FEDERAL REPORTER ,
TEl!} LIME ROCK. BORNE et at v. DONNELLY et at (Circuit Oourt Appeals, Second Circuit. May 29, l894.) . No. 104.
Appeal from the District Court of the United States for the SoutherJ1<District of New York. The decision of the district court in this case will be found fully reported in 55 Fed. 126. The proctors for the appellant claimed in their brief that the "new evi4ence" hereaiter referred to in the opinion of the court of appeals tended to establish the following facts, namely:
"(1) That the libelants testified falsely when they testified that the Alpha was in good condition. (2) That the Alpha had been leaking previously, had been in danger of sink\ng within a day or two of the collision, and that the leak In her had been only temporarily stopped by Capt. Kelly's putting overboard some manure to check the leak."
Benedict & Benedict, for appellants. Hyland & Zabriskie, for appellees. Before W ALLAOE, LAOOMBE, and SI!IPMAN, Oircuit Judges. PER OURIAM. Notwithstanding the new evidence introduced by the appellant since the decision of the cause by the district court, we are satisfied that the libelants' canal boat was sufficiently strong and tight for the ordinary exigencies of her use as a coal boat, and that she did not sink in consequence of any defect in her condition, but that she was forced ahead, and brought in contact with the dock, by the impact of the steam lighter, and a hole thereby knocked into her bow. The occurrence was due to the carelessness Of those in charge of the lighter. They used unnecessary violence in the attempt to move the canal boat. The lighter must accordingly be condemned for the damages. We should have been better satisfied if the commissioner to whom it 'Was referred to ascertain and report damages had rejected the item allowed for repai.rs which were not made, but which he found were necessary to put the canal boat in as good condition as she was previous to the accident; but the proofs are not such as to justify us in overruling his conclusion and that of the district judge. The decree is affirmed, with interest and costs.
THE PHILADELPffiAN. LEWIS et al. v. TRANT. WILEY et al. v. SAME. (Circuit Oourt of Appeals, First Oircuit. April 18, 1894.) No. 66.
Testimony as to precautions tliken by a steamer to avoid collision a schooner, given by intelligent witnesses on board the steamer, co-operated in the precautionary maneuvers, is not overcome by of witnesses looking on from remote points, or aboard the schooner, failed to observe such precautions.
with Who that who
.. SAllE-SCHOONER U):'fNECE8SARILY TACKING ACR088STEAlIER'S
Bow. A steamship is not liable tor collision with a schooner unnecessarily tacking across the steamer's bow, In a narrow channel, and'in such close proximity that the steamer cannot avoid her.
Appeal from the District Court of the United States for the District of Massachusetts. (WilThese were two libels against the steamship liam H. Trant, claimant) for damages from a collision between said steamship and the schooner Lizzie Williams,-one by A. S. Lewis and others, members of the crew of said schooner, and Joseph Welch, also on board the schooner at the time of the collision, for loss of personal effects, and other damages; the other by Otis H. Wiley and others, owners of said schooner, for loss of the vessel, and other damages. 'The cases were consolidated by order of the district court, and, on hearing, the libels were dismissed. Libp.lants jointly appealed. A motion by appellants for leave to take further proofs was granted (60 Fed. 423), and additional depositions were taken.
The collision occurred In Boston harbor, at 20 minutes past 11 o'clock in the morning of the 27th ot April, 1892, a short distance above the upper middle buoy. The steamer was a vessel 455 feet long, 45 feet beam, 3,322 tons, 10,600 tons displacement. and her draught at the time was 26 feet 6 inches. The schooner was about 75 feet long, of 57 tons, and her draught at the time was about 10 feet. At, and for some distance on either side of, the place of collision, the channel for the steamer was about 1,000 to 1,200 feet wide, while, for the schooner, It was about 3,000 feet wide. Both vesselS were on their way down the harbor, to sea. The wind was about east, and the tide about slack, at full high water. The evidence for libelants showed that the schooner left T wharf between 10 and 11 o'clock In the morning, and was beating down the harbor. When she pulled out from T wharf, she stood first on the port tack, towards South Boston. She then tacked, and stood on the starboard tack, over to Jeffries' Point, In East Boston, where she came about again, and stood again on the port tack, to the southward, towards South Boston. She came about again when about a third of a mile off the starboard bow ot the steamer, and stood across her bows, on the starboard tack, and while on this tack came in collision with the steamer. The steamer was not seen from the schooner until after she had come about, and gathered good headway, on this last starboard tack. The evidence on behalf of the steamship was that she left her dock In Charlestown shortly before 11 o'clock, and proceeded down the harbor In the usual way, and at the usual speed, in charge of a licensed pilot. The pilot was on the bridge with the master and third officer. The schooner was seen by the master and pilot of the steamer, from the bridge, while she was making her first starboard tack, towards East Boston, and they then determined upon their course for passing and avoiding her, which was to wait until she should have come about on the port tack, and crossed the steamer's bows towards South Boston, and then pass under her stern. In pursuance ot this determination, the steamer was slowed until after the schooner had run out her starboard tack, and crossed the steamer's bow on her port tack, and then started up to pass under the schooner's stern; but she had scarcely started when the pilot and master of the steamer perceived that the schooner was unexpectedly tacking again, right off the steamer's starboard bow. The steamer was at once stopped, and Immediately afterwards her helm was put hard a-port, and her engines were reversed at full speed for three minutes before the collision. The port side of the schooner came against the steamer's bow, which cut into her about two teet, and the schooner sunk. At the time of collision the steamer had been almost stopped. Therewas much evidence introduced on behalf of the steamer that her efforts to avoid the schooner, even after the latter tacked so unexpectedly when close to the steamer's starboard bow,
have been SUccessful, had the schooner her starboard tack, but thatfhe.schooner, just as she WIlS erl>Ssitlg'thesteamer's bow, lUffed up in the wind, lost' her headway, and drifted on to the steamer. Witnesses called for the schooner, however, denied that she, at this time, did Iliff into the wind, and lose her headway.
