(A) In general
The demonstration program shall include provisions for
(i) projects consisting of planning, design, construction, and monitoring of prototype engineered and native and naturalized vegetative shoreline erosion control devices and methods;
(ii) monitoring of the applicable prototypes;
(iii) detailed engineering and environmental reports on the results of each project carried out under the demonstraton program; and
(iv) technology transfers, as appropriate, to private property owners, State and local entities, nonprofit educational institutions, and nongovernmental organizations.
A project under the demonstration program shall emphasize, to the maximum extent practicable
(i) the development and demonstration of innovative technologies;
(ii) efficient designs to prevent erosion at a shoreline site, taking into account the lifecycle cost of the design, including cleanup, maintenance, and amortization;
(iii) new and enhanced shore protection project design and project formulation tools the purposes of which are to improve the physical performance, and lower the lifecycle costs, of the projects;
(iv) natural designs, including the use of native and naturalized vegetation or temporary structures that minimize permanent structural alterations to the shoreline;
(v) the avoidance of negative impacts to adjacent shorefront communities;
(vi) in areas with substantial residential or commercial interests located adjacent to the shoreline, designs that do not impair the aesthetic appeal of the interests;
(vii) the potential for long-term protection afforded by the technology; and
recommendations developed from evaluations of the program established under the Shoreline Erosion Control Demonstration Act of 1974 (42
U.S.C. 1962–5 note
(I) adequate consideration of the subgrade;
(II) proper filtration;
(III) durable components;
(IV) adequate connection between units; and
(V) consideration of additional relevant information.
In general Each project under the demonstration program may be carried out at
(I) a privately owned site with substantial public access; or
(II) a publicly owned site on open coast or in tidal waters.
Selection The Secretary shall develop criteria for the selection of sites for projects under the demonstration program, including criteria based on
(I) a variety of geographic and climatic conditions;
(II) the size of the population that is dependent on the beaches for recreation or the protection of private property or public infrastructure;
(III) the rate of erosion;
(IV) significant natural resources or habitats and environmentally sensitive areas; and
(V) significant threatened historic structures or landmarks.