PLETCHER V. NEW ORLEANS N. E. B. 00.
equity the orator is entitled to take the bill, so far as the matter of these exceptions is concerned, as confessed. The exceptions are again allowed, and leave to ta.ke 1:>0 much of bill as confessed, granted.
a.nd others v. NEW
N. E. R. Co. v.
N. E. R. Co.1
(Oircuit ouurt, E. D. Loui.iana. March,1884.)
A motion to dissolve an injunction restraining a forfeiture, for the enforcement of which an action at law has been instituted, must depend upon the reBult of the action at law; i. 6., upon whether it shall be tinally determined in the suit at law that the forfeiture must be enforced. A suit in equity cannot be maintained to have a forfeiture declared. The universal doctrine is that equity will relieve from, but never inflict, a forfeiture.
The commission of waste of every kind will be restrained in equity till the rights of the parties are determined. The equitahle jurisdiction of the circuit courts is the same in every state; it II Dot ousted by the fact that a local statute gives a peculiar remedy at law.
Thomas J. Semmes, J. Carroll Payne, Henry J. Levvy, and Ernest B. Kruttschnidtt, for complainants in first case, and respondents in
the last case.
Robert Matt and Walter D. Denegre, for the respondents in the first ease, and complainants in the last case. BILLINGS, J. These cases are submitted on a motion to dissolve an injunction in the first case, and a motion for an injunction in the second case. The facts necessary to state are briefly these:
The complainants in Lhe first cause hold a builder's contract with the respondents for the construction of some 20 miles of trestle-work upon their road. In round numbers, some million of dollars had been paid to them by the railroad company, the respondents, of which amount sixty or sixty-five thousand dollars had been retained under the contract. A.t this stage of the work, and when the same was nearly completed, a difference arose between the railroad and the builders upon two points or particulars: First, the railroad contended that some $10,000 of the trestle-work should be rebuilt by the builders, inasmnch as they claimed that it had been destroyed by fire through their negligence, and before the road was accepted by the railroad company; and, secondly, that the fenders, the cost of which would be $10,000, should, by the contract, be built by the builders. The railroad gave the seven days' notice required by the contract, and at the end of that time were about tak. lng possession of the creo,sote works, the material, and the so-called plant, aa
lReported bl Joseph P. Hornor, Esq.· orthe New Orleau Dar.
'forfeited under the contract, when the builders sued out an injunction in one of the district courts of the state in a cause which has since been transferred to this court. The builders also instituted a suit at law in this court for $265,000, for work done and for damages for the defaults of the railroad company. This third suit was instituted by the railroad company, seeking to enforce the forfeiture, both as respects the money claimed by the builders and of the personal property, setting up the insolvency of the builders, and the apprehension that they will sell and dispose of the property against which the forfeiture is sought to be enforced, and asking an injunction, which is asked pendente.lite,<and which motion is the second submitted.
NOB'fHERN R. CO. V. OGDENSBURG & L. C. lI.. 00.
as a condition of the injunction order which they themselves have obtained, to require that they should not sell or remove the property before the question of forfeiture is determined. It is true that on the law side uf the court there might be a sequestration of the property under the statute of Louisiana. But that does not defeat or impair the right of the complainant to an injunction in a case clearly authorizing that writ according to the principles of equity. "The equitable jurisdiction of the circuit courts is the same in every state; it is not ousted by the fact that a local statute gives a peculiar remedy at law." See Brightly, Dig. "Equity," II, vol. 1, p. 283, No. 77, and numerous cases cited. enforce the forfeiture in this suit, nor by The complainant any suit in equity. To do that he must seek it either in the suit at law which the defendant has instituted or a separate suit at law. He is entitled to an injunction to prevent defendant from selling, disposing of, or incumbering property, or removing it from the jurisdiction of this court, until the right to maintain the forfeiture is determined in a suit at law. To that extent alone the injunction is allowed, the complainant giving a bond with security in the sum of $10,000. If it should be made to appear by either party that a sale of any of the property is requisite, the court will direct it, and will order the proceeds to be put into the registry of the court, or will allow the defendants to sell upon giving adequate security. The decree is made in this form because the defendants seemed to stand, in the argument, upon their suit at law, but if they shall so elect they will have leave to have the question as to the forfeiture determined in the suit in equity, in which case they must reform their bill so as to state fully the grounds upon which the equitable relief is sought.
OF NEW HAMPSHIRE V. OGDENSBURG &
L. C. R. CO.l
(Uircuit Court, D. New Hampshire.
PRACTICE-CRoss-BILL IN LIEU OF ANSWER.
April 29, 1884.)
Permission given by court for a cross-bill to be filed, by consent, instead of the defendant bringing up the reformation of the contract between the companies by way of answer to the original bill. In the event of success in reforming the contract the plaintifl' must pay costs up to this time.
In Equity. J. H. Benton, Jr., for complainants. S. Bartlett and Wallace Hackett, for defendants. LOWELL, J. Both parties being of opinion that it is morareguln.r to file a cross-bill than to bring up the proposed reformation of the
815, for former opinion on this question and statement of casco