291 F2d 435 Trans Pacific Corporaton v. South Seas Enterprises Ltd
291 F.2d 435
TRANS PACIFIC CORPORATON, a District of Columbia Corporation, Appellat,
SOUTH SEAS ENTERPRISES, LTD., et al., Appellees.
United States Court of Appeals Ninth Circuit.
June 15, 1961.
Hamilton, Murray, Elliott, Mueller, Aune & Stood, by Richard D. Hamilton, Santa Ana, Cal., for appellat.
Rhyne & Rhyne and Charles S. Rhyne, W. Dean Wagner, Thomas P. Brown, III, Washington, D.C., and J. E. Simpson, Los Angeles, Ca., for appellee.
Before BARNES, MERRILL and KOELSCH, Circuit Judges.
In a diversity action for breach of contract, the court below dismissed plaintiff-appellant's first amended complaint, for failure to join indispensable parties. This is an appeal from such decision. 28 U.S.C. 1291.
A party is indispensable if his interest is such that a decree cannot be rendered that will not affect his interest, or if such party's absence leaves the controversy in such a condition that its final determination is wholly inconsistent with equity and good conscience. Barney v. Baltimore City, 1867, 6 Wall. 280, 284, 73 U.S. 280, 284, 18 L.Ed 825; De Korwin v. First Nat. Bak of Chicago, 7 Cir., 1946, 156 F.2d 858, 861, certiorari denied329 U.S. 795, 67 SCt. 481, 91 L.Ed. 680. 3 Moore, Federal Practice 2150.
Appellees assert that the testimony and records of the absent parties are crucial to a proper determination of this case.
This is an evidentiary problem, and not one that, ipso facto, creates a misjoinder. Appellee's argument confuses the role of the absent persons as witnesses with their role as parties.
Nor, ipso facto, are joint obligors indispensable parties, Greenleaf v. Safeway Trails, Inc., 2 Cir., 1944, 140 F.2d 889, certiorari denied322 U.S 736, 64 S.Ct. 1048, 88 L.Ed. 1569, despite a previous statement by this court to that effect under different circumstances. United States v. Elfer, 9 Cir., 1957, 246 F.2d 941, 946.1 This is not a suit for rescission (Ward v. Deavers, 1953, 92 U.S.App.D.C. 167, 203 F.2d 72), but for damages for breach of contract. The foregoing is said assuming there is here presented a case of joing obligors, i.e., a case where South Sea Enterprises, Ltd., shares a duty (which appellant seeks to enforce) with someone else. No such duty is shown. That the Philps and their corporation (Stuart Barry Philp, Ltd.) and Hotels of the Crown Colony of Fiji, Ltd., had duties under the contract sued upon, performance of which were conditions precedent to South Seas' obligation to deliver the stock to appellant, does not create any common duties between South Seas and any other party.
We hold the court below erred in dismissing appellant's complaint for failure to join indispensable parties. Reversed, and remanded for further proceedings which may be had looking toward a determination of the matter on its merits.
In Elfer we relied upon McRanie v. Palmer, D.C.Mass.1942, 2 F.R.C. 479, and 2 Barron & Holtzoff, Fed.Prac. & Proc. 512, p. 62 (which in turn relies on the Mc,Raine case, which does not state joint obligors and indispensable parties, but that joint obligees are)
There is sound basis for a distinction between them. Cf. 3 Moore, Federal Practice 2169-2170.