269 F2d 769 Johnson v. United States
269 F.2d 769
106 U.S.App.D.C. 102
James F. JOHNSON, Appellant
UNITED STATES of America, Appellee.
United States Court of Appeals District of Columbia Circuit.
Argued June 24, 1959.
Decided July 16, 1959.
Mr. Samuel F. Ianni, Washington, D.C. (appointed by this court) for appellant.
Mr. Louis M. Kaplan, Asst. U.S. Atty., with whom Messrs, Oliver Gasch, U.S. Atty., and Carl W. Belcher, Asst. U.S. Atty., were on the brief, for appellee.
Before WILBUR K. MILLER, BAZELON and BASTIAN, Circuit Judges.
Appellant was tried, convicted and sentenced in the District Court under an indictment charging two counts of robbery. As his sole ground for appeal he urges that the Juvenile Court improperly waived its jurisdiction and, therefore, that he could not be tried in the District Court because he had been previously placed in jeopardy in the Juvenile Court. The District Court held there was no double jeopardy. The record in the Juvenile Court shows as follows:1
"DATE COURT CLERK'S MEMORANDUM JUDGE 8-15-58 Complaints filed. 8-21-58 Petition filed, sworn to by A. Finley, Jr., Juvenile Bureau. 8-22-58 Mother present. Mother and boy waive right to Counsel. Boy denies being involved. Case continued for determination as to whether Court will waive jurisdiction to the U. S. District Court. Boy remanded to D. C. Receiving Home in Case 25-885-J O. W. Ketcham Per OMY 8-29-58 Court waived jurisdiction to U. S. O. W. Ketcham District Court2 Per ......"
Assuming, without deciding, that jeopardy attaches in Juvenile Court proceedings, clearly it could not attach here. Those proceedings ended with the boy's denial of involvement, and no further proceedings were commenced to determine whether or not he was so 'involved.'
The judgment of the District Court is
Appellant was seventeen and a half years of age when he appeared in the Juvenile Court
'11-914 (D.C.Code (1951)). Waiver of jurisdiction in case of felony-- Transfer of case. If a child sixteen years of age or older is charged with an offense which would amount to a felony in the case of an adult, or any child charged with an offense which if committed by an adult is punishable by death or life imprisonment, the judge may, after full investigation, waive jurisdiction and order such child held for trial under the regular procedure of the court which would have jurisdiction of such offense if committed by an adult; or such other court may exercise the powers conferred upon the juvenile court in this Act in conducting and disposing of such cases.'