In re BAILEY, Bankrupt.
IDistriot Oourt, W. D. Pennsylvania. June 11, 1880.)
RENT-DISTREss-GOODS OF STRANGER-AuCTIONEER.-The goods of a third person on the premises of an auctioneer for the purpose of sale, are not liable to distress for rent, even although the auctioneer may have made advances thereon for which he may have a lien.
In Bankruptcy. Sur petition! of John Liggett, landlord of the bankrupt, for an order upon the assignee to pay rent. J. H. Baldwin, for assignee. S. Schoyer, Jr., for John Liggett. AOHESON, D. J. There was due the landlord at the date of his petition arrears of rent amounting to $1,000; but it is admitted that since the present application was made the assignee has paid the landlord the amount, viz., $698, realized from the sale of the personal property belonging to the bankrupt which was upon the demised premises at the date of the bankruptcy. But the landlord claims the further sum of $119 now in the assignee's hands. The bankrupt was an auctioneer, and carried on his businesson the demised premises. At the time of his bankruptcy there were upon the demised premises, for sale by the bankrupt as auctioneer, a piano, upon which he had advanced to the owner $48, and some other personal chat· tels, upon which he had advanced freight to the amount of $71. These sums have been paid to the assignee. The landlord claims this money. But upon what principle? If he has a valid claim thereto it must be on the ground that these goods were distrainable for arrears of rent. 'But it is settled law that the goods of third persons upon the premo ises of an auctioneer, for sale, are privileged from distress for rent. Did the fact that the tenant here had made advances upon the goods subject them to distress? I think not. The tenant, at most, had a mere lien. The entire title remained in the owners of the goods It may well be assumed that the owners of the goods selected the bankrupt as their auctioneer on of his
IN RE HICKS.
supposed personal fitness in that department of business. At any rate, he was employed by them to sell their goods at his auction stand, in the course of his busineEls. This was the sole purpose of the bailment. But this purpose was liable to be frustrated if the landlord acquired the right to distrain by reason of the auctioneer's advances j for the right of distress involves the right to take the goods out of the hands of the tenant, and to remove them from the demised premises, and, after appraisement, to sell them. Such proceeding would be wholly inconsistent with the nature of the bailment in this case, and in violation of the rights of the and this whether such sale passed to owners of the the purchaser the entire title to the goods, or an interest therein commensurate with the advances. And now, to-wit, June 11, 1880, it appearing to the court that the assignee has paid to the landlord the net amount realized from the sale of the goods belonging to the bankrupt which were upon the demised premises at the time of the bankruptcy, further relief under the prayer of the landlord's petition is denied' by the court.
(Dutrict Court, S. D. New York.
May 28, 1880.)
OF TJtI!l BANKPUPT
REGI8TER-SUMMONB--TRU8TEE UNDlIlR SECTION
AOT.-A register in bankruptcy baR no power, on the mere application of creditors, to issue a summons for the examination of a trustee, or for the production by him of the books and papers mentioned in the sumwhere such trustee has been dilly appointed under section 43 of the bankrupt act.
'G. H. Crawford,for creditors. C. E. Souther, for trustee. CHOATE, D. J. This case comes up on a certificate from the register requiring the opinion of the cpurt upon the foL lowing facts .stated: This was a proceeding wherein the estate of the bankrupts has been wound up by a trustee, undel: