apparatus which defendant makes and sells is an infringement, users of such infringing machines refuse to accept that result, and individually insist upon continuing their use, complainant may sue each and all of them, though they number 10,000, without thereby instituting such a multiplicity of actions as the COurts will enjoin.
STEWART et al. v. SMITH. (Circuit COOrt of Appeals, Third Circuit. No. 12.
DESIGN PATENTS-ODD FELLOWS' DESIGN FOR DECORATING RUGS.
November 10, 1893.)
Deslgnpatent No. 18,703, granted October 23, 1888, to William T. Smith, for an Odd Fellows' design for decorating rugs, consisting of the selection of certain Odd Fellows' symbols, and the grouping thereof In an orderly and tasteful manner, so as to form what many would consider an attractive panel, large enough to cover the face of the rug within the border, Involves novelty and invention, and Is valid. 55 Fed. Rep. 481, affirmed.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the East· ern District of Pennsylvania. In Equity. Bill by William T. Smith against John and George Btewart, trading as John Stewart & Son, for infringement of a design patent. There was a decree .for complainant in the court below, the opinion being pronounced by Butler, Distri.ct Judge, and reported in 55 Fed. Rep. 481. Defendants appeal. Affirmed. Hector T. Fenton, for appellants. Joseph C. Fraley, for appellee. Before A,CHESON and DALLAS, Circuit Judges, and WALES, District Judge. DALLAS, Circuit Judge. This suit was brought for infringement of letters patent of the United States, No. 18,703, granted to Wil· liam T. Smith, complainant and appellee, upon October 23, 1888, for a "design for a rug, consisting of a center panel, ornamented by representations shown, and an ornamental border surrounding the whole, as shown in the photographic print accompanying this specification." Upon the panel shown in the photographic print and in the exhibit produced there are portrayed certain selected Odd Fellows' symbols, so arranged as to present the appearance of an orderly and ornamental group or pattern, and this is surrounded by an ornamental border having the same general effect as the frame of a picture. It is alleged that the circuit court erred in its construction of the patent, in sustaining its validity, and in finding that it had been infringed; but the several questions raised by the assignmentllt were all carefully considered by the learned judge below in an opinion so exhaustive and so satisfactory to 11S as to render their further discussion unnecessary. The main point in the case, and the only one as to which we have experienced any difficulty, is as
BABCOCK V. CLARKSON.
BABCOCK et at v. CLARKSON et al. (Circuit Court, D. Massachusetts. No. 3067. 1.
November 22, 1893.)
The rejection of claims on the ground that they cover a function, and the substitution of others which cover the mechanJism for producing the result, do not import a limitation of the patent. The Clarkson jump seat, (patent No. 300,847,) in which there is a com· bination of a falling tailboard and two seats, so connected by levers and hinges that the movement of the tailboard upwards will drop the real seat out of use, and move the front seat backwards, so as to preserve the proper center of gravity, is not a pioneer invention, and the patent is not infringed by a combination having similar movements, but which leaves the back seat in use, instead of taldng it out of use.
SAME-PRIOR ART-JUMP SEATS.
In Equity. Suit by Frank A. Babcock and ot.hers against Joseph T. Clarkson and others for infringement of a patent. Bill dismissed. Edward P. Payson, for complainants. Thomas W. Porter, for respondents.
CARPENTER, District Judge. This is a bill in equity to enjoin an alleged infringement of letters patent No. 300,847, issued June 24,1884, to Joseph T. Clarkson for jump seat. The respondents deny the title of the complainants, but I have not found it necessary, for the present purpose, to consider this question. The patent is for a folding or turn-down seat and a sliding seat of a carriage. The claims alleged to be infringed are as follows:
"(1) The combination of pivotal tailboard, b, rod, a, pivotal lever, c, and sliding seat, d, substantially as specified." "(3) The combination of a sliding front seat and a rear turndown seat, thereto hinged, with automatic devices, arranged to simultaneously actuate said seats, substantially as specified." "(5) The combination of a hinged tailboard, a sliding front seat, a rear turndown seat, hinged to such (ront seat, with devices conuooting said tailboard