228 F2d 892 Pennington v. Government of Guam
228 F.2d 892
Robert PENNINGTON, Appellant,
The GOVERNMENT OF GUAM, Appellee.
United States Court of Appeals Ninth Circuit.
Dec. 19, 1955.
Duffy & O'Connor, Agana, Guam, Thomas M. Jenkins, San Francisco, Cal., for appellant.
Howard D. Porter, Atty. Gen., Leon D. Flores, Island Atty., Louis A. Otto, Jr., Deputy Atty. Gen., Government of Guam, Agana, Guam, for appellee.
Before STEPHENS, HEALY and POPE, Circuit Judges.
Appellant was convicted in the District Court of Guam of the commission of a criminal offense under § 286 of the Penal Code of Guam which was punishable by imprisonment for not less than one nor more than ten years. As in the case of Hatchett v. Government of Guam, 9 Cir., 212 F.2d 767, the prosecution was based upon an information without any indictment by grand jury. At the trial appellant moved to dismiss the information on the ground that the court was without jurisdiction to try the case in that there was no indictment by grand jury.
Out decision in Hatchett v. Government of Guam, supra, as well as that in Pugh v. United States, 9 Cir., 212 F.2d 761, require that appellant's motion should have been sustained. And for the reasons stated in Putty v. United States, 9 Cir., 220 F.2d 473, the attempted amendment of the Organic Act of Guam on August 27, 1954, 48 U.S.C.A. § 1421 et seq. (set out at length in that case) cannot operate retroactively to confer a jurisdiction which the trial court lacked when appellant was convicted on September 18, 1953.
The judgment is reversed.