((Jircuit 001J,rt, D. NetD Jmey.
CORPORA.TIONS-STOCK-UNPAID INSTALLMENTS-LIABILITY Oll' ASSIGNEE-RBLEASE OF ASSIGNOR.
Code Va. 1860, c. 57, § 24, .relating to assignments of stock, provides that in any assignment the assignee and assignor shall each be liable for any unpaid installments which may have accrued or may thereafter accrue. Acts Va. 1883-84, p.654, c. 472, authorizing compromises to be made by fiduciaries with debtors of the company, provides that the compromise made with any person claimed to be liable to the company shall not impair the liability 10 the company of any other person, on accouJ;lt of the cause of liability, but the amount so received shall be credited on the same, except, when the liability is joint it shall be credited with the full share of the party released. lield, that a release of the assignor of stock by the trustee of an insolvent corporation, on payment of a certain amount on account of unpaid installments, does not discharge the assignee, the liability not being joint.
SAME-LIMITATION OF ACTIONS-RUNNING OF THE STATUTE.
The right of the trustee to sue for unpaid subscriptions being dependent upon the making of an assessment, the statute of limitations did not begin to· run until, after the entry of decree ordering an assessment, and llJl action .brought within six years from that date is not barred.
At Law. This is an action for the recovery of the amount of certain assessments. on 195 shares of stock of the National Express & Transportation Company , owned by the defendant. Trial by jury haying been waived, the CaUse was heard by the court on the evidence. There was no material difference between the parties as to the facts. From the record proofs,the stipulated admissions of the counsel, and the uncontradicted statements. contained in the brief of plaintiff's counsel, the court makes the following special findings:
(1) The National Express & Transportation Company was chartered by the legislature of Virginia on the 12th of December, 1865. with an authorized capital of $5,000,000, on which $2 per share was payable at the time of subscription, and the balance as called for by the president and directors of the company. (2) The company was duly organized, and had been in operation, only a short time, when, from mismanagement or other causes, its failure becameevident, and. in oruer to protect its creditors, it executed a general deed of assignmentto trustees of all its assets, in trust for the payment of its debts. This . deed was dated September 20, 1866. (3) The trustees nallled in the deed having neglected to perform their du. ties; the creditors of the company, on the 28th day of November, 1871.com-ml:'nced a suit in the chancery court of the city of Richmond, Va., against William Parot, president of said company, William and others, upon which a writ of sUbpcena was duly issued out of said court, and was returned as follows: "Executed on Joseph R. Andcson, November 25.1871, by delivering him a true copy of the within spa. in Chan. The others not found. RENJ. T. AUGUST, D. S. For JOHN W. WRIGHT, S. C. R. Executed in the 'city of Richmond, said Anderson being a'resident of said city." Further return: "Executed December 4, 1871, as to M. U. Harman, by leaving at his..
residence in the city of Staunton, with a white member of his family. over 16 years of age, a copy of this chy. spa., explained its purport, and requested that the same be handed to said M. G. Harman on his return, he being from home at the time. W. L. MAWRY, S. A. Co." But no process was then issued against the said the National Express & Transportation Company, and on the 4th day of December, A. D. 1871, the said creditors filed tl1eir bill in said suit, praying for process of subprena directed to the said the National Express & Transportation Company, its officers and directors, and to the trustees named in the said deed of assignment. No further process was issued therein until the 4th day of August, A. D. 1879, when an amended and supplemental bill was filed, upon which process of sUbprena was issued against the said company on the 5th day of August, 1879, and served on the 8th day of August, 1879, upon Joseph H. Anderson, director, and M:B. Poiteaux, ca&l1ie1', of said company, residents of the said city of Richmond. In said suit, by order company to its creditors was of the court, the amount of the debts due by determined, and on December 14, 1880, a decree was made removing the trustees named in the deed of assignment, appointing John Glenn, the plainof 30 tiff in this suit, as trustee in their place, and ordering an per cent. upon the stockholders, their legal representatives or assigns. Prior to the failure of the company, 20 per cent. of the subscribed·for stock had been collected. (4) On the 27th of June, 1884, the equity suit was transferred to the circuit court of Henrico county, Va., and that court, on March 26,1886,made an