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296 US 391 Bus Transport Securities Corporation v. Helvering

296 U.S. 391

56 S.Ct. 277

80 L.Ed. 292

BUS & TRANSPORT SECURITIES CORPORATION
v.
HELVERING, Commissioner of Internal Revenue.

No. 490.

Argued Nov. 20, 1935.

Decided Dec. 16, 1935.

Mr. Albert E. James, of Washington, D.C., for petitioner.

The Attorney General and Mr. J. Louis Monarch, of Washington, D.C., for respondent.

Mr. Justice McREYNOLDS delivered the opinion of the Court.

1

Petitioner, Bus & Transport Securities Corporation, challenges a deficiency income tax assessment for 1929, and says that the transaction from which the alleged taxable gain arose was reorganization within section 112, Revenue Act, 1928, 45 Stat. 816, 26 U.S.C.A. § 112 and note. Paragraphs (b)(4), (i)(1), and (i)(2), are specially relied upon.1

2

Jacobus owned practically all shares of two corporations, herein designated A and B, which operated bus lines. The Public Service Corporation of New Jersey, the projector, desired to control these lines; and to that end engineered the following plan:

3

Public Service Co-ordinated Transport Company, affiliated with the projector, caused the organization of C. Easman Jacobus, Inc., took all the stock, and paid therefor by transferring 2,500 of the projector's shares.

4

Jacobus caused petitioner to be organized and acquired all its stock in exchange for all shares of A and B corporations. Thereafter, petitioner transferred to Public Service Co-ordinated Transport Company these A and B shares, and took all shares of C. Easman Jacobus, Inc.

5

Thus, petitioner, through Jacobus, Inc., came to control 2,500 of the projector's shares; and Public Service Co-ordinated and Transport Company became owner of all shares of A and B corporations. Through these manipulations, the projector obtained indirect control of corporations A and B and the lines which they operate.

6

The Commissioner, the Board of Tax Appeals, and the Circuit Court of Appeals all rightly concluded that petitioner was not party to a reorganization within the statute. Certain corporate shares owned by it were exchanged for shares which another corporation owned. Neither party to the exchange acquired any definite immediate interest in t e other. Nothing here, we think, even remotely resembles either merger or reorganization, as commonly understood. Pinellas Ice Co. v. Commissioner, 287 U.S. 462, 53 S.Ct. 257, 77 L.Ed. 428.

7

The challenged judgment must be affirmed.

1

Margin of opinion in Helvering v. Minnesota Tea Co., 296 U.S. 378, 56 S.Ct. 269, 80 L.Ed. 284.