of defendant's grantors, it did not thereby take precedence as a prior lien. The mechanic's lien operated as such from the time of furni.shing the materials. which commenced August 22, 1876, arid the statutory steps necessary to complete and perfect it being pursued, the plaintiffs acquired, by forecl()sure of the mortgage and purchase at the sale, no right to eject the defendant Volmer from the premises. The plaintiff in this case, standing in the position of a subsequent incumbrancer to 'the lien of the defendant Volmer's grantors, which has never been paid, is not entitled to recover in this proceeding. It is not necessary to decide at this time whether a bill to redeem will lie. Theca-ses cited from Indiana and Illinois are not decisive of an.loterpretation of the mechanic's lien law of Minnesota. The objections of the plaintiff to the validity of the proceedings. etc., taken at the trial, are overruled. Judgment will be entered in favor of the defendants.
CENTENNIAL MUT. LIFE ASS'N.1
(Oircuit Oourt, E. D. Mi"ouri. September 24, 1884.)
lNSURANCE-IM:rLIED CoNTRACT OF MARRIAGE.
Action On Policy of Insurance. Hugo Muench, for plaintiff. Davis &; Davis, for defendant. BREWER, J., (orally.) Two defenses are interposed in this case: First, that the complainant was not the wife of the insured, and had no insurable interest; and, second, that in the application for the icy the insured represented himself as a steam-boat man, whereas, as a matter of fact, he was a gambler by profession. In reference to the first question, the testimony indisputably shows that for 10 years prior to the death of the insured he and the complaiaant lived together as husband and wife. There was no ceremony at the institution of that relation, but they lived together as husband
Reported by Benj. F. Rex, Esq., of the St. Louis bar.
SHELLEY V.ST. CHARLES COUNTY COURT.
and wl1e continuously during those years in tile same Ilome, recognized as such by each other and by all in whose society they lived, he provide ing as husband for her and she taking care of the household duties, both visiting her friends and being introduced, when with them or travel· ing, as husband and wife. While in that relation he took out an in· surance in her name as Mrs. Nellie Brooks. The mere name cannot change the fact of the mutual relations of the parties. The fact that no ceremony took place at the time the relation was entered upon does not prevent them, under the decisions of this court, as well as the supreme court of the state, from being adjudged as hus. band wife; and, being in such a relation, she had an insurable interest, and can maintain this action. As far as the other dMense is concerned, that he was 8 gambler instead of a steam-boat man, the facts are that he had been a steam· boat man, but, perhaps, during the last few years prior to his death, had ceased to go up and down the river. But that fact was known to ,the company at least as early as May 24, 1883. After that it sent its notices for assessment, which were directed to him and paid by her, and thus the knowledge of the fact, even if a material fact, and such as to vitiate the policy, having been brought home to the com· pany, any objection on that account was waived by it. Indeed, it is questionable whether, under the statutes of the state of Missouri, reo ferred to by counsel in his brief, that otherwise would constitute any defense, because it does not appear that it was material to the risk, and no tender of moneys received on account of the policy was made by answer or on the trial. The decree, therefore, will go for the complainant as prayed.
ST. CHARLES COUNTY COURT
and another. J
(Circuit Court, E. D. Missouri. September 20. 1884.\
MUNICIPAL BONDS-BONDS NOT" ORDERS."
Bonds issued under the act of the general assembly of Missouri concerning the reclamation of swamp lands, approved March 14, not" orders" or warrants within the of section 8 of the act of March 3, 1869, and are payable at maturity, regardless of the order of their presentation for payment.
SAME-PROMOTION OF SUITS FOR COLLECTION OF TAXES-EQUITABLE LIEN.
The fact that delinquent taxes, levied for the payment of county bonds of a certain class, have been collected and paid into the county treasury through the instrumentality of an attorney, acting for a holder of bonds of that class, does not entitle such bondholder to a lien upon the funds so collected,
Demurrer to return.