OoNSOLIDATED BUNGING ApPARATUS CO. V. PETER SOHOENHOll'EN BREwING CO. 1
(Olrcuit Oourt, N. D. illinois. July 26, 1886.)
I. PATENTS FOR INVENTIONS-CONTEST IN PATENT-OFFICE-INJUNCTION.
The action of the patent-office in !p"anting areissue, after an exhaustive discussion and examination of the art, In which opposing interests to the grant were fully heard, is of weight in an application for a preliminary injunction to restrain infringement of the reissue.
SAME-INCIDENTAL CONSIDERATION OF PATENT-NOVELTY.
The patent sued on having been discussed in its relation to the state of the art in another suit, (N('//() Process Fermentation 00. v. Koch, 21 Fed. Rep. 580,) where it was held to anticipate the patent there sued on, and infringement being clear, such decision considered, oil'the question of novelty, and a preliminary injunction granted.
In Equity. W. W. Leggett, Banning et Banning, and Dyrenfortk tf Dyrenfortk, for complainants. We8t « Bond, Geo. B. Selden, and John N. Beckley, for defendants. BLODGETT, J. This is an application for a pr!'lliminary injunction to restrain the alleged infringement by defendant of reissued patent No. 10,284, granted February 6, 1883, to John M. Pfaudler, Edward J. Kelsey, Josiah Sullivan, and James Sargent, (the last three being assignees of Pfaudler,) for an "apparatus for regulating the pressure in a series of fermenting vessels," the original patent having been issued to Pfaudler, July 2, 1878, and the application for the reissue having been filed August 26, 1879. It is stated in the specifications that the "invention has for its object to provide an effective apparatus for equalizing the pressure in a series of hogsheads or other sels containing beer, wines, or other liquids in a state of fermentation, and for regulating the pressure of the gas caused by such fermentation, so that it shall not exceed a certain number of pounds to the square inch, previously determined and ganged in the said apparatus." The apparatus, as described in the specifications and drawings, consists of one or more reservoirs, connected by pipes with the hQgsheads or other vessels containing the fermenting liquids. To this reservoir is attached an escape pipe, with a pressure gauge attached, so that, when the pressure in the reservoir exceeds the amount at which the gauge is set, the gas blows off through the escape-pipe until the pressure is reduced to the gauge; and it is claimed that by this apparatus the pressure in the casks is equalized, the process of fermentation in the different vessels is made uniform, and, as applied to beer, the liquid settles and clarifies much more rapidly than by the old process of finishing. Defendant denies the patentable novelty
b;r Charles C. Linthicum, Esq., of the Chicago bar.
THE MURPHY 'l'UGS.
of the device, and the validity of the reissue, but the use of an apparatus, which in its mode of operation and effect is substantially like that covered by the principle of the complainant's device, is admitted. From the contention of the parties on the argument of this motion, -and they each seem to have been fully prepared,-it seems to me that complainant's rights under this patent must turn mainly upon the question of the novelty of Pfaudler's device. As the proof now stands in the case, it would seem that a very vigorous contest was made over the reissue of this patent, and the patent-office, after an exhaustive discussion and examination of the state of the art, in which the interests opposed to. the patent were fully heard, awarded the reissue. In view of the action of the patent-office, in the face of vigorous opposition, and of the decision of Judge BROWN of the Eastern district of Michigan in the case of New Process Fermentation Co. v. Koch, 21 Fed. Rep. 580, where this patent was considered and discussed in its relation to the state of the art, I think complainant entitled, upon the present showing, to an injunction as prayed in the bill.
THE MURPHY TUGs.
(District Oourt, E. D. Michigan. June 17, 1886.)
MAlUTIME LIEN-DIVER AND ENGINEER ON WRECKING TUG.
A person employed as a diver and engineer of asteam'pump upon a wrecking-tug has a lien upon such tug for his services.. So, if he contract for services upon any of several tugs belonging to the same company to which he may be ordered. and his engagement be for a per diem compensation, he is en· titled to a lien upon each of such tugs for the time he is actually employed about her.
SAME-LIEN OF OWNERS OF STEAMER ASSISTING TUG.
So, if the services of a steamer are necessary to assist such tugs in reScuing wrecked vessels by dredging, pulling, running upon errands, or otherwise, the owner of such steamer has a lien upon the tug. A person employed as chief engineer of a line of vessels at an annual ary has no lien upon any vessel of the line for his compensation, Where a stockholder and director of a steam-boat line. who also held the office of treasurer, put repairs upon the several vessels of the line, it was held that his lien, if he had any at all, should be postponed to that of the other creditors. . . There is no lien for wharfage during the winter season upon the lakes.
SAME-ENGINEER ON ANNUAL SALARY.
SAME-REPAIRS BY STOCKHOLDER-PRIORITY OF LIEN.
SAME-WHARFAGE-LAKES IN WIN'l'ER.
In Admiralty. The tugs Gladiator, Andrew J. Smith, BaUze, Kate Williams; and William A. Moore, belonging to the Detroit Tng & TransifCompany, .of which Samuel J. Murphy was preshlent, bavingbeen sold 'by the