additional assessment of 50 per cent. upon the capital stock, and the holders thereof. " ' (5) These decrees authorize the plaintiff, as trustee, to collect the amouIits of the assessments by suit or otherwise; and it is upon these decrees, dUlycer'" ' ,_ tified, that the present action has been instituted. (6.) Pi-ior to the order the assesslllent of 50 per cent. the plaintiff had been authorized, by a decree of the chancery court of the city of Bich. mond, made July 21, 1883,to pompromise with the owners of stock on Which' SOper cent. had been assessed; by accepting from them 25 per cent. of the original amount of their subscriptions, if paid within six" months from· the date of the said decree, with interest at 6 per cent. from 39 days of the said deCl:ee;and a large,nlicmQer of stockholders had taken advantage of the offered compromise, by paying their assessments according to the tllrrns and, conditions of the said compromise, and such stockholders were credited on the books of the company with the full amount of the 30 per cent. can on their stock. A.nd it is admitted by a of the p,artiesto this action that all thestockbolde1's namedin the fourth plea of the defendant were severally solvent and able to pay the 30 per cent. assessment On their said shares which they had subscribed for or held, with interest from August 21,1883, and also with such costs as had been incurred by the plaintiff in the prosecution of such suits as he had brought against such stockholders, or any of them j and that by virtue and in pursuance of said decree of JUly 21,1883, the plaintiff herein received from the persons named in the said fourth plea 25 per cent. of the amount of stock for which they subscribed for or held, with interest, from August 21, 1883, with the costs which had been incurred, as aforesaid. In consideration whereof, and in further pursuance of said decree, the plaintiff released, acquitted, and discharged each and every of the said stockholders from all further liability on account of the shares so held by them, and on which they had been liable for said assessment of 30 per cent. , (7) At the February term, 1884, of the circuit court of the United States for the Southern district of Ohio, Western division, the said John Glenn; trustee, a jUdgment against Charles H.Kellogg, for the sllm of $18.22,fort,he 30 per ,assessed on 295 shareMftlle capital sttlcif. of the
said company, Including the 195 shares ownE\d by the said John T. Foote, the defendant herein, and which had been assigned to him by the said On August 22,1884, in attachment were tal,en on this judgment in the Kenton county circuit court, in 1¥J.e state of Kentucky, by Glenn against Kellogg; and on January 31, 1885, Glenn recovered a judgment in the lastnamed court for $10,518.22, and interest-thereon from 5th of February, 1884. These two judgments were afterwards satisfied on the payment by Kellogg of $6,581.25, and the following receipt was given to him: "Received of Charles H. Kellogg the sum of six thousand five hundred and eighty-one and ($6,581.25) 25-100 dollars, being an assessment. of thirty per cent. on the capital stock of the National Express & Transportation Company, with interest at the rate of three per .cent., included ftom December 14, 1881, to date, (interest calculated only to February 14, 1885,) the assessment above being on one hundred and ninety-five (195) shares of said stock known as the 'Jolm T. Foote stock;' no claim beiIlg made for the remaining three percent. so due as the interest on said assessment; the assessment, WIthout interest, being $5,850, except in case said Kellogg should re.cover against said Foote on account of this payment, in which event he is to pay the remaining three per cent., due from December 14,1881, to February 14,1885, and six per cent. on the amount then due to date of pS:yment; said sum of $0,581.25 being received without prejudice to any rights against said Kellogg on any further assessment calls on said stock. "JOHN GLENN, Trustee. "By HOADLEY, JOHNSON & COLSTON, his Attorneys. "Olncinnati, February 26, 1885." On the 26th of February, 1885,a paper was filed in the circuit court of Heurico county, Va., by said Glenn, of which the follOWing is a COP)': "The judgment and costs herein haying been paid in full, the clerk is hereby requested to enter satisfaction of the Same. _ . "J. C. BENTON, Atty. for Pltff. "Feby. 26, 1885." On the 27th of February, 1885, the following satisfaction piece was exe· euted by the attorneys of record of the said John Glenn, trustee, plaintiff in the Ohio action:
"John Glenn, Trustee, vs. Oharles H. Kellogg. (3,570.) ("Circuit Court of the U. S., S. D.O., W. D.) "Received of Charles H. Kellogg full satisfaction of the judgment and costs In the above case, and the clerk is hereby authorized to enter satisfaction of the same of record. "HOADLEY, JOHNSON & COLSTON, Attys. for Plaintiff. "Feb. 26, '85."
