453 F2d 339 United States v. Hume
453 F.2d 339
UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee,
Burrelle Wayne HUME, Defendant-Appellant.
No. 71-1875 Summary Calendar.*
United States Court of Appeals,
Dec. 27, 1971.
Certiorari Denied April 17, 1972.
See 92 S.Ct. 1518.
John B. Luscombe, Jr., El Paso, Tex. (court appointed), for defendant-appellant.
Seagal V. Wheatley, U. S. Atty., Ralph E. Harris, El Paso, Tex., for plaintiff-appellee.
Before THORNBERRY, MORGAN and CLARK, Circuit Judges.
Appellant Hume was convicted by the district court sitting without a jury of violating Title 18 U.S.C., Sec. 32. Hume asserts error in that (1) there is a total lack of jurisdiction; (2) there is insufficient evidence that the aircraft was damaged; and (3) that there was not sufficient evidence that he acted wilfully.
The evidence presented at the trial was not in dispute. One Castleberry owned and operated an aircraft used for dusting. On the morning of July 26, 1970, Castleberry took off in his aircraft and dusted three fields near Gadsden High School in New Mexico. After dusting the fields, he returned to his residence in nearby Texas, refueled his poison tanks, and was spraying in Texas very near to appellant Hume's residence when Hume came out of his residence and shot the aircraft with his .22 caliber rifle on two different runs that the dusting aircraft was making. Hume's shots made a small hole in the aircraft wing and also hit the fuel pump bracket.
Appellant contends that these facts failed to establish that the plane was being used, operated, or employed in interstate commerce at the time of the shooting, and that it was not damaged as a result of the shooting. Title 18, U.S.C., Sec. 32, provides that:
"Whoever willfully sets fire to, damages, destroys, disables, or wrecks any civil aircraft used, operated, or employed in interstate, overseas, or foreign air commerce . . ."
shall be punished according to law. The indictment in this case alleges that the defendant wilfully damaged and disabled a civil aircraft being used, operated, and employed in interstate commerce. Title 49 U.S.C., Sec. 1301, defines "air commerce" as meaning
". . . interstate . . . air commerce or the transportation of mail by aircraft or any operation or navigation of aircraft within the limits of any Federal airway or any operation or navigation of aircraft which directly affects, or which may endanger safety in, interstate, overseas, or foreign air commerce."
The term "interstate air commerce" is defined as meaning inter alia
". . . the operation or navigation of aircraft in the conduct or furtherance of a business or vocation, in commerce between, respectively-
"(a) a place in any State of the United States, or the District of Columbia, and a place in any other State of the United States, or the District of Columbia; or between places in the same State of the United States through the airspace over any place outside thereof . . ."
The wording of the statute makes it clear that Congress intended not only to protect civil aircraft while actually operating in interstate commerce, but also to protect such aircraft as is used or employed in interstate commerce, and also the parts, materials and facilities used by such aircraft.
This interpretation gives to the words as used in the Statute their fair meaning and is in accord with the obvious intent of Congress. The purpose of the bill as stated in the House Committee report is
"[To] provide suitable punishment, first, for the willful damaging or destruction of air-carrier aircraft used in interstate, overseas, or foreign air commerce . . .." (Emphasis supplied).
U. S. Congressional and Administrative News, 84th Congress, 2d Session, page 3145.
We conclude that the district court was not without jurisdiction.
There is no merit in Hume's other assertions of error as the photographs introduced in evidence clearly show that the aircraft sustained damage from the .22 caliber rifle, and the appellant freely admitted in his testimony at the trial that his intentions were to hit the plane but not the pilot.
There being substantial evidence to support the findings of the district court, the judgment is affirmed.