(Oircuit Oourt, S. D. Ohio, W. D. February 21, '1891.)
At Law. Rev. St. U. S. § 914, is as follows: "The practice, pleadings, and forms -and modes of proceeding in civil causes, other than equity and admiralty, in the circuit and district courts, shall conform as near as maybe to the practice, pleadings, and forms and modes of proceeding ;existing at the time in like causes in the courts of record of the state 'within which such circuit or district courts are held." Lawrence 1rfa:cwell, Jr., for plaintiff. R · .A. HctII'1'i.8on and A. H. Gillett, for defendants. SAGE, J. In this, which is a consolidated case against several ants in ejectment, a supplemental petition was filed November 28, 1890, setting forth that the defendant John Rathbun has died pending the action, leaving as his heirs at law Rei Rathbun, (who was a,ppointed adD:!inistrator of his estate,) George W. Rathbun, et al.; and that, shortly after the decease of said John Rathbun, his son,George W. Rathbun, children, of. whom five are minors, died, leaving as his heirs at law JUld James Williamson as their gUl:Lrdian. The prayer of the petition is that the consolidated action may be revived said heirs at law, .said James T. Williamson in lieu of said John Rathbun, deceased. answers of Rei Rathbun and Jame.s.T. Williamson, as The guardia,n, are filed, each setting up that John Rathbun died on the 28th of March, 1887, intestate, and that subsequent tohisdeath, to-wit,.8tt the October term, 1887, of this court, said consolidated action was finally tried, and judgment rendered therein in favor of the plaintiff against the other original defendants thereto, and therefore that the action was not pending when the so-called" supplemental petition for revivor" was filed, the same having been theretofore finally determined. The answer further sets forth that the plaintiffs were advised of the death of John Rathbun within a few days after it occurred, to-wit, in the month of March, 1887 j and that in May, 1887, through their attorneys,
they ascertained 'the names and places of residence of all his heirs at law, who died shortly and also of the heirs at law of George after the decease of his father, as alleged by plaintiffs; as well as the lact that said Rei Rathbun had been qualified by the probate court of Clarke county, Ohio, as administrator' upon his! fatner's estate. Rei Rathbun was so qualified April 2, 1887. The personal property and effects of the state were insufficient to pay the debts and ,costs of administration, and on the 28th of July, 1888, said administrator filed his petition, and obtained an order of the probate court of Clarke county directing him to sell 139 acres of land of which said John Rathbun died seised, and also a parcel of land of which he was seised, as alleged in his answer in said consolidated case. The probate sale of both parcels. The tract of 179 acres was sold August 30, 1888, and the sale confirmed September 5, 1888, and a deed made to the purchaser. The other parcel was offered at the same time, but not sold for want of bidders. After payment of the debts, costs, and expenses of the estate, there remained the sum of $995 in the hands of the administrator, which in the months of August and September, 1889, he distributed among the heirs. The unsold parcel was again offered for sale, under said order, December 5, 1890, and sold, but the sale has not yet been confirmed. The answer further sets forth that "in the event of the revivor of said consolidated action against said heirs and administrator, and a recovery of the demands made by the plaintiff them on a trial, the undivided half (being the interest not claimed by the plaintiff) of said land may be insufficient to satisfy said judgment." , It has already been held by this court, upon prior petitions for revivor, that the provisions for the revival of actions in the federal statutes (sections 955,956, Rev. St. U. S.) relate only to personal actions; and that therefore, tinder section 914, an action. in ejectment, which in Ohio is not merely a personal action for the possession of real estate, but also determines questions of title, may be revived in accordance with the provisions of the Ohio Code of Civil Procedure. Those provisions, as construed by the supreme court of Ohio in Carter v. Jenning8, 24 Ohio St. 182, give an unconditional right to revivor at any time within one year from the death of the party. Mter the expiration of one year, the right to revive is subject to the discretion of the court; and the court, in the exercise of that discrf::tion, is governed by the equitable principle which requires reasonable diligence and good faith on the part of those invoking its action. The demurrer admits the facts as set up in the answers; and those facts, in my opinion, show that there has not been the diligence which ought to be exercised to entitle the parties to a revivor. More than three years elapsed after the death of John Rathbun, and after the knowledge of his death, and the names and residences of his heirs, and of the heirs of his son, who died shortly after his decease, came to the knowledge of the plaintiffs, before the filing of the supple,. mental petition. Meantime the realty of the estate of John Rathbun has been sold, and as to a large portion of it the sale confirmed, title the proceeds applied, 80 far as was necessary. to the paypassed,
FJiIDERAL REPORTER, vol. 45.
ment of debts, and the residue distributed among the heirs. The only remaining tract of land belonging to the estate was also sold by order of the probate court before service of process upon the supplemental petition of revivor was made. My conclusion is that the demurrer should be sustained, and, unless the facts set up in the answers can be successfully controverted, the peti· tion for revivor will be dismissed.
BALTIMORE & O. R. Co.
(Circuit Court, B. D. Ohio, E. D. February 21, 1891.)
WRITS-SERVICE ON CORPORATION-RETURN.
Under Rev. St. Ohio, § 5044., which provides that process against a railroad company may be served upon any regular ticket or freight agent thereof, a return that the summons was served upon a "ticket agent and general agent" of the defendant is defective in not showing that the person served was a "regular" ticket agent.
SAME-AMENDMENT OF RETCRN.
After a cause has been removed to a federal court, the sheriff cannot amend his return on the summons.
SAME-WAIVER BY ApPEARANCE-REMOVAL OF CAUSES.
After a cause has been removed to a federal court on the application of the defendant, he cannot object to the service of the summons, since petitioning. for removal amounts to a general appearance. Following Sayles v. Insurance Go., 2 Curt. 212. .
At Law. On motion to quash service of summons. L. Danford, J. W. Shannon, and James O. Tallman, for plaintiffs. J. H. Collins, for defendant. SAGE, J. These cases were removed from the court of common pleas of Belmont county, Ohio, by the defendant. The service in each case, as shown by the transcript, was by delivering to O. W. Stralls, "ticket agent and general agent of the within named, the B. & O. R. R. 00., a certified copy of this summons, with all the indorsements thereon, the president or other chief officer of the said B. & O. R. R. Co., not found in my county." The defendant now comes, and, "entering its appearance for the purpose of this motion, and for no other purpose whatsoever," moves the court to quash the summons and service. for the reason that it is not a sufficient or legal service. Counsel for plaintiff in each case insists that due and legalservicf' '-;as in fact made, and moves that the sheriff of Belmont countv be allowed to amend his return so as to make it correspond with the f;cts, and that the clerk of the court of common pleas of Belmont county be authorized certify such amended return to the clerk of this court, and that the same be made part of the transcript of the proceedings of said court, and for all other proper orders. The pla,intiff's motion must be overruled.