GRAND RAPIDS & I. B. 00.
BURGER tl. GRAND
RAPms & I. R. Co.
(Uirc/tit Court, D. Indiana.
JURISDICTION OF CIRCUIT COUllT-CONBOLIDATED RAILROAD CoRPOltATIONOITIZENBHIl'·
SAME-CAUSE OF ACTION ARISING IN MICHIGAN.
Demurrer to Plea in Abatement.
D. At. Ninde, for plaintiff.
. FEDERAL REPORTER.
non-resident corporations may be served with process from United States courts in other dis.tricts than those in which they were chartered, and where they are found to be doing business or domiciled. But this rule would not, we suppose, extend to a case like the present."
In the other case it was decided that such a company, when sued in one of the states in which it had been organized, by a citizen of that state, cannot, by showing its organization in another state, procure a removal of the cause from the state to the federal court;' and discussing the question, HAMMOND, J., said:
" It may be a test of the soundness of the judgment here rendered to consider whether, under its operation, itwould be competent for this consolidated corporation to ignore its Kentucky existence, and, describing itself as a corporation under the laws of Louisiana, sue a citizen of Kentucky in this court, (sitting in Kentucky,) or whether a citizen of Kentucky, ignoring the Kentucky statutes, might sue it in this court as a Louisiana corporation 'found' within this district; and, if either be admissible, why the same right to choose the capacity in which it shall conduct the litigation does not exist in favor of the right of removal when sued in the state courts."
In other cases besides the Nashua et L. Corp. v. Boston et L. Corp., already cited, it has been held that a corporation organized and consolidated under the laws of two states, describing itself as a corporation of anyone of them, and ignoring the statutes of the other, may sue a citizen of toe latter in the federal court there sitting. St. Louis, A. et T. H. R. Co. v.Indianapolis et St. L. R. Co. 9 Biss. 144; Chicago et N. W. R. Co. v. Chicago et P. R. Co. 6 Biss. 219. And in respect to the other phase of the proposed test, the view expressed by Judge NELSON has already been quoted. In the opinion of the supreme court in the case of Railway Co. v. Whitton, 13 Wall. 271, 283, followed and reaffirmed in Muller v. Dows, 94 U. S. 444,448, language is used which points to the same conclusion, and, if taken literally, does not admit of a different meaning. The defendant in the case was a consolidated body made up of corporations of Illinois and Wisconsin, and the court said:
"The defendant, therefore, must be regarded for the purposes of this action as a citizen of Wisconsin. But it is said, and here the objection to the jurisdiction arises, that the defendant is also a corporation under the laws of Illinois, and therefore is also a citizen of the same state with the plaintiff. The answer to this position is obvious. In Wisconsin the laws of Illinois have no operation. The defendant is a corporation, and as such a citizen of Wisconsin by the laws of that state. It is not there a corporation or a citizen of any other state; being there served it can only be brought into court as a citizen of that state, Whatever its status or citizenship may be elsewhere."
While at common law a corporation may not migrate, but must dwell in the place of its creation, and cannot be sued elsewhere, yet under the laws of congress and of the states it may exercise its authority in a foreign tenitory upon such conditions as may be prescribed by the'law of the place. "One of these conditions may that it shall consent to be sued there. If it do business there it will be presumed to have assented, and will be bound accordingly. For