585 F2d 748 Stinson v. State of Alabama
585 F.2d 748
Don V. STINSON, Petitioner-Appellant,
STATE OF ALABAMA, Respondent-Appellee.
United States Court of Appeals,
Dec. 7, 1978.
Don V. Stinson, pro se.
William J. Baxley, Atty. Gen., Montgomery, Ala., Barry V. Hutner, Asst. Atty. Gen., Birmingham, Ala., for respondent-appellee.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama.
Before COLEMAN, GOLDBERG and GEE, Circuit Judges.
The court en banc, having reheard this habeas cause following our panel opinion reported at 5 Cir., 545 F.2d 485, has remanded it to us for reconsideration in light of its opinion in Galtieri v. Wainwright, 582 F.2d 348 (5th Cir. 1978). Our earlier disposition was, but for a contention of petitioner foreclosed by Stone v. Powell, 428 U.S. 465, 96 S.Ct. 3037, 49 L.Ed.2d 1067 (1976), a remand to the district court for a determination whether state remedies had been exhausted as to his claims.
We conclude that Galtieri has little if any bearing on this case. It deals with petitions containing both exhausted and unexhausted claims. Here there is doubt whether Any of petitioner's claims have been exhausted. Nevertheless we conclude, exhaustion being a matter of comity and not jurisdiction, that we should reach the merits of petitioner's remaining claims. The state does not raise exhaustion, and this matter has been in our courts for almost three years long enough. We have therefore considered these claims, all denied by our district court on their merits. As to each, we conclude that the court was correct.