FEDERAL REPORTER t
J. W. Bull, for plaintiff. J. L. Washburn and W. W. Billson, for defendants. NELSON, District Judge. This is an action of ejectment to recover an undivided two-sevenths of the S. i of the S. E. t of section 29, township 50, range 14, situated in St. Louis county, in this district. The plaintiff's title rests upon a quitclaim deed from Godfrey F. Burg and wife and John Peter Burg, dated July 14,1891, and duly recorded. The defendants claim to be the owners through a guardian's sale made in 1872, and approved by the probate court of St. Louis county July 11, 1872. To sustain the plaintiff's title, an attack is made upon the proceedings in the probate court of St. Louis county, appointing a guardian, and the subsequent proceedings, culminating in a sale of the property in controversy. The plaintiff is entitled to a judgment in his favor unless the proceedings before the probate court passed the title. All objections by plaintiff's counsel to the evidence offered are overruled. Special Facts Found. The facts found are that John Peter Burg and Godfrey Frederick Burg were the only minor heirs of John Peter Burg, the elder, who died seised of an estate embracing the land in controversy, and that the undivided two-sevenths of the quarter section sought to be recovered in this action was inherited by them. That Catharine Burg, the widow of John Peter Burg, deceased, was the mother of the minors, with whom they resided in Wisconsin, and on March 23, 1872, a petition was presented and filed in the probate court of St. Louis county, Minn., in the matter of the estate of John Peter Burg, stating that he left personal property, and two minor heirs, residing with their mother, in Wisconsin, naming them as Peter Burg, age about 7, and Godfrey Burg, age about 9;. and John was duly appointed, on the same day, by the probate court, the guardian of the minors, and letters of guardianship duly issued to him. That on April 18, 1872, a petition in the mattei' of the estate of John Peter Burg was presented by the guardian, appointed as aforesaid, to the probate court, in which it is stated that he "is the guardian of Peter Burg and Frederick Burg, and that it is necessary to sell the undivided 2-7 of the south half of the southeast quarter (S. ! of S. E. 1) of section twenty-nine, (29,) township fifty, (50,) range fourteen, (14,) owned by them, for their support and education, and license to sell at private sale is prayed; and on the same day it is ordered and directed by the probate court that the next of kin to said wards, and alll)erSons interested, appear before the court and show cause on Saturday, May 25, 1872, why a license should not be granted for the sale thereof, as prayed for; and it is further ordered that notice of such hearing be given all persons interested by publication of this order for four successive weeks, (the last publication to be at least fourteen days before said day of hearing,) in the Duluth Minnesotian, a weekly newspaper printed in St. Louis county, and by serving a copy of this order personally on each interested person resident in this state fourteen
LILIENTHAL tl. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA RY. CO.
days prior to the day of hearing as aforesaid, and by forthwith mailing a copy hereof to the address of eaoh interested person nonresident in this state." I further find that the order was pub· lished as directed, the first publication appearing in the newspaper April 20, 1872, and the last publication on May 11, 1872, and copies of the order were served on Oatharine MaIlman and one Herman Burg, being the only interested parties residing in the state of Minnesota, and that on or abont April 25, 1872, copies were mailed to all the parties interested, nonresident of the S'tate. The interest of the minors was sold at private sale, and the same confirmed, and deeds of conveyance given by the guardian, and the de· fendants have the title which the purchaser took under the guard· ian's sale and deed. Conclusion. That this plaintiff take nothing by this action, and that tlle defendants have judgment against the plaintiff for costs; and it is so ordered.
LILIENTHAL v. SOUTHERN CAUFORNIA RY. CO. (Circuit Court, S. D. California. June 19, 1893.)
PUBLIC LANDS-RAILROAD COMPANIES-HIGHT OF WAY.
Act Congo March 3. 1875, § 1, grants to certain railways therein specified a right of way, of given width, through the public lands, "also ground adjacent to such right of way for station buildings," etc. Section 4 provides that any railroad company desiring to avail itself of the pro,isions of the act shall, within a stated time, "file with the register of the land office for the district where such land is located a profile of its road," and that, after such location is approved by the secretary of the interior, all lands over which the right of way pass'es shall be disposed of subject to such right. HclrJ>, that no right to grounds for station purposes attaches until the railroad company has acqUired the right of way by compliance with the provisions of the act. . Defendant railroad company filed a map of the land it desired to acquire for station grounds before it had acquired the right of way by filing the required profile of the road. '1'his profile was afterwards filed and approved; but, before either was done, plaintiff settled on the land, and filed his declaratory statement. He afterwards completed the purchase, and a patent was issued to him. Held, that he took the land free from any claim on the part of the railroad company, for the filing of the profile was a condition precedent to the initiation of any right in its favor, and his settlement, to which the patent related back, antedated that.
SAME-STATION GnOUNDS-PRlOR SETTLEMENT.
At Law. Action by Jesse W. Lilienthal against the Southern California Railway Company. Judgment for plaintiff. Rothchild & Ach and Graves, O'Melveny & Shankland,. for plaintiff. A. Brunson, for defendant.
ROSS, District Judge. The subject of this controversy is a certain 20-acre tract of land selected, or attempted to be selected, by