RAINEY v. HERBERT et aI. (Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit
April 25, 1893.)
INJUNCTION AGAINST NUlSANCE--JURlSDlCTIONAL AMOUNT-VALUE OF HIBITED ERECTION.
In a suit in a federal court to enjoin a nuisance in the erection of coke ovens, if the amount of damage which will accrue to the plaintiff be not sufficient to give the court jurisdiction, the court will nevertheless have jurisdiction if the value of the prohibited erection equal the jurisdictional amount. Railroad Co. v. Ward, 2 Black, 485, followed.
Upon a bill to restrain the erection of coke ovens on F. street in front of or near complainants' premises, and for general relief, the court has no authority to restrain the operation of ovens elsewhere on defendant's property "so near the premises of the said complainants as to injure the same by reason of flames, heat, gases, or smoke emitted therefrom." P AR'I'IES- LIFE TENANTS. In a suit to restrain a nuisance the defendant cannot complain of the admission of life tenants as parties plaintiff with the remainder-men. An owner of land laid it out in lots and streets, and conveyed to D. (whose title passed to plaintiffs) two of the lot,>, describing them by reference to the plan and as abutting on a street, and then conveyed the tract as a whole to defendant, by a deed which recited the previous deed to D., and excepted the land thereby conveyed. Held that, by the conveyance to D., the street called for as a boundary was irrevocably dedicated as a public way for the use of the owners of the two lots, and that defendant was affected with notice thercnf, and conlrl not interfere with plaintiffs' use of the street. f.4 Rep. 248, modified and atfirmed.
DEDICATION-DESCRIPTION IN DEED.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the Western District of Pennsylvania. In Equity. Bill by George W. and Thomas W. Herbert and othrs against W. J. Rainey to enjoin the erection and maintenance of a nuisance. In the court below there was a decree for complainants, the opinion by Judge Acheson (which is partially adopted by the circuit court of appeals) being reported in 54 Fed. Rep. 248. Defendant appeals. :Modified and affiI·med. Samuel Dickson and C. C. Dickey, (Shiras & Dickey, of counsel,) for appellant. Edward Campbell, (J. M:. Garrison, on the brief,) for appellees. Before DALLAS, Circuit Judge, and WALES and BUTLER, District Judges. DALh-\S, Circuit Judge. This is an appeal from a decree for an injunction restraining the erection of certain coke ovens. The jurisdiction of the circuit court was dependent upon the amount involved in the controversy. There was some conflict of testimony as to the amount of the damage which would result to the complainants from the construction and operation of the ovens, but the .court below found that the averment that it would exceed $2,000 was supported by abundant evidence; and, if the matter in dispute were simply and solely the threatened injury to the plaintiffs, this finding of fact might be accepted as in itself conclusive; but, if this
were otherwise, the want of a sufficient amount of damage having been alleged and proved to give the federal courts jurisdiction, would not defeat the remedy, as the prohibition of the contemplated erection ,of the ovens was the matter of controversy, and the value of that object (admittedly in excess of the jurisdictional amount) must govern. Railroad Co. v. 'Yard, 2 Black, 485, 492; Consequently the first assignment of error has not been maintained. The opinion of the court below presents the law and the facts relating to the erection and operation of coke ovens "in or upon Front street, in the village of Sedgwick," in a manner entirely satisfactory. It is therefore adopted by this court as correctly disposing of the several questions which are raised by the assignments of error from the second to the sixth, inclusive. The decree, however, goes further, and is, we think, too comprehensive. It not only restrains the placing of ovens upon Pront street, but also forbids their operation on the defendant's own property "so near the premises of the said complainants as to injure the same by reason of flames, heat, gases, or smoke emitted therefrom." The only prayer for special relief was for "a preliminary injunction, hereafter to be made perpetual, restraining the respondent from locating, erecting, and operating said coke ovens, or any of them, upon the said street in front of or near the said premises belonging to your orators as aforesaid." The particular relief which was awarded by that portion of the decree now under consideration was not prayed in the bill, nor did it even suggest that such relief would be asked upon the hearing. There was, it