BANK AT HAMBURG V. FLYNN
MaB8aehuBettB. Mar 'I, 1889.
A bill to recover the proceeds of certain notes alleged that snch notes were stolen from complainant, a banking corporation in Germany, by one William O. Flynn; that he purchased drafts with the note.s of B. S. & Co., and gave them to defendants.. his brother and sister.. There was evidence of Flynn's , identity by tht bank officers. by employes of an hotel in Germany. where he stayed, by B. S. & Co.'s cashier, by photographs, and by a police inspector, who, had known Flynn for years. The of. a: court in Germany of the conviction of one" William Flynn" for this larceny was also in evidence. Held, that it sufficiently appeared that William C. Flynn, defendants' brother, took part in the larceny, and that he bought the drafts in controversy with the notes stolen.
DRAFTS-BoNA FIDE HOLDER. ,
EVIDENCE-IDENTIFICATION OF PERSON.
Where it appears that defendants were surprised to receive the drafts, and suspected something wrong about them; that they said to an officer that their brother had previously callsed them a good deal of disgrace. and that the , brother's letters accompanyinp;. the drafts were suspicious in character,-defendants cannot be held bonafide holders of the drafts. 8. BAHE. . Nor can it be said that the brokers of whom the drafts were bought, or those on whom they were drawn. are bona fide holders, so as to give defendants a good title, where it appears that the drafts had never been paid.
EYIDENCE:':'-RECORD OF FOREIGN COURT.
The record ,of the German court Is admissible to show Flynn's conviction, bnt not to prove the facts on which it was based.
In Equity. Bill to recover possession of certain personal property. George P. Sanger, for complainant·. Horatio E.Swasey, for defendants. COLT,J. By this bill the complainant, a banking corporation located at Hamburg, Germany, seeks to recover possession of the proceeos of certain mark notes which were stolen from the bank on June 22, 1885. The bill alleges that the larceny was committed by three- persons, one of whom wasWilliam C. Flynn, formerly of Boston, the brother of the defendants, Catherine J. Flynn and John M. Flynn; ,that WilHam C. Flynn, on July 10,1885, with a part of the proceeds of said larceny, bought two sight drafts from Brown, Shipley & Co., bankers, London, upon Brown Bros. & Co., Boston,-one for $3,000, payable to the defendant CatherineJ. Flynn; and the other for $250, payable to the defendant John M. Flynn. The bill further alleges that William C. Flynn sent the drafts to his, brother and. sister as a gift, and that they are holders thereof without value. ' The prayer of the bill, as amended, is that the drafts, now in the custody of the dark of this court, be canceled and destroyed, and that Brown Bros. & Co. pay to the complainant the amount of the purchase money received for said drafts,to-wit, $3,250. The firm of Brown Bros. &.Co. are made parties ,to the bill. The defendants Flynn, in their answer, deny any personal knowledge, of the alleged robbery, except upon ;informatien and belief. They admit the receipt of the drafts,
B-t-NK A',r lJAMBURG 'D.
