ARGUED AND DETERMINED
(Circuit Court, E. D. Terca8. October 2, 1884.)
REMOVAl. OF OAUBE-OLA,lM OF PROPERTY TAKEN UNDER ExEOUTION- FROM STATE COURT-STATUTORY PROCEEDING.
On September 26, 1S'17, F., L. & Cn. recovered a money jUdgment against B., in Howie county, Texas. Some years afterwards, an execution issued upon' that judgment and was levied upon a stock of goods in Texarkana. Under the statute law of Texas, D. filed her oath and claim bond, and took the property levied upon as her own. F., L. & Co. then filed their petition for removal of the proceeding by D. into the United States circuit court, they being non-residents, and the same was granted. When the cause came dn to be heard in the United States court, D. moved to remand the cause. Held, that this proceeding was not such a "suit" as could be rem,Oved into the federal court unll"ss the original suit had remained uudetermined and was also removed with it.
Motion to Remand. Culberson x Culberson, for the motion, cited 16 Wall. 190; 19 FED. REP. 49; 4 Dill. 557; 99 U. S. 80; 10 FED. REP. 406. Todd et Hudgins and Geo. T. Todd, contra. SABIN, J. In this case it is urged that the same has been improp. erly removed to this cuurt, the same not being a "suit" within the terms of thfl act, and that it is virtually an appendage to the suit of Flash" Lewis et Co. v. R. Bruhn, No. 1,654, wherein judgment was rendered September 26, 1877, in the district court of Bowie county, . Texas. In the state courts this class of proceedings is virtually recognized as a "suit," and so generally understood and considered by . the public anrl the profession; but the question seems to be whether, in point of fact, it is such a "suit" as can be removed to this court. being a proceeding authorized by statute for the trial of the right of property. At first I was very much inclined to think that it was, and but for the authorities adduced should have so held. Upon the examination of authorities, however, I find that it seems to be settled that it is not such a suit as can be removed into this court unless the v.22F,no.1-1.
original suit had remained undetermined, and was likewise with this removed to this court. Th'e case of Bank v. Turnbull, 18 Wall. 190, seems to control this case. The practice in Virginia, it, is true, is somewhat different from that in our state, as there the claimant intervenes in the suit and gives two different kinds. of bonds, and here he files an affidavit and gives but one kind bf bond; but in all other respects it seems to be very similar to ours, and the reasoning of the court in that case is applicable to our own, and it seemsto me that I ought to be bound by that decision .and decide this case . in accordance therewith. The court, in'that case, say:
"Conceding it to be a suit and not essentially a motion, we think it was merely auxiliary to the original action,-a graft upon it, and not an independent and separate litigation. A judgment had been recovered in the original suit, final process was levied upon the property to satisfy it, the property was claiml\d by'furnbull &00., and this proceeding, auth.orized by the laws of VirgtIlia, resorted to to settle the question whether the property ought to be so applied. The contest could not have aris,en but for the judgment and execution, and tbe satisfaction of the former would have at ance extinguished tlle controversy between the parties. 'fhe proceeding was necessarily instituted in the court whHl'e the jUdgment was rendered and whence the execu'; tion issued. No other court, aceording to the statute, could have taken jUrisdiction. It was provided to enable the court to determine whether its process had, as was claimed, been misapplied, and what right and justice should be done touching the property in the hands of its officer. It was intended to enable the court, the plaintiff in the original action, and the claimant, to reach the final and proper result,-a process at once speedy, informal, and inexpensive.' Thnt it was only auxiliary and incidental to the original suit is, we think, too elear to require discussion."
See also authorities cited by the court. 19 FED. REP. 49, (Circuit Court, The case of Poole v. D. Minnesota, December 13, 1883,) has been also cited in support of the motion to dismiss in this case, and seems also to be in point. The case now before me is one where a judgment having been rendered some years since in the State district court of Bowie county, Texas, in favor of these plaintiffs, Flash, Lewis & Co., and against one A. Bruhn, and an execution having been levied upon personal property, the same was claimed by H. J. Dillon, and affidavit and bond filed, and returned with the execution and inventory and appraisement of the property levied upon in the possession of the defendant in the execution. After which the plaintiffs in the execution remove their cause against H. J. Dillon, claimant, before the trial of the right of property, to this court. The clerk, it is true, certifies up a copy of all the proceedings in cases No. 1,654 and No. 1,956, (Flash, Lewis cJ: Co. v. A. Bruhn, Defendant, and Flash, Lewis cJ: Co. v. H. J. Dillon, Claimant,) from which it appears that the judgment in the original case was rendered September 26, 1877, and that the alias execution, by virtue of which the levy was made, was dated the twenty-fourth day of January, 1882, the first one having l'een issued
WILSON l'. B'r. LOtl,IS, ·. S. 1'. BY. 00.
the fourteenth of November, 1877. The plaintiffs, in their petition for removal, simply seek to remove the suit or proceeding between them and the claimant, it being conceded that no removal could .be had of the original suit against A. Bruhn, the SMIle having been fully determined in the state court. But it is claimed by plaintiffs that the suit or proceeding against H. J. Dillon, claimant, is an independent proceeding, and not been heard and determined in said state court can be and hoo.rd in this court; all of which, it seems to me, depends upon the ruling of the supreme court of the United States before referred to, and in accordance with which this case must be decided. It seems to me that this cause must be remitted to the district court of Bowie county, Texas, from whenctl it came; and it is 80 ordered.
& S. F. By. Co. and others.!
(Oircuit Court, E. D. Mi88ouri.t:leptember 25,
REMOVAL OF CASES BY A PARTY WHERE Co-DEFENDANT OR CO-PLAINTIFB' IS NOT ENTPI'LED '1'0 REMOVAL.
Where anpn-resident party has an interest in a controversy in a state court which i6 separate and disMnct from, and does not necessarilyinvol"6 the interest of, the other d,efendants in the issue or the other party on the same side, he can rem0106 the case into the federal court; but if the interests of the parties on the sitle of thJl party desiring t1:.e removal are so identified and mixed up that they must and should be decided together, and the final decree must depend upon and involve the rights of both parties, then it cannot be removed, where orre of the parties on that side is a citizen of the same state as the adverse party.
A., after recovering a judgment against B., a corporation, had an execution returned l1//,uZa bona, and then took proceedings under the Missouri Jaw to BfJ.bject the stockholders.to personal liability, and in those proceedings obtained an order against C., and had an executioo issued again.st him, under which the sheriff levied upon and soJd certain shares of stock standing in C. 's name on the books of a cor.poration D. A. purchased some of the stock and rec6ived certificates of sale from the shel'iff, and finding the stock unavailable because D. would not recognize him as a stockholder, he instituted suit in the state court to compel D. to acknowledge him as the owner of the stock, to have it re!ristered in h& name on the company's books, and to permit him to receive dividends, and he made C. a party on the ground that the stock stood in his name on D.'s books, C. filed an answer claiming that he had sold said stock and delivered the certificates therefor to the purchaser prior to the time said judgment was rendered against him and had no interest in tho stock at the time of said sheriff's sale and has none now. D. and A. are citizens of Missouri, C. of New York, and, the case having been removed to this court, A. moved to remand it, held that, under the role as above stated, the case must be remanded.
Semble, that remanded cases, if taken up, are advanced and heard out of their order in the snpreme G:ourt, on motion.
PRACTICE IN SUPREME QOURT AS TO REMANDED CASER.
lReported by Benj. }'. Rex, Esq., of the St. Louis bar.