40 US 213 Martin Lea v. Enoch S Kelly
40 U.S. 213
15 Pet. 213
10 L.Ed. 715
MARTIN A. LEA, MONROE RABETAILLE and CHARLES G.
ENOCH S. KELLY, Appellee.
January Term, 1841
APPEAL from the Circuit Court for the Southern District of Alabama.
Key, for the appellees, moved to dismiss the appeal. He alleged, that the decree of the court, from which the appeal was prosecuted, was not a final decree.
TANEY, Ch. J., delivered the opinion of the court.
A motion has been made by the appellee to dismiss this case, upon the ground, that the decree of the circuit court, from which the appeal has been taken, is not a final decree, within the meaning of the act of 1803, ch. 93.
It appears, that a bill was filed against the appellants, in the circuit court of the United States for the southern district of Alabama, by Enoch S. Kelly, the present appellee; for the purpose of being relieved from a judgment at law in the said court, obtained by the appellants against him and two other persons named in the proceedings, upon a promissory note signed by them, and purporting to be for the sum of $5000, upon which judgment and execution had issued. The complainant charges in his bill, that the claim of the appellants against him is fraudulent, and he sets out fully the particular facts upon which he relies to prove the fraud; and avers that no process, save the execution, was served upon him in the suit at law, and that he had no notice that the suit was brought against him, until the execution was issued; that he entered no appearance to the suit, nor filed any plea in it, nor authorized any one to do it for him; and that if any attorney had done so, it was without the complainant's knowledge or consent; and prays that the appellants (who were made defendants in the bill) might be perpetually enjoined from proceeding against the complainant on said judgment; and also for general relief.
The injunction was accordingly granted by the court; and afterwards, Lea and Langdon, two of the appellants, appeared and answered, denying all fraud, and alleging that their claim against the appellee was fair and just. It does not appear the Rabetaille, the other defendant, answered the bill; and in this state of the proceedings, the circuit court, at April term 1839, passed the following decree: 'This day came the parties, by their solicitors, and this cause coming on to be heard, upon the bill, answer and exhibits, it is ordered, adjudged and decreed, that, upon condition that the said Enoch S. Kelly, complainant, appear, plead to the merits of the case, and go to trial on the same, at the next term of this court, waiving the question of jurisdiction, and pay costs of the suit at law, and the proceedings in equity, a new trial be awarded to the said complainant.'
It is from this order or decree that the present appeal has been taken; and it is evident, that the order is merely interlocutory, and no final decree has been passed in the case. The bill has not been dismissed, nor has the injunction been made perpetual. The new trial at law appears to have been directed to inform the conscience of the court; and the bill retained, and the injunction continued, until the finding of the jury should be known. The suit in equity is, therefore, yet pending, and has not been disposed of by final decree; and the appeal to this court must be dismissed.
A decree cannot be said to be final, until the court has completed its adjudication of the cause. Green v. Fisk, 103 U. S. 518-19. A decree is not final, within the meaning the act conferring appellate jurisdiction, unless, upon its affirmance, nothing remains but to execute it. Grant v. Phoenix Ins. Co., 106 Id. 429. And see Railroad Co. v. Express Co., 108 Id. 24; Ex parte Norton, Id. 237.