540 F2d 209 Jackson v. T Cox L E
540 F.2d 209
Samuel James JACKSON, Plaintiff-Appellant,
John T. COX, Ted L. Potter and James E. Walker, Defendants-Appellees.
United States Court of Appeals,
Oct. 8, 1976.
Samuel James Jackson, pro se.
John T. Cox, Ted L. Potter, James E. Walker, Belton, Tex., for defendants-appellees.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas.
Before COLEMAN, GOLDBERG and GEE, Circuit Judges.
Appellant was convicted of forgery and is now serving a life sentence in the Texas Department of Corrections as a habitual criminal. He brings a civil rights action alleging that the three attorney-defendants conspired to defraud him of $750 without rendering any legal assistance in his appeal. Appellant relies on 42 U.S.C. §§ 1985(3), 1986, 1988. The trial court dismissed the complaint for failure to state a claim for which relief may be granted.
Griffin v. Breckenridge made § 1985(3) applicable to private actions but stressed that the statute was not intended to reach "all tortious, conspiratorial interferences with the rights of others." 403 U.S. 88, 101, 91 S.Ct. 1790, 1798, 29 L.Ed.2d 338 (1971). Section 1985(3) was designed to prevent deprivation of equal protection of the laws and equal privileges and immunities, not to serve as a general federal tort law that would permit a suit for fraud or breach of contract, which is the essence of appellant's complaint here.
The constitutional shoals that would lie in the path of interpreting § 1985(3) as a general federal tort law can be avoided by giving full effect to the congressional purpose by requiring, as an element of the cause of action, the kind of invidiously discriminatory motivation stressed by the sponsors of the limiting amendment. . . . The language requiring intent to deprive of equal protection, or equal privileges and immunities, means that there must be some racial, or perhaps otherwise class-based, invidiously discriminatory animus behind the conspirators' action. The conspiracy, in other words, must aim at a deprivation of the equal enjoyment of rights secured by the law to all.
Id. at 102, 91 S.Ct. at 1798.
The pleading here fails to allege the kind of class-based, invidiously discriminatory animus behind the conspirators' action required by Griffin v. Breckenridge. Plaintiff alleged no more than that he was black and defendants were white, and his pleadings offered but one phrase alluding to racial bias as one motivating factor. Not otherwise put before the district court and nowhere urged to this court on appeal, plaintiff has failed to assert a racially discriminatory conspiracy that would raise any question as to the applicability of Griffin. The district court's dismissal of the complaint is AFFIRMED.