is true, a prayer for general relief; but it is a familiar rule of equity pleading that under such a prayer the court will afford a complainant such relief only as is agreeable to the case made by his bill, and the case made by the bill upon this record is wholly confined to the distinct subject of the proposed erection and operation of coke ovens upon Front street. The bill will not bear any other construction. Its language is perfectly elear. The gravamen of the complaint is that coke ovens "upon the said Front street, of the said town of Sedgwick, will be a permanent and continual trespass, * * * and a permanent obstruction;" and although it is added that a nuisance from smoke, etc., will result, this, too, is averred with respect, only, to ovens upon the street. From beginning' to end, not a word is said about nuisance to arise from the operation of ovens elsewhere; the prayer does not relate to any Emch nuisance; and, as we have said, the general prayer cannot be applied to it. This branch of the case was disposed (. f by the learned judge below in a single paragraph of the opinion which he filed, from which it does not appear that his attention had been directed to the restricted character of the bill; but we, with ,that fact in view, are constrained to hold that, in so far as ovens not upon the street were included in the terms of the decree, it was improvidently made. English v. Foxall, 2 Pet. 595, 611; Hobson v. McArthur, 16 Pet. 182, 195; Savory v. Dyer, Amb. 70; Wright v. Atkyns, 1 Yes. & B. 313. If, however, a nuisance, indeTlendently of the encroachment upon Front street, had been duly alleged, it would not necessarily follow
CLYDE V. RICHMOND & D. R. CO.
that the complainants would have been entitled to an injunction based upon that allegation. We will not enter upon an extended discussion of this aspect of the matter, because it is not necessary that we should do so, but we deem it proper to suggest, with reference to any possibly contemplated further proceedings, that, while it is generally true that annoyances which substantially detraet from the ordinary comfort of life may be enjoined, yet equity will never interpose where a due regard for all the attendant circumstances should impel a chancellor to withhold his hand. In Robb v. Carnegie Bros. & Co., 145 Pa. St. 324, 22 At!. Rep. 649, it is said that the operation of coke ovens at an appropriate place will not be enjoined; and in Huckenstine's Appeal, 70 Pa. St. 102, an injunction against brick burning 'was, in view of the surrounding circumstances, refused. 'l'here are numerous other judicial decisions of the same import, but in these two cases the principle to which we desire to direct attention is sufficiently exemplified. The seventh assignment of error is sustained. TIle eighth and twelfth assignments of error are to the allowance of an amendment by which Henry Herbert and Margaret Herbert were made parties plaintiff, and to the imposition of the costs upon the defendant below. They are not supported. No wrong was done the defendant by admitting the life tenants as joint complainants with the remainder-men, or by the manner of their admission; and the costs of the proceeding were not increased because this was done, or by reason of the time at which it was done. further amendment of the bill became requisite, or was made, in consequence of the addition of these parties, and the evidence which had been previously taken was as pertinent after their addition as it was before. The remaining assignments do not require separate consideration. Thev are not sustained. The decree of the circuit court is now modified by striking therefrom the second paragraph thereof, viz.: "Second, from operating any coke ovens so near the premises of said complainants as to injure the same by flames, heat, gases, or smoke emitted therefrom;" and, as thus modified, the decree is affirmed. And it is further ordered that one half of costs of this appeal shall be paid by the appellant, and one half thereof by the appellees.
CLYDE et al. v. (Circuit Court, E. D. Virginia.
& D. H. CO. et at
In re BItOWX et al. April :W, 1883.)
RAILROAD COJ\1PANIES-HECEIVEHS-HI(JIIT OJ!' BONDIIOLDEHS TO IN'l'ERVEKE.
\VIlPre, in a foreclosure suit. a is appointed for tIw property of a railroad company which owns 01' controls a large llum]H'r of other roads constructed and operated under separate charters, tIl<' fact that a single trust company is trustee under 12 different mortgages or tmst instruments executed by several corporations in the system i" not of itself sufficient ground for allowing a committee representing bondholders under the said trusts to become a party plaintiff in the suit, in the absence of any-