NA.T. WIRE MA.TTRESS CO. V. NEW YORK BRAIDED-WIllE MATTRESS CO.
duty be done. This provision of the statute is framed according to this view. The court does not decree that the commis8ioner shall issue a patent, but only "may adjudge that such applicant is entitled according to law to receive a patent for his invention as specified in his claim, or for any part thereof, as the facts in the case IDa,y appear. And such adjudication, if it be in favor of the right of the applicant, shall authorize the commissioner to issue such patent," etc. Granting the permission expressed the will of congress, which would be sufficient. Neither the adjudication nor issuing the patent under it will conclude any individual rights. The validity of the patent will be open to trial under the law. But if the patent is not granted no suit for infringement can be brought, and the right to the invention cannot be judicially tested. This jurisdiction has been exercised with· out challenge, except in Prentiss v. Ellsworth, supra. Ellithorpe v. Robertson, 2 Fish. 83. As this case is now considered the jurisdiction upon the consent of the commissioner seems to be ample. The question involved in the case on the merits was purely one of law, requir. ing the production of no models or exhibits, and no personal attend· ance, and might well be submitted anywhere. Whether, under the circumstances, it should be submitted here rested in the discretion of the commissioner. His act, in this respect, is binding upon his successor, like any other lawful act, and it oppresses no one. This ground presents no reason that appears to be sufficient for opening the case. All the grounds now urged on the merits of the application for the patent were fully considered before, and no sufficient reason appears for going over the ground again. The motion is denied.
NATIONAL WIRE MATTRESS Co. 'V. NEW YORK BRAIDED-WIRE MAT'l'RESS Co.
(Uircuit Oourt, S. D, New York.
validity, is infringed by a bed-bottom of wires, linked together at the of diamond-shaped figures, and connected at each end to the ends of the frame by splings.
if restricted within the limits of the original claims which is essential to thei;
Neithe" the first claim of reissued letters No. 5,312 nor reissues 9,919 or 9920
The third claim of reissue 5,312, foran iron corner piece with a flange is void having been substantially anticipated by patent No. 113,559. · ,
In Equity. Charles E. Mitchell and Benj. F. Thurston, for orator Ge01'ge W. Dyer, for defendant.
WHEELER, J. This suit is brought upon the first and third claims of reissued letters patent No. 5,312, granted to the orator as assignee of Andrew Turnbull and Rodolphus L. Webb, for an improvement in bed-bottoms, dated March 4, 1873; and upon reissued letters patent Nos. 9,919 and 9,920, granted to the orator as assignee of Edwin S. Field for improvements in spring bed.bottoms, dated November 1, 1881. The original of the former, which had been previously reissued in No. 5,185, was dated April 9, 1872; and those of the latter were dated May 6, 1873. The defenses are want of novelty, variance between the originals and the reissues, and lack of infringement. The first claim of the Turnbull and Webb reissue was sustained by decree in the district of Connecticut in 1875, and in the district of Massachusetts in 1878, but upon a somewhat different case. The patent of Charles Bigeon, dated January 16, 1872, was not introduced. All these bed·bottoms are made of wire. Wire bed-bottoms suspended on spiral springs attached to the frame of the bed, and bedbottoms made of elastic looped wire, were known before. To have that part of.the bed about an occupant yield and shape itself to the person of the occupant without disturbing other parts of the bed was desirable, as well as a generally yielding surface. Wire bottoms at· tached to the frame of the bed, or bottoms attached to frames suspended on springs, would not give this independent conformation to the person. It could be accomplished by having the longitudinal strands sufficiently yielding without any or but loose connection with each other. Bigeon's patent showed these independent strands, made elastic throughout by being looped. Turnbull and Webb formed them of wire links and rings, and made them elastic by coiled springs at each end, and connected them loosely with one another by transverse links between the rings. This part of their invention consisted really in making the strands elastic at their ends only, instead of throughout, and dividing them into rings and links; or in taking out the end pieces between the horizontal strands llJnd springs to which they were suspended, as shown in the patent of F. Stanley Bradley, No. 74,293, of February 11, 1868, and connecting the springs directly with the strands. The first claim of the original patent was for these springs attached to end-bars and combined with these links. This claim was surrendered, and a broader claim taken for a bed·bottom composed of jointed links, made elastic by the springs. The defendant's bed.bottom has continuous zigzag wires, linked together at the corners of diamond.shaped figures, and connected at each end to the ends of the frame by springs. This claim of this reissue is either too narrow for the defendant's bed, or too broad for the original in· vention and claim. If the defendant might be said to have the com· bination of the spring with the strand to connect it with the end piece, the claim which covered that combination has been surrendered, to make room for the new claim, which does not cover that by itself so as to protect it. The former decrees were not only made without ref-
IIORRIS V. KEMPSHALL MAN UP' GOO.
erence to the Bigeon patent, but when much less strictness in comparing reissued patents with originals was required. The third claim of this reissue is for a corner iron to connect the end pieces with the side rails, and to support the strain upon the end pieces by a flange on the iron extending nearly to the top of the end pieces, against which they bear directly. This flange, without reference anywhere to other parts of the iron, or mode of attachment of the iron to the rails, is the distinctiYe feature of this claim. A similar flange for the same purpose is shown in the prior patent of George C. Perkins, No. 113,559, dated April 11, 1871. If there is any difference as to this patented feature of the flange, it consists in making the flange sufficiently lower than the top of the end piece, to be out of the way of the attachments of the springs. The difference of con· struction would be so obvious to any competent mechanic as not to amount to a patentable invention. The original of the first Field reissue was for a netting composed of V-shaped links hooked together in a peculiar manner, and a link for forming the straight edges of the netting. The links made diamondshaped figures. The reissue is for the combination in a bed-bottom of rails, end pieces, springs, and netting, composed of continuous diamond-shaped figures, and for the netting and links of the original. The original patent would not cover anything in the defendant's bed. What cover anything in it is merely expansion of the original, and, as now understood, void. The original of the second Field reissue was for peculiar links as a component part of a bed-bottom, and a bed-bottom composed of such links. The reissne is for connected and continuous zigzag wires connected with end rails by springs in a bed-bottom. There is nothing in this reissue, that is not an expansion from the original, which would coyer anything in the defendant's structure. The result is that the defendant does not infringe anything that is valid in any of the orator's patents in controversy. Let there be a decree dismissing the bill of complaint, with costs.
MORRIS V. KEMPSHALL MANUF'a
(Circuit Oourt. D. Oonnecticut.
April 30, 1884.1
Patent No. 212,487 issued to Morris for an improved sash-fastener, the char. acteristic features of which are the elevated notched plate and hinged pemt.lnt, is not infringed by the subsequent patent issued to Sparks having a notched flange at the top of the pivotal post above the sweep and pivoted latch.