WESTERN UNION TEL.
and others v.
& O. TEL.
TEI,IWRAPH COMPANIES-ExCLUSIVE PHIVILEGES-PUBLIC POLICY.
A contract granting any person or company t.b'J exclusive privilege to do telegraphing upon or along any railroad is contrary to public policy, and void. This doctrine applied to Belt Hailroad & Stock-yards at Indianapolis.
Application for Temporary Restraining Order. Butler cf; Mason, for complainants. Harrison, Miller cf; Elam, for defendants. WOODS, J. Upon the facts, as deduced from bill and answer, it seems to me that the contract between the plaintiffs, in so far as it stipulates for an exclusive right on the part of the Western Union to do telegraphing business at and from the stock-yards, and especially in and from "the principal office" of the Union Railroad Trans· fer & Stock-yard Company, is illegal as being against public policy. To say that the cases in which this doctrine has been enunciated do not apply, or that the doctrine itself does not apply, to a contract for an exclusive right in respect to a. particular building, such as the one in question is shown to be, would, as it seems to me, be unreasona· ble. Of the particular rooms, or parts of the building, leased to it, the· Western Union Telegraph Company is, of course, entitled to the exclusive occupation and use; but, in respect to other parts, or rooms, of which it acquiled and attempted to acquire no use or right of possession, the effort to restrict or limit the uses to which they should ba put by others in competition with that company is clearly obnoxious to the doctrine, now well established, that an exclusive privilege to do telegraphing upon or along any railroad cannot be given to any person or company. W. U. Tel. Go. v. Amer. W. Tel. Go. 9 Biss. 72; W. U. Tel. Co. v. Burlington cf; S. W. Ry. Co. 3 McCrary, 130; S. C. 11 FED. REP. 1; W. U. Tel. Co. v. Baltimore cf; O. Tel. Co. 19 FED. REP. 660; Pensacola Tel. Co. v. W. U. Tel. Co. 96 U. S. 1; W. U. Tel. Co. v. Amer. U. Tel. Co. 65 Ga. 160; S. C. 38 Amer. Rep. 781; Rev. St. § 3964. If, therefore, there is any ground upon which the injunction prayed for can issue, it must be because the defendant has, without right previously acquired, entered upon the right of way and lands of the defendant, the Union Railway, Transfer, etc., Co., and erected its poles thereon. But of this wrong. if it be a wrong, for which an injunction might issue, the Western Union Telegraph Company, for the· reason already stated, either by itself or jointly with its co-plaintiff, has no right to complain; and in respect to its co-plaintiff the answer shows that its name as plaintiff has been used by the telegrallh company under and by virtue of the provision to that effect in the contract be" tween the two companies, and that otherwise the suit is not prosecuted
NAT. BANE ". YIOPJrllDlJlL
at the instance or for the benefit of tbe BeIt Railroad & Stock-yard Company, but solely at the instance and for the benefit of the Western Union Telegraph Company. Even if, therefore, the Belt Railroad & Stock-yard Company, in.a suit in its own name and for its own benefit, might enjoin such use of its land by the defendant until the right should be condemned and paid for, in accordance with the constitution of the state, the relief ought not to be granted in this action. Qucere, whether or not, as against the Belt Road & Stock-yard Company, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company, under its lease, has not the implied right to carry a telegraph wire or wires into its office, in the building in question, for purposes incident to its own business; and if so, to erect on the Jands and right of way of that company the necessary poles. If it had these rights, as I am inclined to believe it had, it could employ (as in fact it did employ) the defendant telegraph company to do the work for it, and this would be a complete defense to the action as predicated upon the constitutional provision against the appropriation of property without compensation first duly assessed and paid, and leave the case to stand wholly upon the contract for an exclusive privilege, which, as we have seen, cannot be permitted. The application for a temporary restraining order is therefore over. ruled.
MARKET NAT. BANK and others v.
(Circuit Court, E. D. Virginia. 1.
ASSIGNMENTS FOR BENEFIT OF CREDITORS-How FAR VALID.
A, deed of assignment may be valid as to bona fide debts which it secures, and void as to fictitious and fraudulent debts attempted to be secured thereby.
An insolvent partnership makes a deed or assignment of specific property to a trustee, which provides for the payment equally and without preference of certain alleged creditors named in Schedule A, with the amounts purporting to be due them, and provides that, after the payment in full of the creditbts in Schedule Aof the amounts stated to be due them, certaincreditorg in Schlldule B shall be paid the amounts therein stated to be due them. Held: (1) That the deed conveyed integral amounts to a series of integer creditors, and its provisions were several by the terms of the grant; (2) that as it did not provide forthe contingency of some of the debts in Schedule A being fictitious, which they in fact proved to be, the amounts which were intended for them were not disposed of by the deed, remained in the grantor as to attacking creditors, and were SUbject to their claims.
OF ASSIllNMENT, .
That deeds of assignment giving preferences are to be construed strictly, and courts of equity will not interpolate phrases to carry out a possible intent to give preferences otherwise than as expressed. That a successful attack by creditors upon a deed of assignment does not en. large its operation as to those who claim under it,
4.SAME-8ETTING ASIDE ASSIGNMENT-EFFECT.