266 US 185 Erie Co v. Kirkendall
266 U.S. 185
45 S.Ct. 33
69 L.Ed. 236
ERIE R. CO.
Argued Oct. 8, 1924.
Decided Nov. 17, 1924.
Messrs. Benjamin D. Holt and Edward A. Foote, both of Cleveland, Ohio, for petitioner.
Messrs. D. K. Henderson and E. P. Chamberlin, both of Cleveland, Ohio, for respondent.
Mr. Justice McREYNOLDS delivered the opinion of the Court.
Respondent sued for the value of a lost package described by the bill of lading as 'one box bedding,' weighing 280 pounds, which actually contained 'miscellaneous household articles, together with two quilts and two pair woolen blankets.' In defense the railroad insisted that he misrepresented the true character of the contents and thereby prevented it from obtaining a released valuation which, according to the rate paid and provisions of the published tariffs, would not have exceeded $28.
The writ must be dismissed. The inducing petition failed to give adequate information concerning the record and essential facts. Furness, Withy & Co. v. Yang-Tsze Insurance Asso., 242 U. S. 430, 37 S. Ct. 141, 61 L. Ed. 409; Layne & Bowler Corp. v. Western Well Works, 261 U. S. 387, 43 S. Ct. 422, 67 L. Ed. 712; Southern Power Co. v. North Carolina Public Service Co., 263 U. S. 508, 44 S. Ct. 164, 68 L. Ed. 413. The confused state of the record renders it difficult to ascertain the facts; maybe impossible. The petition for certiorari seemed to represent that at time of shipment the consignor accepted a bill of lading misdescribing the contents of the package and accepted a rate based upon limited liability, as he must have known.
It appears, however, that the shipper correctly reported the contents to the railroad, that he was not asked concerning value and made no representations relative thereto, that no rate was quoted, and that the undisclosed charges were to be collected at destination. The bill of lading contained no statement of value or rate and no provision restricting the carrier's liability to less than the actual worth. Section 8 provides:
'The owner or consignee shall pay the freight and all other lawful charges accruing on said property, and, if required, shall pay the same before delivery. If upon inspection it is ascertained that the articles shipped are not those described in this bill of lading, the freight charges must be paid upon the articles actually shipped.'
See New York Central R. Co. v. Goldberg, 250 U. S. 85, 87, 39 S. Ct. 402, 63 L. Ed. 857.
The case tendered by the petition is radically different from the one presented upon the argument.