MORNING JOURNAL ASS'N tl. SMITH.
which was not cured or qualified by any other portion of the charl!e. It is well settled that a false representation may entitle a party to maintain a suit even though it was not the sole cause of the bargain or transaction out of which the injury arose. It is enough to entitle a plaintiff to recover if the false representation complained ()f was 11 material inducement to the contract or transaction which ()ccasioned the injury, although there may have been other co-operating inducements. Safford v. Grout, 120 Mass. 20--25; Matthews v. Bliss, 22 Pick. 48--52; Cooley, Torts, (2d Ed.) 587, and citations. Counsel for the defendant in error have made no attempt in this court to sustain the action of the circuit court in giving the instruction above quoted. They insist, however, that the error complained ()f was not prejudicial, for the reason that there was no evidence tending to establish the alleged fraud, and that the case should have been withdrawn from the jury. With reference to that contention, it is sufficient to say, that we have gone over the testimony which is preserved in the record, and that we fully agree with the trial court in holding', that the case is one, especially upon the issue of fraud, which should properly be determined by a jury. For the reasons above indicated the judgment is and the cause is remanded to the circuit court, with directions to grant a new triaL
to Marple, we think that the learned trial judge committed an error
MORNING JOURNAL ASS'N v. SMITH. (CirCUit Court of Appeals, No. 79. Circuit. July 20, 1892.)
STATE STATUTES AS RULES OF DECISION-ACTION BY MARRIED WOMAN, The prov13ion of Code Civil PI'OC. N. Y. § 450, that the husband
shall not be a necessary or proper party to an action for damages to the person, estate, or character of his wife, being, under Rev. St. § 721, a rule of decision in trials at common law In the United States courts held in the state of New York. applies to an action brought in such a court by an allpn married woman against a ':orporation of the state for libel, and she need not join her husband, nor sue by prochein ami.
In Error to the Circuit Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York. At I...aw. Action by Juliette C. Smith against the Morning Journal Association for libel. Defendant demurred to the complaint. 'fhe demurrer was overruled. Defendant brings error. Affirmed. John R. Dos Passos, (Dos Passos Bros., on the brief,) for plain· tiff in error. George F. Harriman, (Harriman & Fessenden, on the brief,) for defendant in error. Before WALLACE and SHIPMAN, Circuit Judges. PER GURIAM:. This is a writ of error from an order of the court for the southern district of New York, which over·
ruled the defendant's demurrer to the plaintiff's complaint. The plaintiff, a married woman, and subject of Great Britain, brought in the United States circuit court an action for libel against the defendant, a corporation of the state of New York. The statute of the state of New York (Code Civil Proc. § 450) provides that the husband is not a necessary or proper party to an action to recover damages to the person, estate, or character of his wife, and all sums that may be recovered in such actions shall be the separate property of the wife. ''l'he defendant's point upon the demurrer is that an alien married woman cannot maintain an action at common law in the United States circuit court for either of the districts of New York without joining her husband, or suing by her prochein ami. It may be remarked that upon the face of the complaint it does not appear that the husband of the complainant was living when the suit was commenced, but we do not place a decision upon that ground, because we are of opinion that an averment that the complainant was a married woman would not create a defect of parties. Section 721 of the United States Revised Statutes provines as follows:
"The laws of the several states, except where the constitution, treaties, or statutes of the United States otherwise require or provide, shall be regarded ns rules of decision, in trials at comlUon law, in the courts of the United States, in cases where they apply."
The New York statute is applicable to any married woman, whether alien or citizen, who becomes a plaintiff in the courts of that state. Such statutory modifications of the common law in regard to the rights of husband and wife as plaintiffs in actions at law in the courts of a state are applicable also in the United States courts for such state, if not inconsistent with the laws of the "Cnited States, or with the duties which belong to its judges and courts, and the powers with which they are clothed. This state statute is applicable in actions at common law in the courts of the United States held within the state of New York. 'l'he order of the circuit court is affirmed.
In re S'l'ARR et at (Circuit Court, D. New Jersey. June 3, 1893.)
BANKRUPTCY - SUPERVISORY COURTS OF ApPEAL.
'rhe general supervisory jurisdiction conferred by Rev. St. § 4986, upon the circuit courts over causes and questions arising in the district courts in bankruptcy cases was not transferred to the cil'cuit courts of appeal by the judiciary act of March 3, 1891, but still remains with the circuit courts.
SA)!E,...,.COMPOSITION-DELAY OF CREDITOR.
'Vhere a creditor of a bnnkrnpt does not present his proof of debt to the committee, or demand composition notes, until after final distribution among the creditors who complied with the terms of the composition, and the delay is not caused by mere oversight or neglect, but bJ the "belief and promise" that the claim should be paid in full, he is not entitled to any relief.