good faith requires that it should be held to it. If, for any sufficient reason, it was entitled to be relieved from that position, it should have asked leave of the court to withdraw its name. As it did not do so then, it is now too late. Petition dismissed, with costs.
BROWN 'lJ. HOWARD,
(Circuit Court, D. New Hampshire.
Assumpsit. H. S. Clark, for Brown. Mr. Frink, for Howard, appellant. LOWELL, C. J. This is an action of assumpsit to ascertain whether the separate estate of James M. Carr, a. bankrupt, is indllbted to C. W. Brown iu the sum of $5,544.26, or any part of it. It has been submitted to this court without a jury. The case appears to be a. very different one from that which
BROWN V. HOWARD.
was presented to the district court, judging by the opinion of that court,' which I have seen. These cases are called "appeals," but they are considered like original actions, and all the proof is, or may be, gone into de novo. The plaintiff, Brown, bought a piece of land, in Chelsea, Massachusetts, at auction, at the request C. Carr, who made the cash payment, and the plaintiff gave his notes and- a mortgage of the land for the remainder of the purchase money, amounting to something over $5,000. Prices have since fallen so much that the land has been taken by the present holder of the mortgage at an agreed valuation of $1,200. No writing was passed between J. C. Carr and the plaintiff. Soon after the sale, though whether some few weeks or So month or more it is not certain, four other persons, to-wit, James M. Carr and his partner, Hill, and one Cheever and one Dearborn, orally agreed with J. C. Carr to take four-fifths of the purchase, and thereafter the interest and taxes were paid in these proportions; but whether the bankrupts, Hill & Carr, were to take as partners or not is one of the disputed . questions. After a time the mortgage and notes secured by it were tmnsferred to the First National Bank of Newburyport, the present holders, and Hill & Carr, as partners, guarantied their payment. Still later, Hill & Carr and all the othe'!' parties failed, and one of them has died. The bank proved upon their guaranty against the joint estate of Hill & Carr for the amounts of the notes, after deducting the agreed value of the land, and 'offered proof for a like amount against the separate estate of Carr, but after argument they withdrew this claim and made a settlement with Brown, the plaintiff, taking his note for the amount of $5,544.26, and giving him an agreement that he should not be called upon to pay the note, but only what he might obtain in dividends from this or other bankrupts' estates. Thereupon Brown offered to prove this sum of $5,544.26 against the bankrupt's estate, and the point to be decided is whether he can do so. Brown was a trustee for J. C. Carr, (not the bankrupt,) and might, I suppose,
have maintained a bill in equity against him for repayment. He could have no action at law, because there was no contract binding at law, but only an implied trust. When J. C. Carr orally agreed to sell four-fifths of theland to this bankrupt and others, if the agreement was binning in equity, without writing, which is very doubtful, under the law of Massachusetts he could in equity require them to, bear four-fifths of the loss or of the expense. It by no means follows that Brown could:have maintained any suit against them. It appears affirmatively here, though not in the district court, that Brown had no contract or promise of any sort, or any conversation looking towards a promise, with the bankrupt, and there is no evidence that he had with any of the four who were to buy of J. C. Carr. I am at a loss, therefore, to see how an action of assumpsit or a bill could have been maintained by him against this bankrupt before his bankruptcy. The payment which Brown made to the bank by giving them his note, was made long after the bankruptcy, and for the purpose of enabling him to make the proof. It is an indirect mode of drawing a dividend for the bank, when they have withdrawn their own offer of proof. There is no objection to this if there was a liability by the bankrupt to indemnify Brown, which has become absolute and been liquidated since the bankruptcy began. But I cannot discover that lia. bility. Besides, this debt has once been proved against the joint estate of Hill & Carr, and it can now be proved again against their separate estate only upon evidence that their copartnership guaranty was given as security for their separate liability; but the evidence before me, though not entirely satisfactory, is all one way-that Hill & Carr were to own this land as partners, and not ali mere tenants in common. In the unsatisfactory state of the oral evidence, the very fact that they gave their copartnership guaranty is almost decisivo of this question.
IN BE KINNE.
(Di8trict Oourt, D. NetD JtrS6Y. December 6, 1880.)
1. BAl'lKRUPTC1· - SECURED CREDITOR - PnOPERTY SOLD SUBJECT TO
ST. t 5075.-A creditor may prove his debt as unsecured, and consent to the discharge of the bankrupt, where the property of the debtor, after being mortgaged for the debt, was subsequently sold under an execution subject to such mortgage.-[En.
In Bankruptcy. On Specifications against Discharge. NIXON, D. J. Several specifications have been filed against the discharge of the bankrupt in this case, but they all seem to grow out of or revolve around one transaction, to-wit: the proof of a. secured debt by one of the consenting creditors without surrender of the security. The facts were these: One Michael Van Iderstine, in the month of November, 1872, sold to the bankrupt a tract of land in the city of Paterson, and accepted his bond for $5,000, a portion of the consideration money, the payment of which was secured by a mortgage upon the premises purchased. The property was subsequently sold by the sheriff of the county of Passaic as the property of the bankrupt, upon executions issued upon two judgments against him, but sold subject to the above-recited mortgage. Cornelius Hardenburgh became the purchaser, and received from a sheriff a deed for the premises on the twenty-fourth of November, 1877, and has since been the owner. Michael Van Iderstine departing this life, Tennis Van Iderstine became the. acting executor of the estate, and held the said bond of the bankrupt, seCll,red by the real estate of Hardenburgh. He made no surrender of the n;l.Ortgage, but proved his bond as the unsecured debt of the bankrupt, and afterwards signed a power of attorney, authorizing the attorney named to consent to the discharge of· the bankrupt for the payment of his debts. The single question presented is whether the holding of security for a debt, on property not owned by the bankrupt, prevents the creditor from proving his debt as unsecured and