may be) avoid doing them unnecessary damage. As the libelant's boat was plainly in sight, it was the duty of the Atalanta to have slowed in .paBBing. I do not think, however, that a canal-boat in ordinary coudition would have' sustained as much damage as was proved in this case, from a steamer at such a distance from the dock. I have constantly held that the masters of old and weak boats are bound to take corresponding precautiohs to give such notice to others as is practicable of the need of any special caution. There Was special need in the present case of a signal by whistle to passing steamers to make sure that her presence and the special need of caution were not unheeded. I allow the Cleary, therefore, for one-half her damages, and interest, the sum of $40, with costs.
THE JOSE CARUSLE
11. THE POMONA..
KERR 'D. THE JOSE
(D,iBtriot Oourt. E. D. N6lD York. April 6. 1888.)
CoLLISION-BETWEEN STEAM:A:ND SAIL-MISTAKE OF WUEELSMAN. . . AS8 barkentine and 8 steamer were approaching, and before they were GO near 8S to require or justify a change of course on the part of the sailing ves-
sel. the, master. of the latter ordered the'wheel starboarded. which would have caJ'l'iedher further from the course of the steamer. By a mistake of the . wheelsman the helm was ported, and the barkentine thus thrown in the course of the steamer. Held. that tl,le sailing vessel was alone responsible for the collision. . ' : . .
In Admiralty. The collision in this case happened on the night of December 6, 1885, in the Atlantic ocean, in the neighborhood of Barnegat. 'l'he barkentine, bound from Matanzas to New York, was on a N. E. by N. course, and the steam-ship, from New York to Jamaica, was moving slowly S. W. by W. 1 W. The steam-ship alleged that she first saw both lights of the barkentine, and thereafter the green lightdiE;appeared, and the collision followed shortly after; the steamer striking the sailing vessel on her port bow. CroBB-libels were filed for the damage. Owen & Gray, for the barkentine. Wing, Shoudy & Putnam, for the steam-ship.
BENEDICT, J. I think it plain that the cause of the collision in question in these two cases was a change of course by the sailing vessel when near the approaching steamer. The evidence proves that, as the
Reported by Edward G. Benedict, Esq., of the New York bar.
vessels approached each other, the master of the sailing vessel ordered his wheelsman to starboard the wheei, .and that, instead of starboarding, the wheelsman ported. At that time the vessel was going from seven to eight knots an hour. She was a quick-steering vessel, and at that speed would answer very quickly. 'The result of the wheelsman's mistake was that the sailing vessel was thrown.inthe course of the steamer when it was too late to avoid her. Tbisporting of the helm on the part of the sailing vessel was 'not caused,bythe action of the steamer, but by a mistake by thewbeelsman as to the order given by the master. This is not, therefore, the case of a collision resulting from a wrong order given to the wheelsman,uIider the excitement produced by the fault of a steamer in approacbing so near as to justify alarm. Here was a case of disobedience of an order given by the master of the sailing vessel. The disobedience, it is true, arose out of a misunderstanding of the order by the wheelsman, but still it was neglect to obey the order given, and a collision so caused fault of the sailing vessel in must be held to have been cause,d t>y changing her course. Moreover, the testimony seems to show that the giving of the order to starboard was a fault ,on the part of the master, for, according to the testimony of the master as well as that of the wheelsman of the barkentine, when the order Was 'given, the steamer was not so near as to require or justify a change of course on the part of the sailing vessel. It may be that the order given cannot be held to have caused the collision, because the'order" if obeyed, would have carried the sailing vessel further away from the course of the steamer.' But the order gave opportunity for the mistake that arose, and in that Wtty remotely cO,ntributed 10, the disaster,ofwbich the immediate cause was porting on it was her duty to hold her course. the part of the sailing The libel of Carlisle and others against the Pomona must therefore be dismissed with costs, and in the case of Ke:rr v.Tke Jose E. More the libelant must recover his darilages,and with costs.
COFFIN V.THE OSCEOLA.
(District Oourt, E. D. NeJI1J York.
Demurrage may be recovered for the detention of a boat while undergoing repairs rendered necessary by collision, though it avpears that the work that the injured boat would have done but for the collision was done by another boat owned bv libelants, and which was at the time without other employment. No additional allowance should be made for permanent depreciation as a result of a collision without positive proof of such depreciation.
In Admiralty. On exceptions to commissioner's report. Edward H. Hobbs, for libelants. Carpenter k Mosher, for claimant. BENEDICT, J. The exceptions in this case cover two questions which deserve attention: First, whether the libelants can recover demurrage for the detention of their boat while undergoing repairs, when it appears that the work that the injured boat would have done but for the collision was done by anothp.r boat owned by the libelants, arid which was at the time without other employment. The commissioner allowed demurrage, and I think he was right. It is true that this is not like the cases of The Cayuga,! Ben. 171, and The Favorita, Id. 30,-an action for detention of a ferry-boat,-but it is wjthin the principle of those cases. The next question is-whether the libelants should have been allowed for pei:manent depreciation. The testimony certainly indicates that for some reason or other the boat was not as available after the repairs as she was before the collision, but it does not appear to me to be sufficiently cer;' tain to justify the allowance of any additional sum as damages caused by the collision. It is hardly a case where intrinsic and inevitable diminution of value is shown to have resulted from the collision because it was not possible to make complete repairs.
lRepo1'te/l by Edward G. Benedict, Esq., of the New York bar.