appellate court, except where, tor special reasons, sureties ought not to be requir.ed." ... , .
Thisl'li)e is ,determinative of the pending application. It supplements section 766 by providing that, although "proceedings against the person" by state court or state authority are to be deemed null an<l void, the custody in which the prisoner was when he applied for the writ shall remain undisturbed despite the pen, dency of his appeal. Relator's counsel insist that this clause of the rule is inconsistent with section 766, and therefore void. Evidently, the supreme court did not think so, or it would not have adopted the rule. In conformity to the regulations thus made by competent authority under a law of the United States (section 765, Rev. St. U. S.), McKane should, during the pendency of his appeal from this court's denial of his first application, remain in the custody in which he was when such application was 'denied. In that custody he now is, and therefore he is notin custody in violation of a law of the United States, as alleged in the petition now presented. Motion denied.
GAMEWELL FIRE-ALARM TEL. CO. et al. v. MUNICIPAL. SIGNAL CO.
etal. (Circuit Court of Appeals, First Circuit.
No. 42. 1.
January 4, 1894.)
ExPtUA'l'ION OF PATENT-INTERLOCUTORY INJUNCTION-ApPEAL.
The of a patent dissolves an interlocutory injunction restrain.ing its infringement, and, where an appeal is pending, leaves nothing for the appellate court to act upon, and the appeal will be dismissed. On an appeal from an Interlocutory· decree granting an injunction restraining the infringement of a patent, the court will not dispose of the entire case, except. when the determinatIon of the question whether the injunction was erroneous requires an examination of the whole case on the merits. RIchmond V. Atwood, 2 C. C. A. 596, 52 Fed. 10" explained.
APPEAL FROM INTERLOCUTORY INJUNCTION-DECISION.
AppealfI'Om the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Massachusetts. . This was a suit by the. Municipal Signal Company, licensee, and James F. Oyster, assignee, to restrain the Gamewell Fire-Alarm Telegraph Company and others from infringing letters patent No. 178,750, granted June 13, 1876, to Henry Ennis. The patent was for an improvement in telegraphic fire alarms. The circuit court entered an interlocutory decree granting a perpetual injunction. and referred the cause to a master to take an account of profits. 52 Fed. 464. Defendants appeal. Charles N. Judson and Richard N.Dyerrfor appellants. Fish, Richardson & Storrow, for appellees. Before PUTNAM, Circuit Judge,and NELSON and WEBB, District Judges. PER etJB,li\M. Pending the appeal, and before argument of the cause in this court, the letters patent in suit expired, and with that expiration the interlocutory injunction appealed from termi-
DIEBOLD SAFE &: LOCK CO.
nated. There is, therefore, nothing remaining for a judgment of this court to act upon. In this condition of the cause the court will no further consider whether the injunction was or was not properly granted, but will dismiss the appeal. Appeal dismissed; no costs on appeal to either party. After the foregoing opinion was rendered, a petition for rehearing was filed, but was withdrawn by leave of the court. The court at the same time gave the parties leave to file briefs upon the form of the decree to be entered. Briefs were accordingly submitted, and, after considering the same, the following opinion was rendered:
(March 21, 1894.)
interlocutory decree granting an injunction, the whole case was examined and was disposed of on its merits. But that injunction, it is to be remembered, was granted by the court ])(>low upon a final hearing of the case on the full evidence, and this court, in support of its judgment, said : ''We must go to the full merits, as· shown by the record, in order to determine whether the interlocutory decree for a perpetual injunction is founded in error." It is only when the determination of the question whether the injunction was erroneous so requires us to look into the whole case on its merits that we shall feel disposed to follow the course pursued in Richmond v. Atwood. Assignments of error ought to be strictly confined to the subject brought before the appellate court, whethC'l" on appeal or by writ of error. In the case now before us everything has been decided except the form of the decree to be entered. Upon that question the brief of the appellants suggests, if it does not contend, that we should pass upon all the matters in the assignment of errors. In the view of the court, the expiration of the patent ipso facto dissolved or terminated the injunction, and left nothing requiring the interposition of this court. The appeal has been accordingly dismissed. It would have been useless labor to consider the questions .which would have required examination and determination after the removal of the subject to which they pertained. The dismIssal of the appeal without a qualifying order leaves the case to proceed in the circuit court as if no appeal had ever been taken, and it is enough to enter a decree, "Appeal dismissed." Mandate according to the decree of January 4, 1894, may issue forthwith.
GERARD v. DIEBOLD SAFE & LOCK CO. (Circuit Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit. April 10, 1894.) No. 60.
PER CURIAM. It is true that in Richmond v. Atwood, 2 C. C. A. 596, 52 Fed. 10, which came before this court on an appeal from an
sufficiently plain and explicit to denote clearly what he asks for, and a patent which, the language of the application, is granted for "an improvement in burglar-
It is the duty of the inventor to use