ALASKA PACKERS' ASS'N V. ALASKA IMP. CO.
judgment, what would be a fair compensation to the plaintiffs for the damage which they have sustained by reason of the defendant having infringed. instead of having purchased, the right to use the invention."
The instruction given at the request of plaintiffs in error is in substance the same as the rejected prayers, except that in the latter the claim was made that the court should advise the jury that it was to regard certain parts of the evidence as of a character that was to be considered "important," "main," "material,'> and "controlling." That the jury was fully advised as to the weight it should give the evidence, and that the plaintiffs in error have no valid ground for complaint relative thereto, is shown by the extract from the charge of the court that we have just called attention to. It was the province of the jury to find the actual damages, if any, that the plaintiffs below had suffered on account of the use by defendants of the patent, as claimed by plaintiffs; and in so finding it was their duty to consider all the evidence relating to that question. Keeping in view the character of the evidence before the jury, to which we have heretofore alluded, and considering the instructions given, as also the court's charge, we are of the opinion that the said prayers were properly rejected. We find no error in the judgment of the court below, and it is affirmed.
ALASKA PACKERS' ASS'N v. ALASKA IMP. CO.
(Circuit Court, N. D. California.
January 29, 1894.)
TRADE·MARK-INFRINGEMENT-DEFENSES-FALSE STATEMENTS BY ASSIGNEE.
Where a trade-mark i8 a mark of special qualities, due to superior material, processes, skill, and care exercised by the originator thereof, an assignee of the business, who continues to use labels which contain the falsestatement tliat the goods are prepared by the originator, Is not entitled to relief against an infringer. Correcting false statements after the suit Is filed, by attaching an addi· tional explanatory label to the goods then being sold, does not help the case of one who, because of such false statements, had no right to relief at the time the suit was filed.
2. SAllE-CORRECTING FAI,SE STATEMENTS.
In Equity. Suit by the Alaska Packers' Association against the Alaska Improvement Company for infringement of a trade-mark. Order to show cause why a preliminary injunction should not issue. Injunction denied. Estee & Miller, for complainant. Daniel Titus, for respondent. McKENNA, Oircuit Judge. This is an action for the infringement of a trade-mark. The plaintiff is the assignee of the Aleutian Islands Fishing & Miuing Company, who has established a station for canning salmon and other fish on the island of Kodiak, Alaska. & Mining ComThe bill alleges that said Aleutian Islands pany used only the best quality of salmon, employed the best machinery, appliances, processes, and exercised great care, skill, and
expertness in processing and packiJ;lgsaid .salmon; and putting on the market canned salmon of the best known quality and value, and a !ljgh reputation as such throughout the various markets· the world, and said company sold many millions of said salnwn so prepared and packed, and: built up and ,secured a large, extensive" a"p.d .reml,lnerative businel:\s therein, which was (If great vahle.A,nd,Jt is further alleged that, in order to designate the origin and owner.ship of the canned salmon so prepared and packed as aforesaid, and to distinguish the same from the canned salmon of all other packers and dealers, said company adopted and appropriated to its exclusive .use as a trade-mark for its canned salmon a certain lab.el or brand, a copy of which is attached to the bill. That said label was printed at a large cost and pasted to the cans the salmon, and said company sold many millions of cans of said salmon in trade and commerce with foreign nations, each of which had such label attached, and that said salmon became well known throughout the markets of the world as the "Kodiak Brand,"and as such were recognized and known to dealers as the camied salmon of said Aleutian Islands Fishing & Mining Company. That said label was duly registered in the patent office. That said company' leased its properties to complainant, with all their appurtenances, and assigned the good will of said business, labels, brands, trade-marks, and copyrights, and complainant has since conducted said business. That defendant is using a label and brand in imitation of complainant's label and brand. The label used by complainant contains the following statement: "Packed at Karluk, Kodiak Island, Alaska, by the Aleutian Islands Fishing & Mining Company, San Francisco, California." The defendant contends, among other things, that this statement isfalse,;md that complainant therefore is not entitled to relief in equity. As I think this is true, it will not be necessary to consider the other points made by respondent. See Hazard v. Caswell, 93 N. Y.268; Medicine Co. v. Wood, 108 U. S.218, 2 Sup. Ct. 436; .13ym<m,ds'v. Jones, 82 Me. 302.1 The complainant does not contest the point that, if the representations of the label are false, equity will not relieve against its imitation, but urges that an assignee must state in his labels that he is assignee only "where," to quote from counsel's brief, "the reputation and value of the article to which the mark is attached is due to some peculiar, personal, individual skill or genius of the originator of the mark; but in the case of an ordinary article of manufacture, which one manufacturer can make as well as another, where the entire plant is transferred to another, together with the good will, trade-marks, and all its assets, a continuationin the use of the old trade-marks at the old place, is nothing more than a representation that the goods are the product of the (lId factory, and are of the same quality as before." The allegations of the bill bring complainant within the admission. It alleges, as we have seen, not only that the best salmon, machinery, and processes are used, but care, skill, and expertness
119 AU. 820.
STEEL V. M'NEIL.
in processes and packing were exercised which gave the salmon a high reputation throughout the markets of the world, and that the label or brand designated the origin and ownership of the salmon, and distinguished the same from the canned salmon of all other packers. It was a mark, therefore, of special qualities, exercised by the Aleutian Islands Fishing & Mining Company, which dis· tinguished its products from the products of other packers,-any old or any new packers. To correct the misstatement of the label, complainant, since the commencement of the action, has attached a circular label to the top of the can, stating that the salmon is packed by it as assignee of the Aleutian Islands Fishing & Mining Company. I do not think this cures the defect of the original label. It is the facts which existed before the suit was brought which make the cause of action, and entitle to relief.
THE ECLIPSE. ANDERSON et aI. v. MARTIAL et al. (Circuit Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit. July 17, 1893.) No. 100.
Appeal from the District Court of the United States for the Northern District of California. In Admiralty. Libel by Thomas Martial and others against the ship Eclipse (Andrew Anderson and others, claimants) for balance of seamen's wages. Decree for libelants. 53 Fed. 273. Claim· ants appeal. Affirmed. S. Bloom, for appellants. H. W. Hutton, for appellees. Before McKENNA and GILBERT, Circuit Judges, and HAW· LEY, District Judge. McKENNA, Circuit Judge. The facts of this case are fully and clearly stated in the opinion of the learned judge of the lower court, (reported in 53 Fed. 273). In his reasoning and conclusions we concur, and therefore adopt his opinion as the opinion of this court. The decree of the district court is affirmed.
STEEL et aL v. McNEIL. (Circuit Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit. No. 163.
SHIPPING-INJURY TO STEVEDORE'S EMPLOYE-DEFECTIVE ApPARATUS.
January 23, 1894.)
A ship is liable for injuries caused to a stevedore's employe by slipping of the pin from the eye of a shackle furnished and rigged by the crew, beeause of defects therein noticed and pointed out to the mati.>