488 F2d 140 Lee v. L Wainwright
488 F.2d 140
John Henry LEE, Jr., #028436, Petitioner-Appellant,
Louie L. WAINWRIGHT, Director, Division of Corrections,
State of Fla., Respondent-Appellee.
No. 73-2280 Summary Calendar.*
United States Court of Appeals,
Dec. 6, 1973.
Raymond Tamargo, Jr., Tampa, Fla. (Court-Appointed), for petitioner-appellant.
P. A. Pacyna, Asst. Atty. Gen., David Luther Woodward, Asst. Atty. Gen., Tampa, Fla., for respondent-appellee.
Before GEWIN, COLEMAN and MORGAN, Circuit Judges.
Appellant Lee, a state prisoner, appeals from an order denying his petition for a writ of habeas corpus. He contends that evidence introduced at his trial was seized incident to an illegal arrest and that he was interrogated without prior Miranda warnings.
Upon a complete review of the record we find that appellant's contentions are without merit. His initial detention was proper because it was based upon specific facts known to the police officer. Between 4:00 and 5:00 o'clock in the morning the officer was searching a residential neighborhood for a black rape suspect driving a Ford. Appellant was a black male driving a Ford in the neighborhood at that time. Probable cause for an arrest, of course, was not needed to momentarily detain the appellant in the course of the officer's investigation.1 Subsequently obtained information made an arrest justifiable under the probable cause standard.
We find the Miranda issue is primarily factual. The material facts were fully developed at a state court hearing on a motion to suppress, and the state's factual determination was fairly supported by the record. There is no allegation of newly discovered evidence. The district court properly made an independent examination of the file and state court record as well as considering a magistrate's report and recommendation.
Upon the authority of Townsend v. Sain, 372 U.S. 293, 83 S.Ct. 745, 9 L.Ed. 2d 770 (1963), this petition was properly dismissed.