broadly than the claims of the original. The reissue was applied for more than four and one-half years after the original was granted. The reissue was taken solely to enlarge the claims. The descriptive parts of the two specifications are alike. The claims are enlarged and generalized. The defendants' apparatus does not infringe any claim of the original patent, and, therefore, does not infringe any claim of the reissue, properly construed. The first claim of the reissue discards the short pipe of the first claim of the original, which short pipe is not found in the defendants' apparatus. The other claims of the reissue mnst be construed as discarding the short pipe, in order to make out infringement. The short pipe is an element in each of the claims of the original patent. There must be a decree for the defendants as to the second Blessing patent.
SPOONER v. DaRN and another.
(Circuit Court, N. D. Illinois.
July 27, 1885.)
PATENTS FOR INVENTIONS-NOVELTy-SPOONER BABy-JUMPERS.
Pat.ent No. 138,209, granted April 22, 1873, to Alvah .I!'. Spooner, for an improved baby-jumper, held valid.
Patl'ut No. 138,2u9, granted April 22, 1873, to Alvah .I!'. Spooner, for an improved lIaby-jumper compared with the device constructed under the Raymond patent, and held infringed thereby.
In Equity. Manahan r1: War'd and Chas. II. Roberts, for complainant. Saml. Kerr, for defendant. BLODGETT, J. The complainant in this case seeks an injunction and accounting against defendants for the alleged infringement of patent No. 138,209; dated April .J2, 1873, issued to Alvah P. Spooner, for an "improvement in baby-jumpers." The leading feature of the device covered by this patent is an iron rod, to the lower end of which a wooden saddle is fixed, upon which the child is seated, and to which a band is fastened for the purpose of holding the child in place; said rod having a rearward curve above the band for the purpose of allowing free action of the child's head, or, in other words, so that the suspending rod shall not interfere with the head or upper part of the child's body. This rod is attached to the suspension straps in such a manner that the whole structure swings vertically, and the child, being seated in the saddle, and duly fastened by the waistband or straps, is enabled to use its feet and legs for the purpose of giving motIOn to the jumper. The first claim of the patent is "the frame, a, formed of a halfround metal bar in the shape shown, with bend, a, and ring, b, and
the saddle, B, substantially &s and for the purposes herein set forth." The defendants deny infringement, and deny the validity of complainant's patent for want of novelty. The defendant's device, which is constructed under a patent issued to one Raymond, consists of a seat, or saddle, suspended in a frame formed by a bifurcated or double wire or rod, curved substantially in the same manner as the single rod in the Spooner device; and it seems to me that it substantially embodies the principle and mode of operation shown in the Spooner patent. The saddle differs slightly from that shown by Spooner, but only to such an extent as to be allowed as a mechanical change, while the curvature or rearward bend of the suspending rod shown by Spooner is exactly imitated in the double suspending rod of the defendant. Upon the question of novelty reference is made to a large number of prior devices, but an examination of them fails to disclose any device embodying in principle the backward-curved suspension rod of the Spooner patent; and, from the proof, I feel compelled to say that Spooner seems to have been the first to adopt this mode of suspending the device for seating the child. 'l'hat the defendant's device, under the Raymond patent, is more ornate than the simple and plain device shown in the complainant's patent, is probably true, and possibly the Raymond device might have been entitled to a patent as an improvement upon that of complainant; but it manifestly appropriates the essential feature and elements of the complainant's patent. I must therefore find for the complainants, and direct a reference to a master to take an account of damages.
RUBEL v. TUCKER and others.
(Oircuit COU1·t, S.
PATENTS FOR INVENTIONS - INTEUFERENCE OFFICE-REV. St. § 4918.
EFFECT OF DECISION OF PATENT-
In a suit between interfering patentees under Rev. St. § 4918, the decision of the 'patent-office in favor of one of the parties is not res adjudicata upon the question of priority of invention between them, and a bar to further litigation in the circuit court.
In Equity. G. Willis Betts, for complainant. J. P. Fitch, for defendants. WALLACE, J. The complainant, as owner of letters patent No. 275,092, issued to him as assignee of Taylor, April 3, 1883, files his bill alleging interference between his patent and a patent issued to William A. Tucker, No. 305,336, September 30, 1884. The prayer for relief is that the latter patent he declared void because of the a1-