((Jircuit Oourt, D. Minne8ota. February 21, 1887.)
PROMISSORY NOTES-PuRCHASER FOR VALUE-TRANSACTION IN STOCKS.
Defendant agreed to t'ake from the treasurer of a corporation 100 shares of stock, and gave his note payable to the company for 'them. It was designed at tirst to give defendant stock belonging to the treasurer, who was obliged to raise some money in order to cC;>ntribute something to the funds of the company, but afterwards an arrangement was made between plaintiff; who was a director, and the treasurer, by which plaintiff advanced the necessary cash, and taking therefor the treasurer's own note and defendant's note as collateral, and part of his stock was issued to defendant. Defendant knew nothing of the transaction between plaintiff and the treasurer. The treasurer made misrepresentations to defendant in selling him the stock, of which plaintiff knew nothing. Held, that plaintiff was a 50na:fi:de purchaser for value of defendant's note, and could maintain an It.
W. E.'Hale. for plaintiff. Hart &: Brewer, for defendant.
BREWER, J. Action on a negotiable promissory note. Verdict for plaintiff. The only question is, was plaintiff a ,bonafide, purchaser before maturity of the note of whioh the one in suit .islJ,renewal? ,The testimony discloses the fact that, the original note, was ,obtained by false representations; so the plaintiff was called upon to prove that he was a bona fide purchaser ,before maturity. , The facts are these: In the fallof1883 the Pullman Iron &Steel Company was organized .with a capital stock of $500,000, divided into 5,000 for the manufacture shares of $100 each. The oompany was of lJ, patent railway spike. The patent was owned by J. W.Doane, JamesN. Smith, J. P. Perkins, anq Frank B. Felt. They transferred the patent to the company, receiving in pay therefor the full capital stock, each taking one-fourth, or 1,250 shares.. The company then had the patent, but no money, and each of the four stockholders held onequarter of the stock, the same issued as fully paid and 'non-assessable. In ordet to raise money there seemS to have been '8< agreement between the fOllr stockholders that 1,500 shltresshould be disposed of for cash, each stockholder contributing 375 shares. , :Mterwards, but after the transactions between defendant and the company were ended, by a formal 'resolution 2,500 shares were placed in the hands of Felt as trustee. It would seem that Doane and Smith. being men of means, retained their shares, and paid the fixed price, 66* centS, in cash into the company's treasury. Felt, who was the treasurer of the company, not having the money to pay in, was called upon by his associates to dispose of his shares for cash, and put the proceeds into the treasury. Among other parties he applied to the defendant, who agreed to take 100 shares. Not having the money therefor, after some delay, he gave his note to the company I and received his shares. But this note was not cash, and the company wanted cash; so the plaintiff proposed to Felt to discount his (Felt's) note, and take the defendant's note as collateral.
DOANE V. KING.
