligence." It appears by the bill that the West. ern Union Telegraph Company is the owner of all the right and in. terest in the letters patent which did not pass to the cOplplainant. The bill is demurred to upon the ground that the Western Union Telegraph Company is not made a party to the suit. The rule is un. questionably that where one person has the legal title to the patent, and anotller an equitable right therein, both must be made parties to the suit in an action in equity to restrain infringement. The legal title to a patent is that, and only .that, recognized by the laws of congress which make the monopoly property, and regulate the mode of its transfer.
"Reported by Robert D. & Wyllys Benedict.
The statutory power of assignment, as is said inLittlefield v. Perry, 21 Wall. 205,219, "has been so construed by the courts as to confine it to the transfer of an entire patent, an undivided part thereof, or the entire interest of the patentee or an undivided part thereof throughout a certain 'specified portion of the United States." In that case . there was in one instrument a conveyance of the entire patent, and there was also an instrument, executed concurrently, called a Bupplementary agreement, which contained a reservation of the right of the patentee to apply the invention himself to certain specified purposes. The two instruments were construed as a conveyance of the title to the patent, with a license back from the assignees to the patentee, and upon this construction the assignees were held as vested with the legal title. From the reasoning of the opinion it is evident, if there had never been a transfer of the patentee's right to the limited use of the invention, the interest transferred would not have been considered as vesting the statutory title in the assignees. In the present case the transfer was only of a right to use and vend the inven tion for limited purposes in specified places; the right to use and vend it for general purposes remaining intact until it was conveyed to the Western Union Telegraph Company. The right transferred was not an undivided part of an entire patent, or an undivided part of the entire interest of the patentee in specified terri· tory, but was a segregated right for a particular employment of the merely a licensee, within invention. The complainant was, the rule established in Gayler v. Wilder, 10 How. 477; the right transferred to him being less than that of the entire and unqualified monopoly. ' The case of IngaUs v. Tice, 13 Reporter, 676, is directly in point. the transfer to the complainant was of the sole and exclusive right to sell the patented article in certain specified territory, and as the right of the patentee to make and use the invention did not pass by the instrument, it was held that complainant did not acquire the legal estate, and, the patentee not having been made a party to the suit, a demurrer for that reason was sustained. The demurrer is well taken, and judgment is ordered for defendant, unless complainant, within 30 days, amends his bill by bringing in the Western Union Telegraph Company as a party. The defend· ant is entitled to costs of the demurrer.
ALLEGHENY BASE-BALL CLUB V. BENNETT.
ALLEGHENY BASE-BALL CLUB V. BENNETT.-
(Oircuit Court, W. D. Pennsylvania. November 18,1882.)
EQPITY-SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE-PERSONAL SERVICES.
Respondent, on the third of August, 1882, signed an agreement. in consider. ation of $100, by which he bound himself' to execute a formal contract to give hiEl personal services as a base.ball player to complainant during the season. SUbsequently, respondent refused to sign the formal contract, and was about to sign a contract obligating himself to give his services to a rival base-ball club. Complainaut tiled a bill to compel respondent to execute the formal contract with him as agreed, aud to restrain him from executing the agreement With, and giving his services to, the other club. Jield, on demurrer,that the bill must be dismissed.
In Equity. Bill to enforce compliance with agreement to .enter into contract to give personal services. Bill in equity by the Allegheny Base-ball Club, a. corporation of Pennsylvania, against Charles W. Bennett, a citizen of Michigan, to compel the respondent to execute a formal contract to give his exclusive services as a base-ball player to the complainant during the base-ball season of 1883, and also for an injunction to restrain him from executing a like agreement with the Detroit Base-ball Club, and from performing such services for any other person or corporation than the complainant during the season named. The bill was filed on the fifth day of October, 1882, and was based upon the following written instrument, to-wit:
It is hereby agreed, this third day of August, 1882. between the Allegheny Base-ball Club and Charles W. Bennett. that said Charles W. Bennett hereby promises and binds himself that between the fifteenth and thirty-first days of October, 1882. he will sign a regular contract of the Allegheny Base-ball Club, a chartered company belonging to the American Association of Baseball Clubs. which contract shall bind him to give his services as a base-ball player to said club for the season of 1883, and shall bind said Allegheny Club to pay him the sum of $1,700 for and during such season of 18H3; and in consideration of his agreement to sign such a contract in October, the sum of $100 is now paid to said C. W. Bennett, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged. Witness our hands and seals this third day of August, 1882 THE ALLEGHENY BASE-BALL CLUB, by A. G. PRATT. H. D. MoKNIGHT, President. [Seat] Witness. C. W. BENNETT. [Seat]
The bill averred substantially that the complainant was engaged in the business of playing base-ball for profit, and that by the expeJld.
""From the Pittsburgh Legal Journal.