368 F2d 992 Brown v. G Brown
368 F.2d 992
Homer Ray BROWN, Appellant,
Edmund G. BROWN, Governor, State of California, et al., Appellees.
United States Court of Appeals Ninth Circuit.
Nov. 18, 1966.
Homer R. Brown, in pro. per.
Thomas C. Lynch, Atty. Gen., Robert R. Granucci, Gloria F. Dellart, Deputy Attys. Gen., San Francisco, Cal., for appellees.
Before HAMLIN, MERRILL and BROWNING, Circuit Judges.
HAMLIN, Circuit Judge:
Appellant, an inmate of San Quentin Prison in California filed an in forma pauperis complaint with the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. He named the Governor of California and the Warden of the prison as defendants and alleged, under the Federal Civil Rights Act, 42 U.S.C. 1983,1 their agents beat him and caused various other deprivations of his civil rights. The district court dismissed the complaint under Fed.R.Civ.Proc., Rule 12(b) for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. This appeal followed.
Jurisdiction in the district court was conferred by 28 U.S.C. 1343(3) and in this court by 28 U.S.C. 1291. Proceedings in forma pauperis are authorized by 28 U.S.C. 1915.
The Federal Civil Rights Act creates a cause of action to remedy deprivations of Constitutional rights by persons acting under color of state law, Monroe v. Pape, 365 U.S. 167, 81 S.Ct. 473, 5 L.Ed.2d 492. Persons confined in state prisons are within the protection of this act. Cooper v. Pate, 378 U.S. 546, 84 S.Ct. 1733, 12 L.Ed. 1030; Weller v. Dickson,314 F.2d 598 (9th Cir. 1963); Stiltner v. Rhay, 322 F.2d 314 (9th Cir. 1963).
The pleadings filed by appellant contain allegations which could be said to tax a reader's credulity.2 It might be noted also that sections 118, 118a and 126 of the California Penal Code define the crime of perjury and provide for a penalty for its commission. However, in passing on a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim, the facts set forth in the complaint must be assumed to be true. Cooper v. Pate, supra; Williford v. California,352 F.2d 474, 475-476 (9th Cir. 1965); Edwards v. Duncan, 355 F.2d 993 (4th Cir. 1966). Viewed in this respect the complaint does state a cause of action under the Civil Rights Act and should not have been dismissed under Fed.R.Civ.Proc., Rule 12(b).
On remand we invite the district court's attention to what we said in Stiltner v. Rhay, supra, at 316-317, regarding cases such as this: 'It may appear * * * that although a cause of action is formally alleged the proceeding is nonetheless frivolous. * * * The preferable procedure for the District Court to follow is to grant leave to proceed in forma pauperis if the requirements of 28 U.S.C.A. 1915(a) are satisfied on the face of the papers submitted, and dismiss the proceeding under 28 U.S.C.A. 1915(d) if the court thereafter discovers that the allegation of poverty is untrue or the action is frivolous or malicious.'
Reversed and remanded for further proceedings.