vieted, the testimony will certainly be considered by the judge who shall be called upon to exercise the large discretion given by the statute in imposing sentence in the case. Let the commission issue as prayed for; the district attorney to be served with the interrogatories to be propounded to witnesses, and to have three days tl;J.ereafter to file cross-interrogatories, and the commission to be returned 10 days before the uext term of this court.
(C'ircuie Ooure, D. Oolorado. October Term, 1882.) 1.
EMINENT DOMAIN-USE OF STREET IN A CITY FOR RAILROAD PURPOSES· RIGHTS OF, OWNERS OF ABUTTING LoTS.
Unde'rsectlon 15, 2, of constitution of the state of Colorado, the owners of lots abutting on a street in a city are entitled to compensation for the use of the street for railroad purposes. '
Whether the title to the street is in the owners of lots or in the city, the rule is the same. Rigney v. City of Chicago, 102 III 64, followed.
S. E. Browne, for plaintiff. Teller, for defendant. Plaintiff set up title to lots 1 to 7, inclusive, in block 1, in Hoyt & Robinson's addition to the city of Denver, fronting, 216 feet on Wewattastreet, on which he had erected a hotel and several dwellinghouses. After thebuildings'were erected, and in September, 1881, defendant laid a railroad track through Wewatta street in front of plaintiff's property, about 18! feet from the sidewalk. The track is above the level of the street, and in itself a considerable obstruction to loaded wagons, and light wagons could not pass over it easily in front of plaintiff's property. But the orossingson either side at Nineteenth and Twentieth streets are convenient for· all vehicles. Two other tracks were laid in Wewatta street, on the opposite side from the plaintiff's property, by other companies which were not parties· to this action. Plaintiff alleged that by the track laid by defendant, and the use made of it, his "facilities for ingress to and from his said hotel and dwelling.housesand lots has been greatly interrupted and cut off, and- his said· hotel and dwelling-houses have been exposed to dam!lige by ure, and the rental value of his property
""From the Colorado Law Reporter.
greatly diminished, and he was subjected to great inconvenience,to his damage in the sum of $15,000." The answer denies most of the allegations of .the· complaint, and alleges that the Colorado Central Railroad Company, in May, 1871, owned a railroad extending from Golden to Denver and elsewhere in the state of Colorado; that the city of Denver then, and ever since that time, owned the said Wewatta street by title in fee" and that on the twenty-fifth day of May, 1871, the city, by ordinance, granted to said Colorado Central the right of way for its track in and through the said Wewatta street. The ordinance was set out in the answer in full, and appeared to be of the scope and effect as stated. It was further alieged that on the first day of March, 1879, the said Colorado Central Railroad Company made .and executed to the defendant a lease of its lines, tracks, rolling stock, and property, and all its franchises, whereby the defendant acquired a right to build its said road in the said Wewatta street. Plaintiff denied that the fee to the said Wewatta street was in the city, and claimed that the dedication of the street to public use by Hoyt & Robinson was an easement only, reserving the fee to the owners of abutting lots. It was undiirstood that this' point would turn on the meaning and effect of certain statutes of the late territory, in force at the time the plat of Hoyt & Robinson's addition was .The put on record, and also on the grant attached to the said case went off on another point, however, and the matter of the ownership of the street was not in any way investigated. It seemed to be conceded, in the replication to the answer and by the trial, that the right of way in Wewatta street was given by ordinance to the Colorado Central Railroad Company, and that the latter company had executed a lease to defendant, as alleged in the answer. But it was contended that this was no defense to the action, because the right and interest of the plaintiff in the street in front of his property is secured to him by section 15 of the bill of rights of the state constitution. Rev. St. 30. That section declares. that "pri vate property shall.not be taken .or for publio or private use without just and although' 'it .hal! been, said that property cannot be "taken,'" Within the meaning of. tbat 'provision, except by an appropriation :of the land itself, no such limitll.tion is applicable to the clause relating to damages! Thebeneficiil.l use of plaintiff's estate embraces the right of ingress and egress, which cannot be withdrawn or obstructed without substantial damage to it.
The use of Wewatta street is therefore a right of property in plaintiff, which if not "taken" is certainly "damaged," within the meaning of the constitution, by the act of defendant in building its road through that street. This point did not arise in the case of the present plaintiff against the Colorado Central Railroad Company, reported in 4 Colo. 154, and that case is not controlling. The question is discussed in Rigney v. Chicago, 102 ill. 64, with the result now suggested. That case is very significant, showing that a change in the phraseology of the constitution of the state of Illinois was intended to enlarge the remedy. Of this opinion was the court, (HALLETT, D. J.,) and the jury was advised that the plaintiff was entitled to damages, and after delib· erating they returned a verdict of $1,850. Several questions relating to the measure of damages are to be considered on motion for new trial
(Ua'rcuit C()Ul't,8. D. Mississippi.
November 29, 1882.)
Gr;rce, for petitioner.
R'188ell and B. B. Boone, for respondent·
'D. J. This is a petition claiming $1.,000 damages of the for the alleged ,;default of fis employes in to stop defendant's passengertrajns'at Marion, a station on the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, of defendant is receiver, to take peti-Reported by B..B. Boone, Esq., of the Mobile, Alabama, bar.