356 US 269 Dessalernos v. Savoretti
356 U.S. 269
78 S.Ct. 690
2 L.Ed.2d 751
Gerys DESSALERNOS, Petitioner,
Joseph SAVORETTI, District Director of the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, Miami, Florida.
Argued April 3, 1958.
Decided April 14, 1958.
Mr. David W. Walters, Miami, Fla., for the petitioner.
Mr. Maurice A. Roberts, Washington, D.C., for the respondent.
It was stipulated by the parties in the District Court that the sole question for decision is whether petitioner is entitled to have his application for suspension of deportation considered under § 244(a)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (66 Stat. 163, 214; 8 U.S.C. § 1254(a)(1), 8 U.S.C.A. § 1254(a)(1)). We hold that petitioner is so entitled. The judgment of the Court of Appeals (244 F.2d 178) is therefore vacated and the cause is remanded to the District Court with directions to enter an appropriate judgment declaring that petitioner is entitled to have his application for suspension of deportation considered by the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service under § 244(a)(1).
Mr. Justice HARLAN, whom Mr. Justice CLARK joins, would dismiss the writ for lack of jurisdiction. In his view the record fails to disclose a justiciable case or controversy because (1) the undisturbed administrative finding that petitioner 'does not meet the requirement that his deportation (would) result in exceptional and extremely unusual hardship to himself,' establishes that petitioner is not entitled to suspension of deportation under either subdivision (a)(1) or (a)(5) of § 244 of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952; and (2) the parties' stipulation in the District Court is ineffective to confer jurisdiction on this Court to decide the question sought to be presented. See Swift & Co. v. Hocking Valley R. Co., 243 U.S. 281, 289, 37 S.Ct. 287, 289, 61 L.Ed. 722; Aetna Life Ins. Co. of Hartford, Conn. v. Haworth, 300 U.S. 227, 240 241, 57 S.Ct. 461, 463—464, 81 L.Ed. 617. In holding on this record that subdivision (a)(1) governs petitioner's case the Court has, in his view, rendered what in effect is an advisory opinion.
Mr. Justice FRANKFURTER would join Mr. Justice HARLAN if he read the record to be as clear as the latter finds it to be. Being in sufficient doubt about the scope and meaning of the stipulation, he joins the Court's opinion. This leaves open, on the remand, the administrative determination of the issues under § 244(a)(1).