HUIIIIERSOHLAG M1NUr' GOO· .i.V. WOOD.
H!.MMERSCHLAG MANUF'G CO. 'V. WOOD
(Circuit Court, D. Ma8'llchusetta.
PATENTS FOR INVENTIONS. .
In Equity. , Roscoe Conkling and Louis W. Frost, for complainant. George E. Betton, for defendants. LOWELL, J. The plaintiffs move for an injunction upon an alleged infringement of claim 5 of the reissued patent, No. 8,460, granted to Hammerschlag, for a process of making waxed paper by machinery. Tee original patent has not been furnished me, and I do not understand that any point is made at this time against the reissue as distinguished from the original. This claim was construed and upheld by Judge BLATCHFORD in an elaborate and careful opinion. Hammer-' schlag v. Scamoni, 7 FED. REP.584. He found that the invention was new and useful, and what he calls a pioneer and foundation patent', entitled to a very liberal construction. Similar'evidence of the state of the art is given in this case. This decision was followed in the third circuit in Hammerschlag v. Garrett, 9 FEb. REP. 43. The c1aim in question is as follows:
" The method herein set forth' of waxing paper, consisting in spreading the wax upon the surface, heating the paper from the opposite side to spread and fuse the wax into the fabric of the paper, removing the surplus wax, and remelting and polishing the wax upon the paper, substantially as set forth."
The wax is spread upon the paper,by means of a heated cylinder, which revolves in a bath of melted paraffine. It then passes over a heated ,rollerwhich.diffuses then over a syraperwhich removes the surplus wax, and then over a polishing roller and' is wound upon a reel. The plaintiffs' witnesses describe the defendants'machine as hav-, ing a cylinder revolving in a bath of wax. The defendants' witnesses Bay that it, revolves somewhat above that bath, anduever touches it. Granting this to be so, the defendants have a machine which carries the web of paper under a bar and through a bath of wax, then over a scraper. then between two heated cylinders, and over a roller. The dedefendants' machine, considered as a combination of vices, differs somewhat from that of the patent, and is mote simple ; it gets rid of one cylinder. The principal difference is that it p&sses the web through the bath dil'ectly;instead of passing the cylinder, through it; and then passing the paper over the cylinder. I find,how-, ever, that the wax is spread, equalized,polished, and diffused 1;Iy the clefendants'machine, and if the fifth claim. of rei5.sue 8,460 is to haVE!
the broad interpretation which Judge BLATCHFORD appears to me to give it, it is done in a substantially similar way. I am informed that in the third circuit, on a motion to commit for contempt, the court was not willing to give so great a scope to this claim: but I am further informed that Judge BLATCHFORD has, on a similar motion, explained that he intended to give it this breadth. He is reported to have said that dipping the web itself into a bath of wax, instead of dipping a l1ylinder into the bath and carrying the web over the cylinder, did not escape this fifth claim. As the decision in the third circuit was founded upon that in the second, I should feel more safety, as matter of authority, in following the latter. I am myself of opinion that the claim may and should have this liberal construction. A secoUlipatent to Hammerschlag, No. 209,393, dated October 29, 1878, is also relied on. This patent is out for improvements the; described in the other. It describes, among other things, a fan for cooling the web of paper after it has been passed over the cylinders and before it is wound on the reel. Claim 3 is, "the method herein specified of preparing waxed paper, consisting in transferring the wax to the paper, heating the same to cause its incorporation with the paper,removing the surplus wax, and cooling the paper by a current of ail' before winding the same on a reel, substantially as described. " The defendants' argument insists that the claim incorporates the whole process of reissue 8,460; and, if that process is not infringed, a combination of that process with the use of a fan is not infringed. As I have decided that the premises are unsound, the conclusion drawn from them must fall. Injunction ordered.
LILLIENDAHL and another
DETWILLER and another.
(Circuit Court, D. New Jer8ey. October 17,1883.)
PATENTS FOR INVEN'fIONS-DEMURRER-MULTIFARIOUS BILL.
Courts encourage single suits upon a number of patents to avoid multiplicity of actions; but in such cases the bill of complaint, in order to be maintained, must allege, and the proofs must show, that the inventions emhraced in the several patents are capable of conjoint use, and are so used by the defendants.
F. G. Lowthorp, Jr., and Edwin H. Brown, for the demurrer.
Robert H. Hudspeath, contra. . NIXON, J. The bill of complaint charges the defendants with the infringement of two letters patent,-one, numbered 159,995, for "improvement in torpedo filling machines," and the other, numbered 167,814, for "improvement in torpedo envelope machines." The dedefendants have demurred, and for special ground of demurrer allege
On Bill, etc.