UNITED STATES tI. OLIVER
(Oi'/'ouit 00'U'/'1, W; D.
LouiliaM. October, 1888.)
POST-OFFIOE-MAIL CONTRACTOR-LUBlLITY ON BOND-JuDGMENT-RES ADJUDICATA.
The government having assessed against and charged a mail contractor a certain sum in an account against him for his failures in carrying the mails. and having recovered judgment for that sum against him and his sureties. cantlotrecover in this suit, against the same defendants, on the mail contractor'sbond; becausA the amount of the former judgment did cover, and was intended to cover, the whole SUlD due the &overnment OD account of the mail carrier's failures. (S,llall.., b, the Oourl.)
Robert Ray, for defendants.
M. S. Jooea, U. S. Atty. for the United States.
At Law. Action on official bond.
BoARMAN, J. The defendant Oliver became a successful bidder for a certain mail contract in Louisjana. The government sues to ,recover against defendants on their obligation, evidenced by the bond which Oliver was required to furnish to the postal department at the time he forwarded his proposal ,to carry the mail. The bond now sued on shows two conditions and warranties-Jilirst, that Oliver shall in due season en· ter into a contract agreement with the government in accordance with his proposal; second, that, having entered into the said required agree. ment, llhe shall perform said service according to his contract, * . and incase of failure he and his sureties shall be liable for the amount of said bond as liquidated damages, recoverable in an action for debt on the said bond." . Defendant having fully complied with the first warranty named in the bond, he was required by the rules of the postal department to give another or additional bond, such as is usually entered into by successful bidders for carrying the mails. This bond is given to secure the payment by the contractor of such penalties and forfeitures as maybe lawfully assessed or charged to him for his failure to carry the mails, or perform the service required of him under his contract. In, the bond now sued on recitals appear which point out and show to all parties concerned what failures on the part of the contractor would be charged for, and how much in any given case would be charglJd against him by the government. On the trial of this suit it was admitted that Oliver was delinquent, and rightfully charged in ,the government's account against him, $ , and that the government, in a suit, re. cently tried in this court,· obtained a judgment against him find these same sureties for the sum charged in that account for Oliver's failures. Notwithstanding the government has a judgment-the one just men· tioned""-agaiul!lt these deftlDdants, it is contended that Oliver and his sureties are liable in this action for the amount of the first hond,-the one which he had signed and sent on to the department with his bid for carrying the mail, and in which it is agreed that, in case of the con-
UNITED STATES V. JONES.
tractor's failure to faithfully perform the services undertaken by him, the sum of $1,200, the amount of this bond, should be taken by the parties as the amount of liquidated damages. The government having obtained judgment for a sum which covers and represents all the claims set up in the account against Oliver for his failures in performing the service which he had contracted to perform, now asks, in addition to this amount,-an amount which was intended to repair all the damages suffered by the public in the failures of Oliver to carry the mails,-for ajudgment for $1,200, the sum named in the bond as liquidated damages. The law and principles of jurisprudence cited by counsel for the government from the Louisiana courts do not impress me with the belief that it entered into the mind of either party to the bond now sued on, or that the law. presumes it was within the mutual understandings of the several parties thereto, that any sum beyond an amount sufficient to repair the damages to the public by reason of Oliver's failures to carry the mails and perform the duties required of him to the conditiolls of. the mail contract into which he and these sureties, subsequently to the execution of this bond·. entered, should Of would be demanded by the government. Such an amount, at the instance of the j:l;overnnlent, was charged against Oliver for his delinquencies,and there is now a judgmel;ltagainst him and these same sureties for that .amount. The first warranty in the bond now sued on was complied with. I think the second ,condition therein became inoperative, and as if not written, between . the parties, when the mail contract and bond were subsequently entered . into by the same persons. The lltd!!'ment recently obtained in this court,
.I think, represents all that can be recovered against Oliver and his sureties. Judgment for defendants.
(Circuit (Jourt, W. D. Louisiana. October, 1888.)
POBT-OmdB - P08TM.ASTEB - LARCENY nOll
MAILs - LUBXLITr OK OFFICIAL BOND; . . A pORtmaster placed in the mail·bag, at his office,l/o sum of money ing to:the government, to be car.ried through the mail to the postal deposItory·. ·While the carrier was on his way to deliver the mail-bag to a steamiboat, the postmaster intercepted and robbed him of the bag and contents. nis sU1'eties were held liable on the postmaster' 8 bond for the sum claimed by tbe ,government. (SyllabUS by the Oourt.)
At Law. Action to on official bond. M.'S. Jones, U. S. Atty., John T. Ludeling,W. G. Wyly, and O. J. J. S.· Boatner, for defendants. . BOARMAN,J., (orally charging jury.) The defendant R. L. Jones was postmaster at 'Lake Providence in 1885. The go:vernment now sues to