and they allege. thattbey are bonafide holders and purchasers of the drafts for a valuable consideration, and without notice. The defendants have put in no eviqence. .From the evidence of the complainant it appears that Catherine J. Flynn and John M. Flynn received the drafts as a gift from their brother, an.d consequently without consideration. The first ground of defense is that the complainant has not made out by sufficient proof.that William q. Flynn was one of the persons who committed the larceny, or that he was the pex:son who bought the drafts from Brown, Shipley& Co. in London. The fact that on June 22,1885, between the bours of 11 and 12 o'clock in the forenoon, the bank was robbed by several persons of 200,000 marks, is proved beyond controversy., We. have the. record of the district court at.Hamburg to the effect that one William Flynn was tried and convicted of this larceny. We have the testimony of the Hamburg bank officers, and of the at the hotel in Hamburg where Flynn stayed, also of the cashier of Brown, Shipley & Co., London, as to the identity of Flynn. To this is added the testimony of Police Inspector Houghton of Boston, who has known Flynn for many years. The identity of Flynn is proved by photographs; and, while the testimony is not entirely conclusive on this point, yet I am satisfied from a careful review of the whole evidence that the complainant made out that one ofthe persons who took part in this larceny was William C. Flynn, the brother of the defendants, and also that he was the same person who several weeks afterwardspurchJlsed the drafts in controversy from Brown, Shipley & Co., of London, and that these drafts mllst have been purchased with the mark notes, or the proceeds thereof, which Flynn stole from the bank. Being satisfied as to these facts, the question presents itself whether there is any legal defense to this bill. The defendants Flynn are not bona fide holders ofthl!se drafts for a valuable consideration. The testiprove that they were surprised at receiving them, and that in reality they suspected something was wrong about them; and they did not hesitate to say to the officer who called upon them that they had had a great dea,l ofdisgrace in times past from their brother, William. The letters from William to his brother and sister, which accompanied the drafts, are also of a very suspicious charact'er. While these defendants are innocent of any wrong-doing, I cannot regard their legal position respecting these drafts as any diffarellt from what it would have been had their brother sent them the mark notes which he stole in placeof the proceeds in the form ofdrafts. Nor can it be said that Brown, Shipley & Co. or Brown Bros. & Co. are bona fide holders for value of these drafts, and that the defendants get a good titIe through them. If the drafts had been paid, the would have been different. The rule applicable to negotiable securities cannot be invoked in this case to protect these defendants, because the drafts never passed into the hands of bona fide holders forva!tte. .: . ,' Certain· objectioJ)·s,W,ere, bl.k¢.ti 'by.tlle defend,ants to the. ,adm,islllon of testimony. We will only consider the principal one. It is contended that the record of the conviction of Flynn is inadmissible in this auit.
A judgment is always admissible to establish the fact ofthe rendition of such judgment., The record of the Hamburg court was admissible to prove that a certain judgment was rendered against Flynn in a cause of action. So far it is competent evidence, though it is not admissible to prove the facts on which such judgment was rendered. 1 Greenl. Ev, 537, 538. Drummond v. Prestman, 12 Wheat. 515. The drafts in question have been deposited with the clerk by the defendants Catherine J. Flynn and John M. Flynn, to be held subject to the order of the court. The defendants Bullard and Curtis (Brown Bros. & Co.) have not answered to this hill, and no decree pro confesso has been entered against them. They may have considered that it was not necessary for them to answer till the issue was decided between the complainant and the defendants Flynn.
SAVINGS BANX OF KANSAS 1;7. N ATtONAL BANK OF COMMERCE, (CARPENTER, Interpleader.)
w: D. Mi88ouri, w: D.
UnderComp. Laws Kan. 1885, § 289, declaring the keeping of a faro-bank, and inducing or permitting any person to play thereat, a misdemeanor punishable by tine al1d imprisonment, and section 1018, declarinf that the common law, as moditied by the constitution, statutes, judicia decisions, and conditions and wants of the people remains in force, the transfer of a certif· icate of deposit in consideration of money lost at faro is void.
OF LAWS. ,
The certitlcate having been made in a state In which the keeping and use of a faro-bank is a crime, and In which such transfer is declared void by express statute, (Rev. St. Mo. 5720,6721,) the transfer will be held void there thou,gh made in a state in WDICh it Is valid. '
SAME-BURDEN OF PROOF.
The certitlcate being payable to the transferrer's order, the transferee must show that the transfer is valid before he can recover OR the certitlcate. Such transfer is not the case of wager in which the stake has been turned over to the ,winner before suit brought.
NEGQTIUT.!ll INSTRUMENTS-REQUISITES-CERTIFICATE OF DEPOSIT.
Undl'r Rev, St. Mo. § 647, providing that a promissory note payable In money expressed to be for VAlue received, etc., shall be negotiable as inland bills of exchange, a certitlcate of deposit made" issued, and to be paid there and lacking the words" for value rec!lived, " is not negotiable, and It is immaterial that it was transferred in another jurisdiction.
A b$nk receiving such certitlcate, and simply issuing therefor its own certitlcate .of depo$it for a correspondin¥ the Jatter certitlcate not having been transferred. but being withul the control of the court. is not an innocent purchaser for value.
SAME..;..INDORSEMENT ,U;D TRANSFER.
Where the transferee at the time of the transfer advanced money to the transferrer OD account of the transfer and because of the transferrer's misfortune, such money should be restored out of the proceeda.