And said satisfaction piece was on or about the said 27th day 6f February, 1885. filed, by the attorneys of plaintiff, in the office of the United States cir· cult court, Southern district of Ohio, Western division. (8) In April, 1886, John Glenn, trustee, brought a suit in the United States cirCUit court for tho Southern district of Ohio, Western division, against Charles H. Kellogg, to receive the 50 per cent. assessment on the par,valueof 295 shares of the capital stock of the said company; this being the same 50 pel' cent. assessment referred to and set forth in the p1l1intiff's declaration. After issue had been joined, to-wit, on the 16th of October,1886,the said suit, and all claims against the said Kellogg made by the said Glenn, as trustee, were settled by and between the parties, in accordance with the terms and in
GLENN t:. FOOTE.
pursuance of an order made in the circuit court of Henrico county, Va., October 4, 1886, which order was as follows: "INTBE CIRCUIT COURT OF. THE COUNTY OF HENRICO, OCT. 4, '86· .. W. W. 61enn, A.dmr. &: othel's, against The National Express and T1'ansportation Company &: others. "Upon reading the petition of John Glenn, trustee, in respect to comproas mising the claim of the defendant company against Charles H. the hoider of two hundred and ninety-five shares of stock this day filed, together with the statements of said John Glenn, trustee, and of Edward Colston, Esq.· and the consent of a majority in value and number of the creditors of said company ascertained as prescribed by law, expressed in writing by and John Howard, Esq·· their counsel. it is ordered,that, Charles upon the payment to the said John Glenn, trustee, of the sum of twenty-two hundred and fifty dollars. and the court costs in the suit mentiuned in said petition. the said John Glenn, trustee, be, and he is herebY. authorized to execute and deliver to said Charles H. Kellogg an acquittance and dischll.fKe of all claim of the said company against him for or on account of his connection with said two hundred and ninety-five shares of said stock; to have such effect as is prescribed by the Act of assembly of Virginia, approved March 17, 1884, being chapter 472 of the Acts of 1883-1884, page 654. authorizing certain compromises to be made by fiduciaries with the sanction of a court of equity." · Thereupon Kellogg paid to the plaintiff the sum of $2.250. and was given a receipt in full satisfaction of all claims against him 011 account of the 295 shares of stock; and afterwards, on the 20th of January, 1887, the following entry was made in the journal of the United States circuit court for the Southern district of Ohio: "No. 3.873. It appearing to the court that this cause has been settled by the parties thereto out of court, and that as part of said settlement the said defendant agreed to pay the costs of "his case. it is now ordered that the said cause be, and the same is, dismissed, at the costs of said defendant. " (9) The 295 shares of stock on which the two assessments of 30 and 50 per cent. were made included the 195 shares which had been assigned by Kellogg to Foote. (IO) Tile Code of Virginia of 1860. allli remaining unrepealed in 1866, (chapter 57, § 24.) provides that" no stock shall be assigned on the books, without the consent of the company, until all the money which has become payable thereon shall have been paid; and in any assignment the assignee and the assignor shall each be liable for any installment which may have accrued, or which may thereafter accrue, and may be proceeded in the manner before provided, " (11) By the Virginia statute or 1884, under which the fiduciaries were authorized to make compromises with the debtors of the corporation, it was provided that "any compounding and compromise that may be made under this act,with any person claimed to be indebted or liable as aforesaid to such company, shall not in any manner impair the liability of any other person to the company. or jts creditors, on account of the contract or other cause of liability; but the amount so received on such settlement shall be credited on the same, excf'pt when the contract or other liability is joint, in which Case it shall be crediteu with the full share of the party released." The writ of summons in this case was served on the defendant, with a bill of particulars, on August 5, 1886.
George Biddle and S. H. Grey, for plaintiff. Alfred Mills and Barker Gumme:rle, for defendant.