ocal, and leaves no room for interpretation. It is a contract which must be enforced according to its terms, like those which were considered in Jeffries v. Insurance Co., 22 Wall. 47, and Insurance Co. v. France, 91 U. S. 510. A true answer to the inquiry as to the name and address of each physician who had attended the applicant within the past five years would have afforded the insurer a valuable source of information in regard to the previous history and physical condition of the applicant. The inquiry called for the statement of a fact within the knowledge of the applicant, and not for one which might be merely a matter of opinion, in respect to which he might be mistaken. The answer was not incomplete or imperfect, but was untrue. It permitted no other inference than that Dr. Hayes was the only physician who had prescribed for or attended the applicant during the period covered by the inquiry. If the case had been submitted to the jury upon the issue whether that answer was true, and there had been a verdict for the plaintiff, the verdict would have been so manifestly unsupported by evidence that it would have been the duty of the court, in the exercise of a sound judicial discretion, to set it aside. Consequently, the trial judge properly withdrew the case from the consideration of the jury, and directed a verdict for the defendant. North Pennsylvania R. Co. v. Commercial Nat. Bank, 123 U. S. 727, $ Sup. Ct. 266; Railroad Co. v. Converse, 139 U. S. 469, 11 Sup. Ct. 569. The judgment is affirmed.
BURKE v. DILLINGHAM. (CircuIt Court of Appeals, 1"ifth Circuit. January 30, 1894.) No. 137.
DEATH BY WRONGFUL ACT-LIABILITY OF RAILROAD RECEIVER.
The Texas statute giving a right of action when the death of any person is caused by the negligence of "the proprietor, owner, charterer or hirer" of any railroad, or their servants (Rev. St. art. 2899), creates no right of action against a railroad receiver. Turner v. Cross, 18 S. W. 578, 83 Tex. 218, followed.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Texas. This was a petition of intervention filed by Mary A. Burke, individually and as next friend of Maude, Thomas, Bertha, Charley, and Sidney Burke, against Charles Dillingham, receiver of the Houston & Texas Central Railway Company, to recover damages suffered by them because of the death of Thomas W. Burke, an employe of the receiver, through the alleged negligence of the defendant. The court below, having sustained a demurrer to the petition, dismissed the same,· and the intervener appeals. The statute upon which plaintiff based her right of action was Rev. St. Tex. art. 2899, which reads as follows:
"An action for actual damages on account of injuries causing death of any person may be brought in the following cases: First, when the death of any
per$Ol1'le bY the negligence or carelessllesB of the proprletpr" owner, ch,,art,', ' ';Lor",P1,r,erof any or by the unfitness, negligence or careles&ness of .
To :support the action of the court below, the appellee relied mainly upon the case of Turner v. Cross, 83 Tex. 231, S. W. 578, and quoted, the, following ,language therefrom:
"Looldng to the' Character of, the property, named in the statute, If It was the Intention of. the leglslature-as seems manifest by the language used-to give ,right ofaetion persons and corporations sustaining to the proPenY the whiCh the words indicate, in cases of injuries resulting in caused by their negligence, or the unfitness, negligence, or care.. lessnessof their servants and' agents, then there was necessity to name all the persons againat whom tight of llction was intended to be given, so that My grade of ownership conten;ing personal right should, be brought within the opeJ.'lltion of the statute; and. It was, doubtless for the purpog.e of avoiding ll,l1 misconception as to the intent of the iegislaturet.ha.t'hirers,' 'charterers,' 'owners,' and \Vere named. The manifest purpose of the statute was to give right of:acti9,n, 'for injuries such as are complained of in thil'lcase, against those in in the4" own rights, of the classes of property named in the statute, When oper:ated by themselves, or by servants or agents of their own selection, for whose acts or omIssions they ought to be respotl$ible; and the language of a statute ought to be such as to ilnperatively reqUire it, pefore a court ,would be authorized to hold that such owners were intended to ,be made liable, directly or indirectly, for l\Jl injmy occurring in the, use of property while under the management and control of an officer of a court having power to do with It as the court may direct, and to Select his own servants without regard to the wish of the owner."
H. F. Ring and Pressley :k.Ewing, for appellant. E. H. Farrer, E. B. Kruttschmitt, and B. ... Jonas, f(jrappellee. Before McCORMICK, Circuit Judge, and LOCKE and TOULMIN, District Judges.
McOORMICK, Circuit Judge. On the authority of Turner v. Cross, 83 Tex. 218, 18 S. W. 578, we m'l1st hold that, for the injury which resulted in the death of Thomas W. Burke, the statute of Texas did not authorize a recovery of damages against the defendant in error. The demurrer to the petition was properly sustained, and the judgment of the circuit court is affirmed.
STURDIVANT v. MEMPHIS NAT. BANK. (Circu1tOourt of Appeals, Fifth, Circuit. February 27, 1894.)
No. 170. 1.
NEGOTIAJll,B !!!'STRUMENTS-LAW OF PLACE-CONFLICT OF LAWS.
A note and delivered in one state, and payable in another, is goYerned, as to the admissibility of defenses against an indorsee, by the law of the latter state, even when sued on in the state wherein it was executed. But such note; if valid made, is not rendered invalid because
Sl. SAME-VALIDITY-USURY-CQNFLICT OF ,LAWS.
it contravenes the usUJ:"Y laws of the state in which it is payable.
In an action by an indorsee, a plea setting forth partial failure of con81deration, and want of good faith in the indorsement, is not redundant,