(Oircuit Court, W. D. Missouri, W. D. October Term, 1885.)
SUBltOGATION - ADMINISTRATOR'S SALE-MORTGAGES- HOMESTEAD RIGHTS OF WIFE-NOTICE.
In Chancery. Wm . .4.. Wood, for complainant. L. II. Waters, for defendants. KREKEL, J. From the pleadings and evidence in this case it appears that in 1871 Burnsides and wife were living upon 60 acres of land in Livingston county, Missouri. While so living they borrowed $300 of school money of the county of Livingston, and secured it by giving a mortgage upon their homestead. Burnsides, not long after the giving the mortgage, died, and his wife administered on the estate. Burnsides, being indebted aside for the school money borrowed of the county, an order of the probate court was in due time made, directing the administrator to sell the land to pay debts, which she did, selling all the right, title, and claim of the deceased. At this sale, in 1875, one Bell became the purchaser, and he on the same day sold the land to one O'Dell, subject to the county mortgage. O'Dell afterwards substituted his own mortgage for the one of Bell; and had the original mortgage of Burnsides released. After this 0' Dell reBold the land to Bell, subject to the county mortgage O'Dell had given. Bell, being again the owner of the land, applied for a loan to the present plaintiff, and obtained it; so much of the loan as was necessary to pay the Livingston county debt being applied in that way,
Reported by Robertson Howard, Esq., of the St. Panl bar.
I,EWIS V. CHITTICK.
and the balance paid to Bell, who, to secure the loan, gave a mortgage upon the land in controversy. No notice was taken in all of these transactions of Mrs. Burnsides' rights. The title to the homestead of Burnsides, under the laws of Missouri, on his death passed to Mrs. Burnsides; but all the parties to the transactions, being ignorant of that fact, dealt with the land as though the whole title had passed by the administrator's sale. Mrs. Burnsides in time removed to the state of Kansas, and there married one Cooper. After this the rights of Mrs. Burnsides (now Cooper) became known, and she and husband sold their interest to the present defendant, and made him a quitclaim deed. Bell's interest in the land had been sold under the deed of trust which he had given to secure the loan of the plaintiff, but he was still in possession when Cooper and wife conveyed the land to defendant. Bell let the defendant into the possession, and he joined that possession to the title of Mrs. Burnsides growing out of her homestead. The object of this suit, originally commenced in the state court and removed here, is to cancel the release of the original mortgage from Burnsides to Livingston county and subrogate the present plaintiff to the Livingson county claim, having in fact paid the debt of the county. It is claimed by the defendant that this ought not be done, because of the release of the Burnsides mortgage, which occurred when O'Dell substituted his own for it, and because of its payments being voluntarily made. When the present plaintiff bought the interest of Mrs. Burnsides and took a quitclaim deed, he bought nothing except the equities Mrs. Burnsides had in the land at the time of the death of Burnsides, which was a homestead right, subject, however, to the mortgage of Mr. Burnsides and herself. It is not pretended that Mrs. Burnsides, Mr. Cooper, or Mr. Chittick, the present defendant, has paid it. The testimony is that, though Mr. O'Dell substituted his own mortgage for that of Bnrnsides, the money was not paid to Livingston county until the present plaintiff paid it, when she took a deed of trust to secure her loan. Now, for the defendant to say that this payment was voluntary, and it being so, I will take advantage of it so as to get a title released from the incumbrance which rested upon the homestead right of Mrs. Burnsides when he bought it, and thereby defraud plaintiff of the money she paid, is evidently so unjust and inequitable that the law nor the court will help him to commit such a wrong. Payments made in ignorance of the real state of facts, such as took place in this case, cannot be said to be voluntary. The decree of the court will be that the release of the mortgage given by Burnsides and wife to county of Livingston be canceled, and that the present plaintiff be subrogated to the rights of Livingston connty, with authority to enforctl her claim against the land according to law. v.25l<',no.4-12
FEDERAL REPORTER. UNION TRUST CO. v. FISHER and others.·
(Ci1'cuit Court, D. Minne8ota.
FRAUDULENT CONVEYANCE-PURCHASE BY WIFE WITH EARNINGS AGREED TO BE PAID BY HUSBAND.
In 1871 and 1872, M. F. and her husband, b'. A. F., kept a lodging-house, the wife attending to the duties of the house under agreement with the husband that he would pay ller what it would cost to keep a servant. 1'he wife had no other opportunity of making mOlley, and the $300 thus "aroed was not paid to her uy. the husband, but in Ill81 he purcllaRed a lot and had the title put in her name, in part payment of the amount and the accrued interest. F. A. 1<'. had previously been adjudged a bankrupt, but had not included the indebtedness to his wife in the schedule of debts tiled. Held, that the property in the name of M. F. was subject to the payment of judgments against F. A. F.; following Seitz v. Mitchell, 94 V. S. 584.
On examination of the circumstances surrounding the transfer and purchase of property claimed to be in fra"d of creditors, held, that such property, with the exception of a certain leasehold estll1e. should be subjected to the payment of the judgments outained against defendant.
In Equity. H. C. Whitney and Wilson cf Lawrence, for complainant. Boardman et Ferguson, for defendants. NELSON, J. A judgment was entered against the defendant F. A. Fisher on April 23, 1883, for $12,161.24-, in the district court of Hennepin county, in the state of Minnesota, and execution issued, which was duly returned unsatisfied on June 8th following. A bill is filed by the judgment creditor to reach and subject to the lien of tha judgment certain real property standing upon the records of the county of Hennepin in the na,me of the defendants, Marion Fisher, his wife, Thomas J. :Fisher, his brother, and Andrew J. Boardman, charging tbatthis property was placed in the name of these parties for the purpose and with the intent to binder, delay, and defraud the creditors of Freeman A. Fisher, and to conceal the same, and prevent its application to and for the payment of his debts. The real estate in the name of his wife is described as lots 16 and 17, in block 5, in South Minneapolis addition to Minneapolis, in the state of Minnesota, and was conveyed to her for the consideration of $700 by R. W. Jordan and wife, June 13, and duly recorded; also lot 5, in block 34, in Wilson, Bell & Wagner's addition to Minn.aapolis, conveyed by Nellie B. Shattuck about April 12, 1882, for the sum of $2,000. And the bill charges that Freeman J. Fisher paid the consideration for all this property, and his wife paid no part of it, and that the conveyances were made to her to defraud creditors, and upon a secret trust for him.
by H.obertsun Howard, Esq., of the St. Paul bar.