GRAHAM v. CHICAGO, ST. P., M. & O. RY. CO,
(Circuit Court, D. Minnesota,
Sept. 4, '1894.)
Tbefll1iure of a.. railroad cOI)lP!lny to securely fasten the ends of a car Which are on hinges, so &$ 'to allow the car to be used as. a fiat car by dropping the ends inward,' isinot negligence, so as to render the company liable to a brakeman Who,. in: getting off the car, is thrown beneath the by reason of the end, in, he having used it as a support.
Action by Hall I. Graham the Chicago, St Paul, Minneapolis& Omaha Railway Compariy;' . There was a verdict for plaintiff, and defendant moved for a new'trial. Granted.
Motion by .defen(j.ant for new trial. The plaintiff, a brakeman in the service·of the defendant company for more than six years, suffered personal injul.'ies on February 25, 1892, in attempting. to alight from a coal car. He was' Precipitated under the moving cars, and his right arm badly crushed, necessitating amput1ltion. It was the. duty of the plaintiff to aid in distributing freight cars and making up ,a mixed train at Kasota Junction, on defendant's road, in this district. There was a grade at or near the station at this junction, and a part of plaintiff's· duty was to mount moving cars eoming down this grade, and set the brakes to stop them. so they Would not run into and injure stationary cars farther down on the track. In pursuance of his duty,the plaintiff had mounted a stl.'ing of moving cars, and, in alighting from a coal car in this string, was injured. This car was called a "Gondola," which usually has hand holds at each end, to aid brakemen in ascending and descending therefrom, and also end gates or end boards hinged to the fioor of the car, and so made that theY could be fastened upright or perpendidularto the floor by hooks and staples, or laid down inward on the floor. In attempting to alight from this car, the plaintiff took hold of the top of one of the end gates, which was upright, and, as he gave a spring to jump off. it fell inward, and he was thrown with his arm on the track. On the trial. the jury found a verdict for the plaintiff. A motion is now made for a new,trial, for errors appaJ.'ent on the record.
Henry A. Morgan and John A.Lovely, for plaintiff. Thomas Wilson, Lorin Cray, and S. L. Perrin, for defendant NELSON, District Judge. This gondola car 'was constructed with reference to carrying coal and bulky articles and lumber. It was not out of repair or improperly constructed. The injury to the plaintiff did not result from the want of a hand hold on the car, for the plaintiff admits that he knew there was none on the car before he made the attempt to alight. The car was adapted to the purposes for which it was designed. The end gates or boards were made adjustable, so that the car would carry coal or other materialwben the end gates were upright, and could be used as a flat car when the gates were down. For such purposes this car was built and could be safely used, though it might be unsafe for a brakeman to rely upon an end gate when upright as a support in alighting from the car when in motion. The only alleged negligence of the defendant urged is the failure to have the end gate securely fastened, so as to allow the plaintiff to safely use it when he attempted to alight from the car. The duty of the defendant company to keep these end gates, when upright, fixed securely with special reference to their use by a brakeman in alighting from the
HEMINGWAY MANUF'G CO. l'. COUNCIL BLUFFS CANNING CO.
car, d6es not appear. On the trial, the court left it to the jury to determine whether or not the defendant company, at the time of the injury, had failed to perform a duty it owed the plaintiff in connection with the end gates. I am satisfied this was error, and, on the record as it stood, the motion made to instruct the jury to reo turn a verdict for the defendant should have been granted. Be· ing of this opinion, the motion for a new trial is granted; costs to abide the final judgment.
. HEMINGWAY MANUF'G CO. v. COUNCIL BLUFFS CANNING CO. (Circuit Court, S. D. Iowa, C. D. May 11, 1893.)
DAMAGES-ExECUTORY CONTRACT OF SALE-BREACH BY PURCHASER.
Defendant ordered of plaintiff two machines, which plaintiff had "to manufacture, and for which defendant was to pay the usual price, which did not change after the order was given. Before the machines were made, defendant countermanded the order; but plaintiff made and tendered the machines, which were of the usual make, and not specially designed, and defendant refused to receive them. l.'he machines were covered by a patent owned by plaintiff. but there were other machines used for the same purpose. Held, that plaintiff was entitled to nominal damages only for the breach of the contract.
This was an action by the Hemingway Manufacturing Company against the Council Bluffs Canning Company to recover damages for breach of a contract of sale of machines by plaintiff to defendant.
Finding of Facts. The above case having been submitted to the court, a jury being waived, the court makes the following findings of facts: (1) The plaintiff was, when this suit was brought, and is now, a corporation created under the laws of the state of New York, and the defendant was, when the suit was brought, and is now, a corporation created under the laws of the state of Iowa. (2) That on the 21st day of April, 1888, the plaintiff and defendant entered Into a contract in writing at Chicago, 111., which is worded as follows: "Hemingway Manufacturing Co., Patentees and Manufacturers of Corn Cookers and Special Machinery for Canners' Use. Syracuse, N. Y. "Memorandum of agreement made this 21st day of April, A. D. 1888, by and between the Hemingway Company, a body corporate, organized under the laws of the state of New York, with its principal business office at Syracuse. New York, partj' of the first part, and Council Bluffs Canning Co., of Council Bluffs, Iowa, party of the second part, Witnesseth, that on this 21st day of April, 1888, the said party of the first part agrees to sell to the said party of the second part, delivered on cars at Syracuse, N. Y., six No.2 patent corn cookers, manufactured by said party of the first part, and the said party of the second part agrees to purchase the said number 2 cookers, and to pay for the same the sum of three thousand dollars, as follows: Net cash upon delivery of railroad receipt showing shipment of same. There is also to be furnished with said cookers, by parties of first part, six of Huston and Dale automatic feeders, free of charge to parties of second part, with the exceptions of freight charges from Beatrice, Neb., to point of delivery. Council Bluffs Canning Co. "D. W. Archer. Sec'y. "Hemingway Mfg. Co. "H. C. Hemingway, Manager. "[Indorsed] D. W. Archer, Council Bluffs, Iowa. "Council Bluffs Canning Co., Council Bluffs, Iowa. "June 15, 1888, - - ready to ship."