In this way the company got the money for the shares of stock taken by the defendant. Soon aftei-the execution of Felt's note to plaintiff, plaintiff asked Felt if he wished to hold this note of defendant's, and dispose of his own stock; if not, he would himself take the note, and let the defendant have 100 shares of his (plaintiff's) stock. Felt having raised the money necessary to cover the amount which he was bound to provide, and believing the stock good, concluded not to dispose of any more of his stock, and so the shares which were issued to defendant were shares which belonged to plaintiff. . The transaction was consummated in this way: Plaintiff, having a certificate of 625 shares, surrendered it to the company, and received a new certificate of 525 shares, and the company issued a certificate of 100 shares directly to defendant. All this was done without the knowledge of defendant. On the other hand, the false representations which were made to defendant, and in consequence of which he wa.s induced to take stock, and give his note, were all made by Felt, and plaintiff was entirely ignorant of them. Can there be a doubt, upon these facts, that plaintiff was a bona fide purchaser? He up a hundred shares of stobk which were believed by the parties to be very valuable, and which were in fact worth something. At any rate, it was the very consideration for which defendant had given his note, and it was a consideration deemed ample by the payee of the· note. Certainly, plaintiff, although a director in the company, was not personally chargeable with notice of any false representations made by Felt, the treasurer, although the company of which he was a director might have been bound. Counsel say that the company received nothing; that it was not authorized to buy in its Own stock; and Mr. Felt testifies, in answer to a question as to whether the company ever received anything from plaintiff, and, if so, what, in consideration of this note, answers: "Indirectly it possibly has, but directly I think not." But I do not so understand the import of the testimony. Three hundred and· seventy-five shares belonging to Mr. Felt were in fact donated to the company; he doing the same, in this respect, as the other stockholders. For 100 shares of this stock he received a note payable to the company. The plaintiff advanced to the company, upon Felt's note secured by defendant's note, the cash; so the company got cash for this subscription of defendant's. It ma.tters not what arrangements were subsequently made between Felt and the plaintiff, or what other moneys were obtained by Felt for the company, or in what way; they were transactions purely personal to the individuals. Defendant received his 100 snares of fully paid stock, as he contracted for; the company received the money, and plaintiff parted with his 100 shares. These are the undisputed facts, and the mere form in which these transactions were carried out is immaterial. Thelaw looks at the substance, and not the form. Defendant got for his note that which he contracted to get. Plaintifl',in ignorance of any false representations made to defendant, purchased the note before maturity and gave value. The verdict was right, and must be upheld. The motion for a new trial is overruled. .
UjNITED STATES V. DIAMOND· MATCH CO.
Oonneetieut. March 10, 1886.)
INTERNAL REVENUE-MATCHES-PRIVATE DIES-STAMPS-INDEMNIFYING BOND -REv. ST. U. S. §§ 3419, 3423-eIRCULAR No. 136.
The bond required by circular No. 136, of date September 30, 1875, issued from the office of the United StatescolUmissioner of internalrevenue, though not prescribed. is yet not _prohibited by any statute; and, the object of the bond being to protect tlle United States against loss in the printing of stamps .. fromptivate dies, authorized by Rev. St. U. S. Ii 3423. the authority to make the regulations contained in the circular. and to take the bond, is incident to the exercise of the duties of tho commissioner.
At Law. Action by the United. States on an indemnifyinghond given ofthe commissioner of internal revunder circular No. 136 of the enue. . ' . Lewis E. $tanton, Dist. Atty., ·.f6r the United States. Green B. Raum, fOf defendant. . . ,. To the District Oourt of the United States/or the District of Connecticut: The undersigned having written cons!:Jntand stipulation by both parties in the above-entitle(l·cause as on file, appointed referee to hear the testimony in said cause, and report to the court the facts as proved before him, reports that on December 4, 1885, he heard the said duly sworn, and with their exparties, with their witnesses, who hibits, and by their respective counsel, Lewis E. Stanton, Esq., United States district attorney, for,the plaintiff, and Green B. Raum, Esq., fOr the defendant, and he finds the following facts to have been proved, and to.be true: Prior to the act of March 3, 1883, which repealed the tax which was imposed upon matches and other articles by section 3419 of the Revised Statutes, the government kept on .hand what were known as "general stamps," which were of a common design, and were for sale to and use by All parties who might have need for them; and also kept on hand, under the restrictions and subject to the existence of the bonds of indemnity hereinafter mentioned, private die-stamps, which were those printed from dies engraved for particular parties from special designs, each party providing at its own expense and owning its die and· plate, and being alone entitled to receive stamps printed therefrom. These private die-stamps were authorized by section 3423, of the Revised Statutes. It was, during the existence of the tax imposed by section 3419, the custom of the government to keep on hand from two months' ·to three months' supply of general stamps; and prior to September 30, 1875, it was its custom also to allow, without any indemnity against loss, the printing of private die-stamps in accordance with the estimates which the die-owners furnished of ,their anticipated needs. Shortly beforethat. date it was discovered that large quantities of such stamps were on hand which had been printed in accordance with the estimates therefor, and