425 F2d 1167 Yates v. W Wingo
425 F.2d 1167
Stanford YATES, Petitioner-Appellant,
John W. WINGO, Warden, Kentucky State Prison, Respondent-Appellee.
United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit.
May 5, 1970.
Stanford Yates, in pro. per.
John B. Breckinridge, Atty. Gen., Charles W. Runyan, Asst. Atty. Gen., Frankfort, Ky., on brief for respondent-appellee.
Before WEICK and EDWARDS, Circuit Judges, and O'SULLIVAN, Senior Circuit Judge.
WEICK, Circuit Judge.
Petitioner has appealed from an order of the District Court denying, without a hearing, his application for a writ of habeas corpus.
Petitioner and another man were indicted in the Circuit Court of McCracken County, Kentucky, for the offense of armed robbery. At his trial before a jury in the state court he was represented by counsel appointed by the court. Petitioner's co-defendant was acquitted but petitioner was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment. His counsel filed a motion for a new trial, which was denied. Petitioner alleged that he then requested his counsel to appeal but the lawyer "refused to discuss an appeal and walked away" from him. He further alleged that his counsel had abandoned him and he had been deprived of his right of appeal. He apparently did not inform the Circuit Court or anyone else of his desire to appeal. No appeal was ever filed.
In 1964, with the aid of another court-appointed attorney, petitioner filed a motion in the Circuit Court to vacate his sentence, alleging, inter alia, that he did not have the effective assistance of counsel at his trial. In that motion, however, he made no claim that he had been denied the right to appeal from his conviction. The court ruled that petitioner was adequately represented at his trial and that the other grounds which he stated were not properly raised by a motion to vacate, but should have been the subject of a direct appeal. The Court of Appeals of Kentucky affirmed the judgment of the Circuit Court. Yates v. Commonwealth, 386 S.W.2d 450 (Ky.), cert denied, 380 U.S. 988, 85 S.Ct. 1361, 14 L.Ed.2d 280 (1965).
Petitioner then filed a second motion in the Circuit Court to vacate sentence, alleging for the first time that he had been denied his right to appeal from his conviction. The court dismissed the motion, finding no newly discovered evidence, and holding that petitioner was precluded from raising that issue by Kentucky law which required the first motion to state all grounds for invalidating the sentence of which the petitioner had knowledge. Petitioner filed a third motion in the Circuit Court to vacate sentence, which motion was denied on August 28, 1967. His appeal therefrom to the Court of Appeals of Kentucky was dismissed on a procedural ground.
Petitioner has exhausted his state remedies. Fay v. Noia, 372 U.S. 391, 434-435, 83 S.Ct. 822, 9 L.Ed.2d 837 (1963).
Petitioner filed a petition for habeas corpus in the District Court in 1965, alleging ineffective assistance of counsel. That petition was dismissed. Memorandum Opinion, Civil No. 1538 (W.D.Ky.1965). He subsequently filed the present petition in the District Court. The District Judge dismissed his petition without an evidentiary hearing. Petitioner appealed from this order. We hold that petitioner was entitled to an evidentiary hearing.
Petitioner in his application for a writ of habeas corpus has alleged facts which, if true, constituted a violation of his constitutional rights. Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738, 87 S.Ct. 1396, 18 L.Ed.2d 493 (1967); Swenson v. Bolser, 386 U.S. 258, 87 S.Ct. 996, 18 L.Ed.2d 33 (1967); Douglas v. California, 372 U.S. 353, 83 S.Ct. 814, 9 L.Ed.2d 811 (1963); Griffin v. Illinois, 351 U.S. 12, 76 S.Ct. 585, 100 L.Ed. 891 (1956); Benoit v. Wingo, 423 F.2d 880 (6th Cir. 1970); Hammershoy v. Commonwealth, 398 S.W.2d 883 (Ky. 1966).
Respondent filed no response to the application for the writ. The factual allegations contained in the application must, therefore, be taken as true. But even if the facts had been controverted, petitioner was entitled to an evidentiary hearing to determine their truth. Machibroda v. United States, 368 U.S. 487, 494, 82 S.Ct. 510, 7 L.Ed.2d 473 (1962).
The judgment of the District Court is vacated and the case is remanded to the District Court for an evidentiary hearing.