HAZARD V. DURANT
(CirCUit Oourt, D. Massachusetts.
TRUST-CREDIT JrIOBILTER COMPANY AND UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD COMPANY -RELEASES.
The agreements and releases set up in the defendants' pIca held a bar to this SUit, and the bill dismissed.
A plea may consist of a variety of facts and circumstances, and if such facts and circumstanceR give as their result one clear ground upon which the whole equity of bill may be disposed of, the plea is not bad.
In Equity. Elias Merwin, for complainant. Sidney Ba,rtlett and R. D. Smith, for defendants. COLT, J. The material allegat.ions contained in this bil1sufficiently appear in the opinion of the court in IIaza'fd v. Durant, 19 Fed. Rep. 471. The present hearing was had upon three pleas in bar filed by the defendants. The first plea sets out two agreements dated November 15, 1878. By the first instrument it is claimed that the complainant agreed to assign his stock in the Credit Mobilier Company to the Union Pacific Railroad Company, and did assign to said company all claims to any assets or property in the hands of the defendant trustees, or arising out of the administration of the trust. By the second instrument it is claimed that the complainant released the trustees from all errors misconduct arising out of the administration of the trust. It appears that the Union Pacific Railroad had certain claims against the stockholders of the Credit Mobilier, and it agreed with the complainant and five of his co-beneficiaries to release all such claims in consideration of a transfer of stock held by them in the Credit Mobilier. The indenture then provided that as the complainant and one or more of his co-beneficiaries were parties plaintiff in two suits pending in the supreme court of Rhode Island,-one against Thomas C. Durant and the Credit Mobilier, and the other against said Durant and the Union Pacific Railroad Company,-that they should retain 10 shares in trust until the termination of the suits, and then convey the same to the Union Pacific Railroad Company; and it further provided that if any part of the sums recovered be col. lected and received by the Union Pacific Railroad, it should transfer and pay over to each of the parties who had transferred to it their share in the Credit Mobilier such proportion of the sum thus recovered as the number of the shares so transferred by them bears to the whole number of shares constituting the capital stock of said corporation. Then follows this provision:
"Said parties of the second part do hereby further assign, transfer, and convey to said party of the first part all their respective claims and rights
HAZARD 11. DURANT.
in and to the assets, or property of every description. now !leld by said trustees, ·arising out of or connected with the assignment to them of saId contracts of said Ames and of said Davis, or out of the administration of said trust; but no right or claim against said trustees, or either of them, or their represC'ntatives, for any error, omission, or misconduct, if any, in the administration of said trust is hereby assigned: the parties of the second part having, by an instrument of even date herewith, released said trustees and their representatives from all, and all possible, claims on account of such error, omission, or misconduct."
By the second indenture, executed the same day and prior in point of time, the complainant and five of his co-beneficiaries released the defendant trustees from "all possible claims of every nature or description arising out of their, or each of their, errors, omissions, mistakes, or misconduct in the past administration of said trust." The first question is as to the scope to be given to the two releases embraced in the first plea. Upon careful consideration we think they constitute a bar to this suit. We think H was the intention of the parties by these instruments to assign all their rights in the Credit Mobilier stock and dividends, and profits thereon, to the Union Pacific Railroa.d Company, and to release the defendant trustees from all claims by reason of any alleged misconduct in the administration of the trust. 'fhe only thing excepted was an interest in the Rhode Island suits. In respect to these, the Union Pacific Railroad Company was to account to the complainant for a certain proportion of any sums recovered which came into its hands; and the complainant and his co-beneficiaries were allowed to retain 10 shares of Credit Mobilier stock in trust, until the termination of the suits, and were then to convey the same to the Union Pacific Railroad Company. It is on the complainant, seven difficult to see how this conferred any years after the execution of these instruments, to bring suit ag!J;inst the trustees seeking to hold them in respect to the very matters specifically covered and settled by these agreements. Whatever rights to the receipt of profits from the trustees under the construction contract accrued to the complainant by the agreement of October 15, 1867, and the subsequent agreement of July 3, 1868, must be held to have passed to the Union Pacific Railroad Company under the second provision already cited of the first indenture set up in the plea. , It is urged that the assignment to the Union Pacific Railroad Company only covered property then in the hands of the trustees, and that the release to the trustees only related to past errors and misconduct. Taking the several provisions in these two indentures together, and their evident purpose, it is clear, we think, that the plaintiff intended to part, and did part, with all his rights, legal and equitable, to call these trustees to account; and it would seem strange if a court of equity, in the face of these agreements, should allow the complainant to maintain this suit. The objection is made that the first plea is bad for duplicity. The
two instruments set up constitute together but a single defense. A plea may consist of a variety of facts and circumstances. All that is required is that those facts and circumstances should give, as their result, one clear ground upon which the whole equity of the bill may be disposed of. Daniell, Ch. Pro 607; Story, Eq. PI. § 654; Whitbread v. Brockhw'st, 1 Brown, Ch. 415; Didier V. Davison, 2 SandL Ch. 61. The first plea in bar is sustained, and the bill dismissed.
(District Oourt, D. Jlassachusctts.
FEDERAL ELECTIONS-INSPECTOR RECEIVING }l'nAuDuLENT VO'fE-REV. ST. 5511-INDICTMENT.
In an indictment for aiding or assisting in the commission of the crime of illegal voting at an election for a representative in congress, it is not necessary to state the particular acts constituting the aid or a,sistance, as these are mere matter of evidence to make out the offense at the trial. '
SAME-PLACE WHERE ELECTION HELD.
Where the indictment alleges that the offense was eommitted "at Boston, in said district of Massachusetts, at an eleetion for a representative in the congress of the said United :::Itates for the Fourth congressional district of the com· monwealtl1 of Massachusetts, instil uted and held in said Boston on said fourth day of Novemher, in accordance with the laws of said commonwealth and with the laws of said United 8tates," this is a sufficient averment that the election was held in the .B'ourth district, which is a part of Boston,
SAME-VIOLATION OF OFFICIAL DUTY.
An indictment that charges that defendant, as inspector of elections, know. ingly and willfully received the vote of a party named, knowing that he was not a resident of, or registered in, the voting precinct, slltlleiently alll,ges a violation of duty on the part of the defendant as officer of elections,
Motion in Arrest of Judgment. W. K. Blodgett, for the United States. E. L. Barney and Wm. B. Gale, for defendant. NELSON, J. This indictment originally contained eight counts. The first and fourth counts were disposed of before trial by the entry of a 'nolle prosequi. The defendant, having been found guilty on the remaining counts, now moves in arrest of judgment. The second, third, fifth, and sixth counts are founded on section 6511, Rev. St., and charge the defendant with having aided one John F. Hayes to vote illegally for a representative in the congress of the United States for the Fourth congressional district of this commonwealth, at an election held in Boston on the fourth day of November last. In the seventh and eighth connts he is charged with having violated his duty as an inspector of elections in allowing andaidi:ug Hayes to vote illegally at the same election. . The motion merely states in general terms that the indictment is