The opinion rendered in the district court by Nelson, District Judge,was as follows:
"It . plainly appears from the evidence in the ease that the collision was caused by no fault of those in charge of the Philadelphian, but was caused solely by the gross negligence of the master of the Lizzie Williams, in coming about upon the starboard tack, when on the southerly side of the channel, and running across the bows of the steamer, for which change of course no necessity or excuse is shown."
Frederic Dodge, for appellants. Lewis S. Dabney and Frederic Ounningham, for appellee. Before PUTNAM, Circuit Judge, and WEBB and ALDRICH, District Judges. PER CURIAM. Upon careful examination of the evidence, as presented by the record of these cases, and full consideration of the able argument for the appellants, the court perceives no error in the conclusion of the district judge. The testimony in behalf of the steamer comes from intelligent witnesses, who were in position to know fully the measures taken to avoid a collision, in respect to which they testify, and shows that every precaution required of those navigating the steamer, for the avoidance of the collision, was promptly exercised. The failure of witnesses looking on from remote points, or even of those aboard the schooner in motion, to observe or to know such precautions, cannot overcome this clear consent of evidence from the witnesses who co-operated in those precautionary maneuvers. The schooner, beating out of Boston harbor, where the working channel for large ocean steamers, like the Philadelphian, is narrow, while she had a right to tack when necessary or highly prudent, shouJd still have taken some care to see that, by tacking, she did not make it impossible for either sailing or steam vessels following her to keep clear, and, if practicable, should have held on her tack long enough to avoid such result. That in this case the schooner could safely, and ought to, ha.ve stood longer on her port tack, we think, is clear. If the witnesses for the libelants are correct in denying any vacillation in the navigation of the schooner, then it is plain that the whole trouble was caused by her sudden and unnecessary tacking, whereby she so threw herself in the path of the steamer as to make collision inevitable. If, on the other hand, at the time she tacked, there was room for her, by holding her course, to go clear, but by hesitation, and first luffing, and then falling off, she lost the very short time when she could have safely crossed the steamer's bow, the fault was still hers. But we are of opinion that the witnesses in behalf of the steamer are mistaken about the schooner's luffing and falling off, and that the whole evil was caused by the schooner's improperly and unnecessarily tacking across the steamer's bow, and in so close proximity that she could not be avoided. Decree of the district court affirmed.
· NEWMAN V. SCHWERIN.
SCHWERIN. May 8, 1894.;
(Circuit Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit. No. 161.
DESCENT AND DISTRIBUTION-ACTION BY SOLE DISTRIBUTEE.
The sole distributee of an intestate, who does not allege that there is no administrator and no creditor, cannot maintain a bill against the intestate's agent, who, in enforcing a judgment in favor of the intestate, purchased lands of the judgment debtor on ecx:ecution sale, and refuses to account, whether the recovery sought be a money decree, or a recoveryof the land, or an interest therein as realty.
ApPOINTMENT OF ADMINISTRATOR AD LITEM-REVIEW OF INTERLOCUTORY DECREE.
Under Act Tenn. 1889, giving chancery courts special power in a proceeding therein to appoint an administrator ad litem, if there is no executor or administrator, or if he is interested adversely, an interlocutory decree making such appointment, although it recites that it appears that there is no administrator or: executor, cannot be sustained, when brought up for review by appeal from the final decree, in the absence of any allegation or evidence in the record to support such recital.
PARTIES-AcCOUNTING-BENEFICIARIES UNDER TRUST.
By a clause in a power of attorney to sell certain lands and enforce certain jUdgments, the maker of the instrument bound himself to divide the proceeds, thre&fourths among the heirs of his deceased brother, onefourth to be retained by himself. He died intestate, leaving salU ueirs of his deceased brother his own heirs at law. Held, that they were necessary parties to a bill to reach lands held by the attorney named therein as proceeds of enforcement of a judgment under said power, whether said lands were to be regarded as personalty or realty for purposes of descent and Q.istribution. In a suit between citizens of different states, although the petition for removal is not filed until after a demurrer is interposed in the state court, if no motion to remand on that ground is made in the circuit court, the objection is waived, and cannot be made on appeal.
REMOVAL .oF CAUSES-TIME OF ApPLICATION-WAIVER OF OBJECTION.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Tennessee. This was a suit by Lena Newman against Morris Schwerin for an accounting. The circuit court dismissed the bill. Complainant appealed. JohnJ. Tracy and John H. Cother, for appellant. Pritchard & Sizer, for appellee. Before TAFT and LURTON, Circuit Judges, and BARR, District LURTON, Circuit Judge. This bill was filed in the chancery court for Cumberland county, Tenn. The object of the bill was to have an accounting with the defendant, Schwerin, as attorney in fact for Samuel Newman. The power of attorney was as follows:
"State of Mississippi, County of Hinds. "Be It known that I, Samuel Newman. of the county and state above named, do hereby constitute and appoint M. Schwerin, of the city of Newark, state of New Jersey, my attorney in fact, with the following powers: (1) To sell, convey, lease, or rent any and all the land that I own, or in which I have any interest, situated and being in the counties of ·White, De Kalb, and