I am, therefore, of opinion that the true and only allowable struction of complainant'apatent .requires that the rollers shall be used in combina.tionwith the independent swinging arms which are described in the specifications, and that complainant 'cannot by the reissue, be permitted to expand the claims of the patent so as to cover all divided or broken pressure rollers; and inasmuch as defendant does not use the swinging arms nor the complainant's combination of those arms with his pressure rollers, there is no infringement. The bill is dismissed for want of equity.
and othere v.
(Circuf" Cowrt,8· .D.
ohio. w. D.
JAnuary 3, 1883.)
PATENTS-PRACTICE ON REFERENCE-PnQDUCTION OF BOOKS ON TION.
Upon a referenceot a patent cause to a master to take an account of damages, etc., one of the c()mplainfW,ta Wstifled as tothe cost of manufacturing and selling the patented article in contrllversy. the number manufactured and sold by his firm, etc. Held, that defendant, upon is entitledto the production of the books of witness' firm, bnt complainants may, if they so elect, withdraw the witness and his testirnonr as far as giveu. '
In Equity. Stem ct Peck, for complainants. Parkinson &; Parkinson, for defendants:. BAXTER, C. J. In this case-which was a suit inequity to enjoin an infringement of the patent therein mentioned, .and for an .account of damages, etc., for alleged part t,hereof-a decree was rendered in complainants' favor, and a master ordered to take alid state the account. John W. Stoddard, one of thecomphdtiants,· appeared before the master and was examined in his own hehalf. After stating that he had been engaged for a long time in manufacturing hay-rakes in accordance with the patent alleged to have been infringed, etc., he proceeded to state what it costs to manufacture and put them on the market, the number manufactured and Bold by his firm during and after defendants' infringement, and the obtained for them. This evidence, it is said, tends to show the extent of defendants' gains and profits, and furnish a basis for esti.Ucported by J. C. Harper, Esq. of the Cincinnati liar.
mating the amount of damages, etc., sustained by the complainants. The defendants then, by way of cross-examination, asked the witness if the firm kept books during the period mentioned, and, if so, if they would sustain his testimony in relation to the cost and quantity of material entering into each rake, the price paid therefor, the cost of making and selling the same, the quantity so made and sold, and the profits realized therefrom, and, if they would, defendant demanded their production before the master. Complainants, through their counsel, objected to the production of said books; and thel'eupon all further action was adjourned until the question raised could be certified to and instructions received from the court in relation thereto. We need not now decide how far the witness' testimony in chief is material to the issues to be decided. But it is manifest that complainants regard it as important and valuable. If it is, then defendant is entitled to test its accuracy. He is not concluded by what the witness has said. If the witness says that the books kept by his firm, recording their daily business transactions, are cOl'1'ect, the defendant, it seems to me, is entitled to their production to verify the truth of the witness' evidence, if he tells the truth, or to contradict him, if he testifies falsely. Complainants may, if they shall elect to do so, withdraw the witness and the testimony thus far given by him. But if they insist on retaining his testimony, and defendant insists on a production of complainant's books, the same will have to be exhibited. This, however, may be as conveniently done in complainant's business office as elsewhere. If complainants will make the exhibit reo quired in their office, they will not be required to produce them al any other place, unless some exigency shall hereafter arise requiring:; their production at some other and different place.
See Wisner v. Dodd, 2 FED. tE.ining the patent.-[REP.
781, for opinion of Justice
ALASKA GOLD .. SILVER MINING 00.
FAULL V. ALASKA GOLD
(Circuit Oourt, D. Oregon. January 4, 1883.)
DEBT DUE BY STOCKHOLDER Tl) CORPORATION.
Judgment was obtained by the plaintiff against the defendant for and an execution thereon as against the defendant returned nulla bona, and served on F. B. Harrington, as a debtor of the defendant,fqr $168.50, on account of unpaid calls or assessments made upon said Harrington-'g shares in the capital stock of the defendant, to which Harrington answered he owed the defendant nothing; but the answer not proving satisfactory to the plaintiff, he procured an order under section 309 of the Code requiring the former to appear before a referee for examination; whereupon the plaintiff sarved written allegations concerning said indebtedness, as provided in section 162 of the Code, to which the garnishee demurred that the court had no jurisdiction, and that the garnishee is not liable in this proceeding. Held, (1) that the proceeding by garnishment under sections 150 and 161-9 of the Code does not authorize a demurrer to the allegations of the plaintiff, but requires an thereto by the garnishee, to which exceptions may be taken for insufficiency;. (2) a due and unpaid call or assessment ullon the shares of a stockholder in the capital stock of a corporation is a "debt" due such corporation, within the purview of section 147 of the Code, and may be collected from such stockholder by a judgment creditor of the corporation by garnishment, under sections 150 and 161-9,
Action to recover money.
Rufus Mallory and .James F. Watson, for plaintiff. James Gleason, for garnishee.
DEADY, D. J. On August 11, 1882, the plaintiff, a citizen of the state. of California, obtained a judgment in this court against defendant, a corporation organized under the laws of Oregon, for $19,002.05, upon which, on November 20th, an tlxecution was issued and returned, as to the defendant, "no property found," and duly served upou F. B. Harrington as a debtor of said defendant, in the sum of $168.50, who thereupon answered that he did not owe the defendant anything. The answer of Harrington not being satisfactory to the plaintiff, he obtained an order from this court, under section 309 of the Code of Civil Procedure, requiring the former to appear before a referee and be examined on oath concerning said indebtedness. Thereupon, on December 15th, the .plaintiff served upon said garnishee written allegations concerning the same, as provided in section 132 of said Code, to which the garnishee, before the referee, demurred (1) that the court had no jurisdiction of the garnishee or the subject; (2) that the facts stated do not show a cause of· action v.14,no.11-42